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An API for managing KVM host.

Project description

This module aims to manage KVM hypervisors. For this it use the unix module which allow to manage Unix-like systems, both locally and remotely, in the same by overloading class instances. This module is just a wrapper to the virsh command. It parse outputs of the virsh command (both XML and text). Commands are grouped in childs objects accessible via properties.

Installation

This module is compatible with python2.7 and python 3.*. The module is on PyPi so you can use the pip command for installing it.

For example, to use kvm in a virtualenv:

$ virtualenv env/ --prompt "(myprog)"
$ . ./env/bin/activate
(myprog) $ pip install kvm

Otherwise sources are on github: https://github.com/fmenabe/python-kvm

Usage

You need to import the necessary classes from unix module. An hypervisor is represented by the Hypervisor object and must wrap an object of type unix.Local or unix.Remote. It theorically support any Unix system, but disks manipulations need nbd module to be loaded so it is better to use an unix.linux.Linux host.

>>> from unix import Local, Remote, UnixError
>>> from unix.linux import Linux
>>> import kvm
>>> import json
>>> localhost = kvm.Hypervisor(Linux(Local()))
>>> localhost.hypervisor.nodeinfo()
{'nb_cpu': 1,
 'nb_threads_per_core': 2,
 'memory': 16331936,
 'numa_cells': 1,
 'cpu_model': 'x86_64',
 'nb_cores_per_cpu': 4,
 'nb_cores': 8,
 'cpu_freq': 1340}
>>> localhost.list_domains(all=True)
{'guest1': {'id': -1, 'state': 'shut off'}}
{'guest2': {'id': 1, 'state': 'running'}}
>>> localhost.domain.start('guest1')
# Wait a few seconds for the domain to start.
>>> localhost.domain.state('guest1')
'running'
>>> localhost.domain.id('guest1')
2
>>> print(json.dumps(localhost.domain.conf('guest1'), indent=2))
# json is use for pretty printing the dictionnary containing the
# configuration.
{
  "@type": "kvm",
  "name": "guest1",
  "uuid": "ed68d942-5d4b-7bba-4d74-7d44d73779d3",
  "memory": {
    "@unit": "KiB",
    "#text": "2097152"
  },
  ...
}
>>> localhost.list_networks()
{'default': {'autostart': True, 'persistent': True, 'state': 'active'}}

>>> host = unix.Remote()
>>> host.connect('hypervisor1')
>>> host = kvm.Hypervisor(Linux(host)
>>> host.hypervisor.nodeinfo()
{'cores_per_socket': 12,
 'cpu_frequency': '2200 MHz',
 'cpu_model': 'x86_64',
 'cpu_sockets': 2,
 'cpus': 24,
 'memory_size': '98974432 kB',
 'numa_cells': 1,
 'threads_per_core': 1}
>>> host.list_domains(all=True)
{'guest1': {'id': 1, 'state': 'running'}}
{'guest2': {'id': 2, 'state': 'running'}}
>>> host.domain.shutdown('guest2')
# Wait for the domain to stop.
>>> host.domain.state('guest1')
'shut off'

Project details


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1.1.0

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