Skip to main content

Simple stochastic weight averaging callback for Keras.

Project description

Keras SWA - Stochastic Weight Averaging

PyPI version License

This is an implemention of SWA for Keras and TF-Keras.

Introduction

Stochastic weight averaging (SWA) is build upon the same principle as snapshot ensembling and fast geometric ensembling. The idea is that averaging select stages of training can lead to better models. Where as the two former methods average by sampling and ensembling models, SWA instead average weights. This has been shown to give comparable improvements confined into a single model.

Illustration

Paper

Installation

pip install keras-swa

SWA API

Keras callback object for SWA.

Arguments

start_epoch - Starting epoch for SWA.

lr_schedule - Learning rate schedule. 'manual' , 'constant' or 'cyclic'.

swa_lr - Learning rate used when averaging weights.

swa_lr2 - Upper bound of learning rate for the cyclic schedule.

swa_freq - Frequency of weight averagining. Used with cyclic schedules.

batch_size - Batch size. Only needed in the Keras API when using both batch normalization and a data generator.

verbose - Verbosity mode, 0 or 1.

Batch Normalization

Last epoch will be a forward pass, i.e. have learning rate set to zero, for models with batch normalization. This is due to the fact that batch normalization uses the running mean and variance of it's preceding layer to make a normalization. SWA will offset this normalization by suddenly changing the weights in the end of training. Therefore, it is necessary for the last epoch to be used to reset and recalculate batch normalization running mean and variance for the updated weights. Batch normalization gamma and beta values are preserved.

When using manual schedule: The SWA callback will set learning rate to zero in the last epoch if batch normalization is used. This must not be undone by any external learning rate schedulers for SWA to work properly.

Learning Rate Schedules

The default schedule is 'manual', allowing the learning rate to be controlled by an external learning rate scheduler or the optimizer. Then SWA will only affect the final weights and the learning rate of the last epoch if batch normalization is used. The schedules for the two predefined, 'constant' or 'cyclic' can be observed below.

lr_schedules

Example

For Keras (with constant LR)

from sklearn.datasets.samples_generator import make_blobs
from keras.utils import to_categorical
from keras.models import Sequential
from keras.layers import Dense
from keras.optimizers import SGD

from swa.keras import SWA
 
# make dataset
X, y = make_blobs(n_samples=1000, 
                  centers=3, 
                  n_features=2, 
                  cluster_std=2, 
                  random_state=2)

y = to_categorical(y)

# build model
model = Sequential()
model.add(Dense(50, input_dim=2, activation='relu'))
model.add(Dense(3, activation='softmax'))

model.compile(loss='categorical_crossentropy', 
              optimizer=SGD(lr=0.1))

epochs = 100
start_epoch = 75

# define swa callback
swa = SWA(start_epoch=start_epoch, 
          lr_schedule='constant', 
          swa_lr=0.01, 
          verbose=1)

# train
model.fit(X, y, epochs=epochs, verbose=1, callbacks=[swa])

Or for Keras in Tensorflow (with Cyclic LR)

from sklearn.datasets.samples_generator import make_blobs
from tensorflow.keras.utils import to_categorical
from tensorflow.keras.models import Sequential
from tensorflow.keras.layers import Dense
from tensorflow.keras.optimizers import SGD

from swa.tfkeras import SWA

# make dataset
X, y = make_blobs(n_samples=1000, 
                  centers=3, 
                  n_features=2, 
                  cluster_std=2, 
                  random_state=2)

y = to_categorical(y)

# build model
model = Sequential()
model.add(Dense(50, input_dim=2, activation='relu'))
model.add(Dense(3, activation='softmax'))

model.compile(loss='categorical_crossentropy', 
              optimizer=SGD(learning_rate=0.1))

epochs = 100
start_epoch = 75

# define swa callback
swa = SWA(start_epoch=start_epoch, 
          lr_schedule='cyclic', 
          swa_lr=0.001,
          swa_lr2=0.003,
          swa_freq=3,
          verbose=1)

# train
model.fit(X, y, epochs=epochs, verbose=1, callbacks=[swa])

Output

Model uses batch normalization. SWA will require last epoch to be a forward pass and will run with no learning rate
Epoch 1/100
1000/1000 [==============================] - 1s 547us/sample - loss: 0.5529
Epoch 2/100
1000/1000 [==============================] - 0s 160us/sample - loss: 0.4720
...
Epoch 74/100
1000/1000 [==============================] - 0s 160us/sample - loss: 0.4249

Epoch 00075: starting stochastic weight averaging
Epoch 75/100
1000/1000 [==============================] - 0s 164us/sample - loss: 0.4357
Epoch 76/100
1000/1000 [==============================] - 0s 165us/sample - loss: 0.4209
...
Epoch 99/100
1000/1000 [==============================] - 0s 167us/sample - loss: 0.4263

Epoch 00100: final model weights set to stochastic weight average

Epoch 00100: reinitializing batch normalization layers

Epoch 00100: running forward pass to adjust batch normalization
Epoch 100/100
1000/1000 [==============================] - 0s 166us/sample - loss: 0.4408

Collaborators

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for keras-swa, version 0.1.5
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size keras-swa-0.1.5.tar.gz (77.4 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing Datadog Datadog Monitoring DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate Facebook / Instagram Facebook / Instagram PSF Sponsor Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Salesforce Salesforce PSF Sponsor Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page