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Jinja2 rendering tool

Project description

j2rt is a tool meant to simplify Jinja2 usage for CLI, be that with shell scripts, continuous integration pipelines or anything else, where m4 is not a good fit, with all the whistles and bells that Jinja2 offers, if statements, for loops, filters and many more, see Jinja2’s syntax for list of features. The tool can take template and variable files from local filesystem as well as remote like S3 and SSM. The S3 integration makes it easy to create a secure secrets store for your configuration files, since S3 can be encrypted (KMS or regular server side AES), it’s viable to place secrets.json in S3 and then load it during deployment process for the configuration files to be generated, as one of use cases.

Multiple variable files can be used, in a way that one can, for example, specify one base variables file, and then append some keys, or override others, if needed.

Python dependencies

  • jinja2
  • boto3 (optional, provides support for s3:// and ssm://)
  • python-gnupg (optional, used with gpg_decrypt jinja2 filter)

Custom filters

Filters that are supported but are not part of official Jinja2 specification

  • b64decode - decode base64 encoded string into it’s original form.
  • b64encode - encode string into base64.
  • gpg_decrypt - decrypt string with GnuPG


From PYPI:

pip install j2rt

From master branch:

pip install

Note: it’s generally unwise to install packages with pip outside of virtualenv, if however this is what you want, append --user to the pip invocation to install it locally for logged user only.


The template and variable file(s) can be either local, or remote s3, if prefixed with s3://. Template is to be written in jinja2 and variable files are to be JSON formatted. One or more variable files can be specified, the same variable can be set in multiple variable files, the last one to be defined will be used.

            [-o OUTPUT] [--version]

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -t TEMPLATE_FROM, --template-from TEMPLATE_FROM
                        Path to template file to use
  -v VARIABLES_FROM, --variables-from VARIABLES_FROM
                        The path(s) for JSON files from which variables will
                        be taken from, if variable in file is already defined,
                        it will be overwritten.
  -V VARIABLE, --variable VARIABLE
                        Set variable from command line, in the format
                        name=value, prefix value with @ to read file into
                        variable, one can escape @ by writting it as @@foo for
                        @foo value. Variables specified at command line have
                        highest priority and will overrride the same variable
                        set in any of --variables-from.
  -o OUTPUT, --output OUTPUT
                        Output file, if not set, result is printed to stdout.
  --version             Show version and exit


Generate nginx.conf

j2rt \
  -t s3://somebucket/nginx.conf.j2 \
  -v /etc/nginx.conf.base.json -v s3://somebucket/nginx.conf.webserver.json \
  -V base_domain=@ssm:///config/basedomain

(Re)generate configuration for all the nginx’s vhosts

true >/etc/nginx/conf.d/vhosts.conf && \
for vhost in vhosts/*.json; do
  j2rt -t nginx.vhost.conf.j2 -v "$vhost" >>/etc/nginx/conf.d/vhosts.conf
done && nginx -s reload

Generate .env with production configuration and secrets, taking secrets from (encrypted) S3 bucket.

j2rt \
  -t .env.j2 \
  -v .env.base.json -v -v s3://somebucket/ \
  -o .env

Generate OpenVPN client config file, taking CA.crt from S3 bucket, while client certificate and other keys taken from local file system:

j2rt \
  --template-from /etc/openvpn/client.ovpn.j2 \
  --variables-from /etc/openvpn/base_configuration_subnets_routing_tables_etc.json \
  --variable server_name=TEST_SERVER \
  --variable CA_CRT=@s3://somebucket/ca.crt \
  --variable client_crt=@/path/to/pki/certs/client1.crt \
  --variable client_key=@/path/to/pki/keys/client1.key \
  --variable ta_key=@/etc/openvpn/ta.key \
  -o /root/client1.ovpn

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