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Command line interface wrapper for Arduino IDE, inspired by ino

Project description


Command line interface wrapper for Arduino IDE, inspired by ino.


Using PyPi, the package can be obtained using:

pip install jno

Or you can download the repo and use:

pip install .


To begin using jno, change working directory to your project. Then, perform:

jno init

This will initialize the basic directory structure and create a jno.jno file, which stores the local jno settings.

Note that on Windows, calling jno like this may not work. Instead, call the jno module directly:

python -m jno

By default, jno does not know where your Arduino IDE is located - this is represented by exec_dir in the config. There is a local and a global version of jno.jno files. The local jno.jno file overwrites the global version IF the parameters are not set to NULL or DEFAULT. To set up your exec_dir, find your Arduino folder - say /home/pi/Documents/arduino-1.8.10. Perform:

jno setglobal --exec_dir=/home/pi/Documents/arduino-1.8.10


jno setlocal --exec_dir=/home/pi/Documents/arduino-1.8.10

depending on what you plan on doing - setglobal means a local .jno with exec_dir set to NULL will use the global exec_dir instead.

Once exec_dir is set, jno is ready to go. You should change the global and local settings to your liking - the options are documented below. Global settings are stored in the local user's home folder in a .jnoglobal.jno file.


The commands supported are:

jno build [parameters]: compile the code, verifying that there are no errors

jno upload [parameters]: compile + upload the code

jno serial [parameters]: start a serial monitor

jno init: initialize current working directory with libraries/, sketch/, and jno.jno if they are not present

jno clean: removes all build files (located in .build of directory)

jno boards [optional parameters]: list the board models supported by your Arduino IDE

jno ports [optional parameters]: list the ports currently available

jno setlocal [setting]: change setting in local jno.jno

jno setglobal [setting]: change setting in global jno.jno

jno help [command name]: lists usage and description for all commands, or for a specific command

Settings (for setlocal and setglobal)

These settings are the same as those contained in jno.jno files. These settings WILL be saved locally or globally. Note that lower case inputs are equally as valid. Possible parameters are as follows:

--exec_dir=/some/dir: directory that contains the arduino executable file. NULL is the default value.

--board=boardname: board that code should be compiled for. Possible 'boardname' choices include uno and mega. For boardname options, use the boards command.

--port=/some/port: port of arduino to upload code or start serial communication. On Linux, dmesg is useful in determining this.

--baudrate=9600: baudrate used for serial communication. Must be an integer.

--sketch_dir=/some/dir: directory of the local jno 'home'. Only mess with this if this jno.jno is meant to point to a deeper directory.

Parameters (for other commands)

Parameters are used only for the current invocation of the command and override local settings - they WILL NOT be saved. Possible settings are:

-p, --port=/some/port: see --port above. Affects the upload, serial, and ports commands.

-b, --board=boardname: see --board above. Affects the build, upload, and boards commands.

-b, --baudrate=9600: see --baudrate above. Only affects serial command.

-e, --endline=some_string: adds string on to end of any sent serial message. Only affects serial command.

-q, --quit=some_string: sets string that quits serial when entered ('EXIT' by default). Only affects serial command.

-n, --noreplace: turns off replacement of \n or \r in user-sent data with newline or carriage return. Only affects serial command.

Note: invoking any command with "help" following the command name will print the help string for the command instead, as if jno help [command name] was invoked.

jno Directory Structure

A valid jno directory contains a libraries directory, a sketch directory with a sketch.ino inside, and a jno.jno file. The libraries directory should contain any libraries not included in your Arduino IDE. The structure looks like this:

    |-- jno.jno           [configuration file]
    |-- libraries         [directory containing dependencies]
    |-- sketch            [directory containing main program .ino file]
    |   `-- sketch.ino
    `-- .build            [directory for build files]


This tool is a wrapper for the Arduino IDE commandline interface, documented here:

Project details

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