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Just another rakish application framework

Project description

jaraf


Just another rakish application framework.

Overview


JARAF is an application framework, which just just a fancy name for a collection of python code that can help jumpstart the development of command-line tools and applications, providing a developer is willing to follow a few rules and conventions to use the framework.

The framework itself is fairly straighforward to use. An application will inherit from a base application class named jaraf.App and implement one required method (jaraf.App.main()). From there, the application can optionally implement a number of other prescribed methods to set up and customize itself. For example, an application that needs custom command-line arguments will implement the jaraf.App.add_arguments() and jaraf.App.process_arguments() methods.

A lot of simple applications will probably only ever need the jaraf.App class, but for more complex applications, additional features are provided through mixin classes.

Application Base Class


The application base class, jaraf.App, is a virtual base class that must be inherited by an application in order to use the framework. It provides some basic features useful to most command-line applications. This includes exception handling to prevent an application from abruptly exiting, a best-effort exit code, logging methods, and built-in command-line arguments to set various parameters.

It has one virtual method named :meth:jaraf.App.main() that must be implemented. A minimalist application need only implement this one method to use the framework. However, there are other virtual methods that can be implemented and public methods that can be overloaded that enable developers to further customize an application.

Here's the obligatory starting example:

from jaraf import App

class HelloWorldApp(App):
    def main(self):
        self.log.info("Hello, World!")
        raise RuntimeError("Aaand goodbye...")

if __name__ == "__main__":
    app = HelloWorldApp()
    app.run()

When saved to file named hello_world.py and run, it will print something like the following output to the terminal::

2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 INFO ---------------------------------------------------------------
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 INFO STARTING hello_world.py
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 INFO Hello, World!
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 ERROR Unhandled exception: Aaand goodbye...
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 ERROR > Traceback (most recent call last):
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 ERROR >   File "/lib/python/jaraf/app/__init__.py", line 218, in run
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 ERROR >     self.main()
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 ERROR >   File "./hello_world.py", line 5, in main
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 ERROR >     raise RuntimeError("Aaand goodbye...")
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 ERROR > RuntimeError: Aaand goodbye...
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 INFO FINISHED hello_world.py
2018-04-10 22:00:10,379 INFO - Exit status: 1

It's an underwhelming example to be sure, but for a few lines of code, we get a timestamped output format (even the stack trace is properly formatted) and logged callouts for the start, finish and exit status of our applications. Plus if you bring up the help text with hello_world.py -h, you'll see a handful of options that were automatically added to our application.

Mixins


Mixins provide additional functionality to an application through multiple inheritance with each mixin class usually providing just a narrow feature set. The philosophy here is that applications should not be bloated by code that is never going to be run. Instead, an application should be able to selectively load just the functionality it needs.

For example, to add support for logging to a file, an application class could be defined like so:

from jaraf import App
from jaraf.mixin.cron import CronMixin
from jaraf.mixin.logfile import LogfileMixin

class HelloWorldApp(LogfileMixin, App):
    # Class definition follows...

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