A console carddav client
Khard is an address book for the Linux console. It creates, reads, modifies and removes carddav address book entries at your local machine. Khard is also compatible to the email clients mutt and alot and the SIP client twinkle. You can find more information about khard and the whole synchronization process here.
Khard is developed and tested on Debian operating system, versions 7, 8 and testing but should run on all Unix-like systems.
If you encounter bugs, please contact me via email: email (at) eric-scheibler (dot) de.
Warning: If you want to create or modify contacts with khard, beware that the vcard standard is very inconsistent and lacks interoperability. Different actors in that sector have defined their own extensions and even produce non-standard output. A good example is the type value, which is tied to phone numbers, email and post addresses. Khard tries to avoid such incompatibilities but if you sync your contacts with an Android or iOS device, expect problems. You are on the save side, if you only use khard to read contacts. For further information about the vcard compatibility issues have a look into this blog post.
With version 0.11.0, khard changed from python2 to python3. So if you come from a prior khard version, it may be necessary to reinstall in a newly created python3 virtual environment.
You have to install and configure a caldav and carddav server. I recommend Baïkal.
Then you must synchronize the calendars and address books to your local machine with vdirsyncer.
And you need pip to install python modules:
sudo aptitude install python-setuptools sudo easy_install pip
Khard is installable via pip. I recommend virtualenv to create a separate python3 environment. So your system stays clean. Additionally you don’t have to struggle with different python instances, especially if your operating system still defaults to python2.
# install virtualenv package sudo pip install virtualenv # create folder for all virtualenv's and put ~/.virtualenvs/bin in your shell's executable path mkdir ~/.virtualenvs # create new python3 virtual environment with the name "khard" virtualenv -p python3 ~/.virtualenvs/khard # to install khard, use the pip command from that newly created environment # otherwise it would be installed in the users home directory ~/.virtualenvs/khard/bin/pip install khard # create subfolder for symlinks of local binaries # and don't forget to add it to your shell's executable path too mkdir ~/.virtualenvs/bin # create a symlink to the local binary folder ln -s ~/.virtualenvs/khard/bin/khard ~/.virtualenvs/bin
More information about virtualenv at http://docs.python-guide.org/en/latest/dev/virtualenvs/
If you instead want to run the source code directly, you may install required python modules by hand, clone from git and run the khard-runner.py script:
pip install --user atomicwrites configobj ruamel.yaml unidecode vobject git clone https://github.com/scheibler/khard.git cd khard/ ./khard-runner.py [action [options]]
To get the example config file and the other extra data, you can clone from git (see above) or download package from pypi:
pip install --download /tmp --no-deps --no-use-wheel khard tar xfz /tmp/khard-x.x.x.tar.gz rm /tmp/khard-x.x.x.tar.gz cd khard-x.x.x/
Now copy the example config file and adapt it’s contents to your needs:
mkdir ~/.config/khard/ cp misc/khard/khard.conf.example ~/.config/khard/khard.conf
Khard also contains a helper script called davcontroller. It’s designed to create and remove address books and calendars at the server. I have created davcontroller cause my previously used CalDAV server (Darwin calendarserver) offered no simple way to create new address books and calendars. But davcontroller should be considered as a hacky solution and it’s only tested against the Darwin calendarserver. So if your CalDAV server offers a way to create new address books and calendars I recommend to prefer that method over davcontroller.
If you nonetheless want to try davcontroller, you have to install the CalDAVClientLibrary first. Unfortunately that library isn’t compatible to python3 so you have to create an extra python2 virtual environment and install in there:
# create python2 virtual environment virtualenv -p python2 ~/.virtualenvs/davcontroller # get library from svn repository sudo aptitude install subversion svn checkout http://svn.calendarserver.org/repository/calendarserver/CalDAVClientLibrary/trunk CalDAVClientLibrary cd CalDAVClientLibrary # install library ~/.virtualenvs/davcontroller/bin/python setup.py install # start davcontroller script ~/.virtualenvs/davcontroller/bin/python /path/to/khard-x.x.x/misc/davcontroller/davcontroller.py
The following subsections give an overview of khard’s main features.
You may get general help and all available actions with
If you need help on a specific action, use:
khard action --help
Beware, that the order of the command line parameters matters.
After you have created a new address book or calendar and you have synced it to your local machine, you can list all available contacts with the following command:
or if you have more than one address book and you want to filter the output:
khard list -a addressbook1,addressbook2
The resulting contact table only contains the first phone number and email address. If you want to view all contact details you can pick one from the list:
or search for it:
khard details [--strict-search] name of contact
or select the contact by it’s uid, which you can find at the contacts table:
khard details -u ID
The parameters -a and -u from the examples above are always optional. If you don’t use them or your input produces unambiguous results, you may pick the contacts from a list instead.
The search parameter searches in all data fields. Therefore you aren’t limited to the contact’s name but you also could for example search for a part of a phone number, email address or post address. However if you explicitly want to narrow your search to the name field, you may use the –strict-search parameter instead.
Add new contact with the following command:
khard new [-a "address book name"]
The template for the new contact opens in the text editor, which you can set in the khard.conf file. It follows the yaml syntax.
