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Hook and simulate keyboard events on Windows and Linux

Project description

Take full control of your keyboard with this small Python library. Hook global events, register hotkeys, simulate key presses and much more.


  • Global event hook on all keyboards (captures keys regardless of focus).

  • Listen and sends keyboard events.

  • Works with Windows and Linux (requires sudo).

  • Pure Python, no C modules to be compiled.

  • Zero dependencies. Trivial to install and deploy, just copy the files.

  • Python 2 and 3.

  • Complex hotkey support (e.g. Ctrl+Shift+M, Ctrl+Space) with controllable timeout.

  • Includes high level API (e.g. record and play, add_abbreviation).

  • Maps keys as they actually are in your layout, with full internationalization support (e.g. Ctrl+ç).

  • Events automatically captured in separate thread, doesn’t block main program.

  • Tested and documented.

  • Doesn’t break accented dead keys (I’m looking at you, pyHook).

  • Mouse support coming soon.

This program makes no attempt to hide itself, so don’t use it for keyloggers.


Install the PyPI package:

$ sudo pip install keyboard

or clone the repository (no installation required, source files are sufficient):

$ git clone

Then check the API docs to see what features are available.


import keyboard

keyboard.press_and_release('shift+s, space')

keyboard.write('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.')

# Press PAGE UP then PAGE DOWN to type "foobar".
keyboard.add_hotkey('page up, page down', lambda: keyboard.write('foobar'))

# Blocks until you press esc.

# Record events until 'esc' is pressed.
recorded = keyboard.record(until='esc')
# Then replay back at three times the speed., speed_factor=3)

# Type @@ then press space to replace with abbreviation.
keyboard.add_abbreviation('@@', '')
# Block forever.

Known limitations:

  • Events generated under Windows don’t report device id (event.device == None). #21

  • Linux doesn’t seem to report media keys. #20

  • Currently no way to suppress keys (‘catch’ events and block them). #22

  • To avoid depending on X the Linux parts reads raw device files (/dev/input/input*) but this requries root.

  • Other applications, such as some games, may register hooks that swallow all key events. In this case keyboard will be unable to report events.

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