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A code analyzer without caring the C/C++ header files. It works with Java, C/C++, JavaScript, Python, Objective C. Metrics includes cyclomatic complexity number etc.

Project description


Was hfcca, A Header Free Cyclomatic Complexity Analyzer.

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Visit the tool website |Web Site|

lizard is a simple code complexity analyzer without caring about the
C/C++ header files or Java imports. It can deal with

- C/C++ (works with C++14)
- Java
- JavaScript
- Objective C.
- Python
- TTCN-3
- Swift (coming soon)

It counts

- the nloc (lines of code without comments),
- CCN (cyclomatic complexity number),
- token count of functions.
- parameter count of functions.

You can set limitation for CCN (-C), the number of parameters (-a).
Functions that exceed these limitations will generate warnings. The exit
code of lizard will be none-Zero if there are warnings.

This tool actually calculates how complex the code 'looks' rather than
how complex the code real 'is'. People will need this tool because it's
often very hard to get all the included folders and files right when
they are complicated. But we don't really need that kind of accuracy for
cyclomatic complexity.

It requires python2.7 or above (early versions are not verified).

------------ can be used as a stand alone Python script, most
functionalities are there. You can always use it without any
installation. To acquire all the functionalities of lizard, you will
need a proper install.



If you want a proper install:


[sudo] pip install lizard

Or if you've got the source:


[sudo] python install



lizard [options] [PATH or FILE] [PATH] ...

Run for the code under current folder (recursively):



Exclude anything in the tests folder:


lizard mySource/ -x"./tests/*"

You can also find a tutorial by @jxieeducation (Jason Xie) from here:



-h, --help show this help message and exit
--version show program's version number and exit
List the programming languages you want to analyze. if
left empty, it'll search for all languages it knows.
lizard -l cpp -l java
searches for C++ and Java code.
The available languages are: cpp, java, javascript,
python, objectivec, ttcn
-V, --verbose Output in verbose mode (long function name)
-C CCN, --CCN CCN Threshold for cyclomatic complexity number warning.
The default value is 15. Functions with CCN bigger
than it will generate warning
-L LENGTH, --length LENGTH
Threshold for maximum function length warning. The
default value is 1000. Functions length bigger than it
will generate warning
Limit for number of parameters
-w, --warnings_only Show warnings only, using clang/gcc's warning format
for printing warnings.
-i NUMBER, --ignore_warnings NUMBER
If the number of warnings is equal or less than the
number, the tool will exit normally, otherwise it will
generate error. Useful in makefile for legacy code.
-x EXCLUDE, --exclude EXCLUDE
Exclude files that match this pattern. * matches
everything, ? matches any single character,
"./folder/*" exclude everything in the folder
recursively. Multiple patterns can be specified. Don't
forget to add "" around the pattern.
-X, --xml Generate XML in cppncss style instead of the tabular
output. Useful to generate report in Jenkins server
number of working threads. The default value is 1.
Using a bigger number can fully utilize the CPU and
often faster.
-m, --modified Calculate modified cyclomatic complexity number
User the extensions. The available extensions are:
-Ecpre: it will ignore code in the #else branch.
-Ewordcount: count word frequencies and generate tag
cloud. -Eoutside: include the global code as one
Sort the warning with field. The field can be nloc,
cyclomatic_complexity, token_count, parameter_count,
etc. Or an customized file.
The path and file name to the whitelist file. It's
'./whitelizard.txt' by default.

Example use

Analyze a folder recursively: lizard mahjong\_game/src


NLOC CCN token param function@line@file
10 2 29 2 start_new_player@26@./html_game.c
6 1 3 0 set_shutdown_flag@449@./httpd.c
24 3 61 1 server_main@454@./httpd.c
2 file analyzed.
LOC Avg.NLOC AvgCCN Avg.ttoken function_cnt file
191 15 3 51 12 ./html_game.c
363 24 4 86 15 ./httpd.c

!!!! Warnings (CCN > 15) !!!!
66 19 247 1 accept_request@64@./httpd.c
Total NLOC Avg.NLOC Avg CCN Avg token Fun Cnt Warning cnt Fun Rt NLOC Rt
554 20 4.07 71.15 27 1 0.04 0.12

Warnings only (in clang/gcc formation):lizard -w mahjong\_game


./src/html_ui/httpd.c:64: warning: accept_request has 19 CCN and 1 params (66 NLOC, 247 tokens)
./src/mahjong_game/mj_table.c:109: warning: mj_table_update_state has 20 CCN and 1 params (72 NLOC, 255 tokens)

Generate A Tag Cloud For Your Code

You can generate a "Tag cloud" of your code by the following command. It counts the identifiers in your code (ignoring the comments).


lizard -EWordCount <path to your code>

Using lizard as Python module

You can also use lizard as a Python module in your code:

.. code:: python

>>> import lizard
>>> i = lizard.analyze_file("../cpputest/tests/AllTests.cpp")
>>> print i.__dict__
{'nloc': 9, 'function_list': [<lizard.FunctionInfo object at 0x10bf7af10>], 'filename': '../cpputest/tests/AllTests.cpp'}
>>> print i.function_list[0].__dict__
{'cyclomatic_complexity': 1, 'token_count': 22, 'name': 'main', 'parameter_count': 2, 'nloc': 3, 'long_name': 'main( int ac , const char ** av )', 'start_line': 30}

You can also use source code string instead of file. But you need to
provide a file name (to identify the language).

.. code:: python

>>> i = lizard.analyze_file.analyze_source_code("AllTests.cpp", "int foo(){}")


If for some reason you would like to ignore the warnings, you can use
the whitelist. Add 'whitelizard.txt' to the current folder (or use -W to point to the whitelist file), then the
functions defined in the file will be ignored. Please notice that if you assign the file pathname, it need to
be exactly the same relative path as Lizard find the file. An easy way to get the file pathname is copy it from
the Lizard warning output.
This is an example whitelist:


#The file name can only be whitelizard.txt and put it in the current folder.
#You may have commented lines begin with #.
function_name1, function_name2 # list function names in mulitple lines or split with comma.
file/path/name:function1, function2 # you can also specify the filename

Options in Comments

You can use options in the comments of the source code to change the
behavior of lizard. By putting "#lizard forgives" inside a function or
before a function it will suppress the warning for that function.


int foo() {
// #lizard forgives the complexity

Wishlist (The features that will come in the near future)
- Support Ruby

Change Logs
- 2015.12.12 Add the -l option to filter language
- 2015.10.22 TTCN-3 added by @gustafj
- 2015.10.06 Add C++11 uniform constructor initialization. Thanks to @rakhimov
- 2015.01.09 Add C preprocessor back by -Ecpre. it will ignore all the #else branch in the C/C++ code.
- 2015.01.07 pass test for linux kernal and other popular open source C/C++ code.
- 2014.04.07 Remove option -e (display function end line), and make it default
- 2014.04.06 Remove option -d (ignore duplicated content), and make it default
- 2014.04.06 Remove option -p (no preprocessor count), and a '#if' will always be counted in cyclomatic complexity
- 2014.03.31 Support JavaScript!
- 2014.03.22 Change the -v (--verbose) option to -V. This is because -v
will be used for --version.

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