Alternatively you can create the contact from stdin:
echo """ First name : John Last name : Smith Email : work : firstname.lastname@example.org Phone : home : xxx 555 1234 Categories : - cat1 - cat2 - cat3 """ | khard new [-a "address book name"]
or create from input template file:
khard new -i contact.yaml [-a "address book name"]
You may get an empty contact template with the following command:
khard export --empty-contact-template -o empty.yaml
Per default khard creates vcards of version 3.0. If your other contact applications support vcards of the more recent version 4.0, you may change this with the option –vcard-version. Example:
khard new --vcard-version=4.0 [-a "address book name"]
For a more permanent solution you may set the preferred_version parameter in the vcard section of the khard config file (see misc/khard/khard.conf.example for more details). But beware, that khard cannot convert already existing contacts from version 3.0 to 4.0. Therefore this setting is not applicable to the modify action.
Use the following to modify the contact after successful creation:
khard modify [-a addr_name] [-u uid|search terms [search terms ...]]
If you want to edit the contact elsewhere, you can export the filled contact template:
khard export -o contact.yaml [-a addr_name] [-u uid|search terms [search terms ...]]
Edit the yaml file and re-import either through stdin:
cat contact.yaml | khard modify [-a addr_name] [-u uid|search terms [search terms ...]]
or file name:
khard modify -i contact.yaml [-a addr_name] [-u uid|search terms [search terms ...]]
If you want to merge contacts use the following to select a first and then a second contact:
khard merge [-a source_abook] [-u uid|search terms [search terms ...]] [-A target_abook] [-U target_uid|-t target_search_terms]
You will be launched into your merge_editor ( see the “merge_editor” option in khard.conf) where you can merge all changes from the first selected contact onto the second. Once you are finished, the first contact is deleted and the second one updated.
Copy or move contact:
khard copy [-a source_abook] [-u uid|search terms [search terms ...]] [-A target_abook] khard move [-a source_abook] [-u uid|search terms [search terms ...]] [-A target_abook]
khard remove [-a addr_name] [-u uid|search terms [search terms ...]]
This small script helps to create and remove new address books and calendars at the carddav and caldav server.
List available resources:
davcontroller -H example.com -p 11111 -u USERNAME -P PASSWORD list
Possible actions are: list, new-addressbook, new-calendar and remove. After creating or removing you must adapt your vdirsyncer config.
Khard may be used as an external address book for the email client mutt. To accomplish that, add the following to your mutt config file (mostly ~/.mutt/muttrc):
set query_command= "khard email --parsable '%s'" bind editor <Tab> complete-query bind editor ^T complete
Then you can complete email addresses by pressing the Tab-key in mutt’s new mail dialog. If your address books contain hundreds or even thousands of contacts and the query process is very slow, you may try the –search-in-source-files option to speed up the search:
set query_command= "khard email --parsable --search-in-source-files '%s'"
To add email addresses to khard’s address book, you may also add the following lines to your muttrc file:
macro index,pager A \ "<pipe-message>khard add-email<return>" \ "add the sender email address to khard"
Then navigate to an email message in mutt’s index view and press “A” to start the address import dialog.
Add the following lines to your alot config file:
[accounts] [[youraccount]] [[[abook]]] type = shellcommand command = khard email --parsable regexp = '^(?P<email>[^@]+@[^\t]+)\t+(?P<name>[^\t]+)' ignorecase = True
For those who also use the SIP client twinkle to take phone calls, khard can be used to query incoming numbers. The plugin tries to find the incoming caller id and speaks it together with the phone’s ring tone. The plugin needs the following programs:
sudo aptitude install ffmpeg espeak sox mpc
sox and ffmpeg are used to cut and convert the new ring tone and espeak speaks the caller id. mpc is a client for the music player daemon (mpd). It’s required to stop music during an incoming call. Skip the last, if you don’t use mpd. Don’t forget to set the “stop_music”-parameter in the config.py file to False too.
After the installation, copy the scripts and sounds folders to your twinkle config folder:
cp -R misc/twinkle/* ~/.twinkle/
Then edit your twinkle config file (mostly ~/.twinkle/twinkle.cfg) like this:
# RING TONES # We need a default ring tone. Otherwise the phone would not ring at all, if something with the # custom ring tone creation goes wrong. ringtone_file=/home/USERNAME/.twinkle/sounds/incoming_call.wav ringback_file=/home/USERNAME/.twinkle/sounds/outgoing_call.wav # SCRIPTS script_incoming_call=/home/USERNAME/.twinkle/scripts/incoming_call.py script_in_call_answered= script_in_call_failed=/home/USERNAME/.twinkle/scripts/incoming_call_failed.py script_outgoing_call= script_out_call_answered= script_out_call_failed= script_local_release=/home/USERNAME/.twinkle/scripts/incoming_call_ended.py script_remote_release=/home/USERNAME/.twinkle/scripts/incoming_call_ended.py
The file misc/zsh/_khard contains a zsh completion definition for khard.
Install by copying to a directory where zsh searches for completion functions (the $fpath array). If you, for example, put all completion functions into the folder ~/.zsh/completions you must add the following to your zsh main config file:
fpath=( $HOME/.zsh/completions $fpath ) autoload -U compinit compinit
Use the wrapper script misc/sdiff/sdiff_khard_wrapper.sh if you want to use sdiff as your contact merging tool. Just make the script executable and set it as your merge editor in khard’s config file:
merge_editor = /path/to/sdiff_khard_wrapper.sh
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