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Lambdex turns pex files into aws lambda python functions.

Project description


lambdex turns pex files into aws lambda functions.

pex is a tool that simplifies packaging python environments and is ideally suited for aws lambda. lambdex takes pex files and turns them into aws lambda functions, allowing you to more easily run complex applications in the cloud.

aws lambda documentation and concepts can be found here.

using the lambdex cli

The lambdex cli has two subcommands: build and test. build further has two possible modes of operation: by specifying an entry point that already exists within the pex file (-e) or by specifying an external script and handler to embed within the pex file (-s/-H).

step 1: package a pex file

First you must package a pex file. Assuming you already have the pex tool and a requirements.txt, you can simply run

pex -r requirements.txt -o lambda_function.pex

to produce a pex file containing the requirements. If you must build a pex file with platform-specific extensions, see the tips section below for more information about building Amazon Linux-specific extensions.

step 2: add lambdex handler

This can be done one of two ways, depending on where your code lives.

If you have a handler function named 'handler' in package 'mymodule.myapp' that is already contained within lambda_function.pex, then you can simply run

lambdex build -e mymodule.myapp:handler lambda_function.pex

If you have a script with a lambda handler named my_handler, you would instead run

lambdex build -s -H my_handler lambda_function.pex

This bundles within the pex environment and instructs lambdex to call the python function my_handler when being invoked by AWS.

If you would like to build a GCP Cloud Function, you will need to specify the name of the entrypoint module to be

lambdex build -s -M

step 3 (optional): test your lambdex function

Once you have created a lambdex file, you can test it as if it were being invoked by Amazon using lambdex test. Given a lambdex package lambda_function.pex, you can either send it an empty json event using

lambdex test --empty lambda_function.pex

You can alternately supply a list of files containing json structs e.g.

lambdex test lambda_function.pex event1.json event2.json ...

Testing a GCP HTTP Cloud Function requires specifying the type.

lambdex test --type gcp-http

Note: In order to test GCP HTTP Cloud Functions, you must be using pex v1.6 or greater.

step 4: upload lambda function

You can create/update lambda functions via the AWS Console, or you can do it via the CLI using aws lambda create-function or aws lambda update-function-code respectively.

NOTE: When creating the function, you must specify the AWS Lambda handler as lambdex_handler.handler. Via the CLI, this is the --handler flag. This is the wrapper injected by lambdex that manages invocation of your code.

Do not confuse this with the -H option to lambdex build.


building amazon linux pex files

Most simple dependencies have no platform-specific extensions and thus can be built anywhere. However there are a number of popular packages (e.g. numpy, scipy, matplotlib, PIL, ...) that require building C extensions that can prove tricky to get packaged correctly.

Amazon provides an amazonlinux docker image which can be useful for building platform-specific extensions to run on AWS Lambda. See documentation for information about that image.

The minimum Dockerfile to produce can environment that can build Amazon Linux-specific pex files can be found here

controlling runtime execution

To override the entry point that was specified at build time, you can use the LAMBDEX_ENTRY_POINT env var:

LAMBDEX_ENTRY_POINT=mymodule.myapp:other_handler ...

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