Skip to main content

Korean Conjugation Paradigm Generator

Project description

KoParadigm: A Korean Conjugation Paradigm Generator

This is the offical repo for our paper: KoParadigm: A Korean Conjugation Paradigm Generator

(Inflectional) paradigm means the set of all the inflected forms of a word. For example, English verb "look" has inflected forms like "look", "look-s", "look-ed", and "look-ing", as all of you know. Paradigms are widely used in corpus linguistics or search engines. To create the full paradigm set of a language is sometimes tricky. It is particularly so when we deal with a morphologically rich language like Korean. Inflection of Korean verbs is notorisouly complicated. Typically, a Korean verb can combine with more than 100 endings. What is worse, the combination rules are not simple at all. They are determined by the sound of the verb/ending, and the part-of-speech of the verb (action / descriptive). That's why so far there's no open sources of Korean paradigm generator, I think. Here's the first one. With KoParadigm, you can easily get the full paradigm of a Korean verb.


  • python >=3.6
  • jamo >=0.4.1
  • xlrd == 1.2.0


pip install koparadigm


>>> from koparadigm import Paradigm, prettify
>>> p = Paradigm()
>>> verb = "곱" # Note that you must drop the final ending 다
>>> paradigms = p.conjugate(verb) # this returns list of lists
>>> print(paradigms)
[['Action Verb', [('거나', '곱거나'), ('거늘', '곱거늘'), ('거니', '곱거니') ...]]]
>>> prettify(paradigms)
POS = Action Verb
• ending = 거나 form = 곱거나
• ending = 거늘 form = 곱거늘
• ending = 거니 form = 곱거니
==================== 2 ====================
POS = Descriptive Verb
• ending = 거나 form = 곱거나
• ending = 거늘 form = 곱거늘
• ending = 거니 form = 곱거니
• ending = 거니와 form = 곱거니와


If you use our software for research, please cite:

  author = {Park, Kyubyong },
  title={KoParadigm: A Korean Conjugation Paradigm Generator},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2004.13221},

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

koparadigm-0.10.0.tar.gz (1.6 MB view hashes)

Uploaded source

Built Distribution

koparadigm-0.10.0-py3-none-any.whl (1.6 MB view hashes)

Uploaded py3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page