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A tool to create linked list, binary tree and graph from array or dictionary for the ease of local test.

Project description

LeetCode Toolkit (lctk)

GitHub page:

lctk is tool for creating LeetCode test cases for the ease of local testing.

Note: support for tree nodes with value 0 is fixed in version 0.0.5.

1. Introduction

LeetCode is a website where people can improve their coding skills and get prepared for techical interviews by solving coding problems and discussing with other people. Users can use the online judge (OJ) to run and test their codes within the brower. But the OJ could sometimes be slow, due to network limit or server overflow, which is not very convenient and efficient, especially when submitting frequently. Therefore, some users prefer to write and test their codes locally for a more convenient test (and a better looking submission history :p).

But for some of the problems, where the inputs are customised data structures, such as linked list, binary tree and graph, it's difficult to come up with test cases locally, while LeetCode uses built-in data structures to represent them, which makes it much easier to create test cases. For example, linked lists and binary trees are represented by arrays, and graphs are represented by dictionaries.

This tool helps users with creating linked list, binary tree, and graph locally from array or dictionary, for the ease of local testing.

2. Installation

If pip is installed, type the following command in the terminal to install this package

pip install lctk

To install pip, refer here.

3. Usage

First import this package simply using

import lctk

3.1 Linked List


lctk.linkedList(arr, cyclePos = -1)

Linked list is represented by array in LeetCode's console. To create the equivalent linked list from an array, use the following command

head = lctk.linkedList(arr)

head would be the head node (a ListNode object) of the linked list represented by the input array arr.

Additionally, if you want to construct a linked list that has a cycle, just simply specify the position that the cycle begins (0-indexed). For example:

head = lctk.linkedList(arr, 2)

To print the values in a linked list, use the linkedList2Arr function, which also works with linked list that has a cycle.

arr = lctk.linkedList2Arr(linkedList)

PS: the definition of ListNode:

class ListNode:
	def __init__(self, x):
		self.val = x = None

3.2 Binary Tree

Similar with linked list, a binary tree is also represented by an array in LeetCode's console, and the order is a layer-wise, left-to-right travesal of the tree.

Given an input array arr that represents a binary tree, the following command

root = lctk.binaryTree(arr)

where root would be the root node (a TreeNode object) of the equivalent binary tree.

You can also do the opposite, getting the array representation of a binary tree given a TreeNode root using

arr = lctk.binaryTree2Arr(root)


>>> inArr = [1, 2, 3, 4, None, 5, None, 6, None, None, None, 7]
>>> root = lctk.binaryTree(inArr)
>>> outArr = lctk.binaryTree2Arr(root)
>>> inArr == outArr

The definition of TreeNode:

class TreeNode:
	def __init__(self, x):
		self.val = x
		self.left = None
		self.right = None

3.3 Graph (Directed and Undirected)

In LeetCode, a graph is typically represented by a dictionary, just like that in Leetcode #133: Clone Graph.

root = lctk.graph(inDict)

root would be the root node (a GraphNode object) of the graph represented by the input dictionary inDict. The definition of graph node:

As always, you can also get the dictionary representation given a GraphNode root using

outDict = lctk.graph2Dict(root)


>>> inDict = {"$id":"1","neighbors":[{"$id":"2","neighbors":[{"$ref":"1"},{"$id":"3","neighbors":[{"$ref":"2"},{"$id":"4","neighbors":[{"$ref":"3"},{"$ref":"1"}],"val":4}],"val":3}],"val":2},{"$ref":"4"}],"val":1}
>>> root = lctk.graph(inDict)
>>> outDict = lctk.graph2Dict(root)
>>> inDict == outDict

The definition of GraphNode:

class GraphNode:
	def __init__(self, x):
		self.val = x
		self.neighbors = []

4. Conclusion

If there were any error or suggestions, please let me know through the GitHub repository page shown above.

Happy LeetCoding!

Version History

0.0.1: Initial version.

0.0.2: Added supported for linked list with cycle.

0.0.3: Fixed bugs.

0.0.4: Corrected the wrong usage description of linkedList API.

0.0.5: Fixed an error handling TreeNode with value 0 (@ew-git).

0.0.6: Fixed a typo (@roachsinai).

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