Kids python ANSI string library
kids.ansi is a Python library providing helpers when writing command line utilities in python. It’s part of ‘Kids’ (for Keep It Dead Simple) library, but can be used with no extra dependencies.
This code is in alpha stage. Some part of it are ongoing reflexions. What is documented here shouldn’t change much, and is actually working.
- Access and insert ANSI escape sequences manualy.
- Or use the aformat wrapper for full abstraction.
Note that it’s very close to what termcolor does.
kids.ansi features a aformat function to return a string ready for print with the ansi character inside:
>>> from kids.ansi import aformat >>> aformat("You", fg="red") aformat('\x1b[31mYou\x1b[39m') >>> aformat("Hello You, how are you?", fg="black", bg="blue", attrs=["bold", ]) aformat('\x1b[30m\x1b[44mHello You, how are you?\x1b[39m\x1b[49m')
Notice that aformat is somewhat clever
>>> you = aformat("You", fg="red") >>> aformat("Hello, Are " + you + " Well", fg="blue") aformat('\x1b[34mHello, Are \x1b[31mYou\x1b[34m Well\x1b[39m')
Notice how the ending ansi sequence of the you sets back the blue color and not the default one. So the word “Well” still appears in blue.
aformat is clever, but still with some limitation, hitting mainly string interpolation:
>>> aformat("Hello, Are %s Well" % you, fg="blue") aformat('\x1b[34mHello, Are \x1b[31mYou\x1b[39m Well\x1b[39m')
The word “Well” is NOT in blue. This is an issue.
Access to ansi sequences
Access to raw ANSI color sequence can be done via FG, BG, ATTR, and CTL attritbutes dicts:
>>> from kids.ansi import FG, BG, ATTR, CTL >>> FG.white '\x1b[37m' >>> BG.red '\x1b[41m' >>> BG.default '\x1b[49m' >>> ATTR.bold '\x1b[1m' >>> ATTR.unbold '\x1b[21m' >>> CTL.reset '\x1b[0m'
As these are dicts, and you don’t remember all the accessible keys, you can introspect them easily:
>>> sorted(ATTR) ## doctest: +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE ['blink', 'bold', 'conceal', 'faint', 'italic', 'reverse', 'strike', 'unblink', 'unbold', 'unconceal', 'underline', 'unfaint', 'unitalic', 'unreverse', 'unstrike', 'ununderline']
You could then:
>>> "Hmm " + FG.red + "Hello" + FG.default + " you." 'Hmm \x1b[31mHello\x1b[39m you.'
And print it.