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A unified representation of League of Legends-related information.

Project description

Code style: black

LoL Game DTO

A unified Data Transfer Object for League of Legends games. Currently developed by Tolki, FatalElement, and Kalturi.

⚠ This project is still a work in progress and not ready for release yet ⚠

Motivation

League of Legends game information can come in many forms. The most popular source is Riot’s API and in particular its MATCH-V4 endpoint, which defines its own MatchDto and MatchTimelineDto objects. While other sources of information could follow Riot’s data format, requiring multiple objects to represent a single game and being constrained by Riot’s data format is inconvenient.

This is why creating a unique, community-driven representation of League of Legends game data will help communication and teamwork in open source projects. Improving the data structure will also make the data more accessible to new developers, and will make existing libraries easier to maintain.

Constraints

  • Retain all the information present in the Riot API

  • Allow for external information, like role, to be added to the object

  • Be compatible across a wide variety of programming languages

General philosophy

  • We try to adhere to the Google JSON Style Guide
  • Information is as close as possible to the objects it refers to
    • Player-specific information is directly under player objects
    • Team-wide information is directly under team objects
  • Information is not duplicated
    • winner is only defined once in the game object
  • Field names are coherent and comply with modern LoL nomenclature
    • Every field that is an identifier ends with id
    • Fields like cs or monstersKilled use current game vocabulary (as of June 2020)
    • All durations from the game start are expressed in seconds

null

The null value should only be used for unknown information. The best practice is to not have unknown fields in the object to keep it as light as possible.

lol_dto

This repository hosts a python reference implementation in the form of a TypedDict.

A TypedDict does not enforce constraints but will raise linter warnings and allows IDEs to autocomplete field names.

Another module focused on transforming MatchDto and MatchTimelineDto to a LolGame can be found here. Its unit tests and JSON examples are useful sources to better understand the data structure.

LolGame DTO overview

game: dict
├── sources: dict
├── teams: dict
│   ├── bans: list
│   ├── monstersKills: list
│   ├── buildingsKills: list
│   └── players: list
│       ├── uniqueIdentifiers: dict
│       ├── endOfGameStats: dict
│       │   └── items: list
│       ├── summonersSpells: list
│       ├── runes: list
│       ├── snapshots: list
│       ├── itemsEvents: list
│       ├── wardsEvents: list
│       └── skillsEvents: list
└── kills: list

Game

  • sources represents unique identifiers for this game for a given data source
    • "riotLolApi": { "gameId": 4409190456, "platformId": "KR" }
  • teams is a dictionary with keys equal to 'BLUE' or 'RED'
  • kills are present directly at the root of the game object as they refer to multiple players through killerId, victimId, and assistingParticipantsIds
    • ⚠ This is open to discussion and could be changed before the first release ⚠
    • We have to rely on the arbitrary participantId given by the Riot API because:
      • Relying on championId makes it incompatible with blind pick
      • Relying on inGameName does not work for MatchTimeline objects from the Riot API
  • picks_bans will be added in the near future for esports games and will represent the full picks and bans ⚠

Team

  • bans is a simple list of id of champions banned by the team.
  • monsterKills and buildingKills are at the team level because they are team-wide
    • They both define their own BuildingKillEvent and MonsterKillEvent DTOs that are very different from Riot’s API
  • players are simply in a list because no unique key arises
    • roles are not guaranteed to be defined and unique

Player

  • id refers to Riot API’s participantId and is unfortunately necessary to be able to link different objects coming from it
  • uniqueIdentifiers is similar to game['sources'] in that it represents a unique identifier for the player in the specified data source
    • "riotLolApi": { "accountId": "3VcaXNMW8jq3adCqG0k0RPBaxoNL08NFXH_h4_2sKI_iEKw", "platformId": "KR" }
  • endOfGameStats represents statistics that are only available at the end of the game, including end of game items as well as kills, totalDamageDealtToChampions, ...
  • snapshots is a list of timestamped information about the player, mostly gold and position at given timestamps
  • itemsEvents are item-related events from players (buying, selling, undoing, destroying)
  • wardsEvents are ward-related events from players (placing, destroying)
  • skillsLevelUpEvents are skills level up events from players

Contributing

Currently wanted contribution are:

  • Feedback about the data structure and field names
  • Implementation of the data structure in other programming languages
  • C functions to cast Riot API objects to this LolGame DTO as multiple languages can bind to them

Project details


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