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Project Description
==========
lovely.tal
==========

the lovely tal package is meant to contain new tal:expressions

TextFormatter
=============

option replace:
takes a list of tuples, which characters or strings should be replaced by
what, e.g. ``replace python:[(origChar, repChar), (origChar2, repChar2),
...]``

option allow:
takes a list of html-tags which shall be allowed in the string e.g. ``allow
python:['a', 'br', 'ul', 'li']`` if this option is not set, the string is
restricted to contain no html-tags, therefor the ``< `` and ``>`` are
beeing replaced with ``&lt; ``, ``&gt;``

option allow-all:
allow all html-tags in the string e.g. ``allow-all: 'True'``

option break-string:
force the string to break after a given number of characters e.g.
``break-string python:25`` breaks the string after a sequence of 25
characters not containing a linebreak

option cut:
cuts a string to the given length

option attach:
works only together with option ``cut``, attaches the given string to the
expression, if this is longer than number of characters given in option
``cut``

option urlparse:
parsing of http:// or www. strings to hyperlinks, got a dictonary of parameters
e.g. urlparse python:{'rel':'nofollow','target':'_blank', allready existing
anchor tags are extended with the parameters in the dictionary, image tags
stay untouched in this whole parsing process

Example::

<span tal:define="replace python:[('\n', '<br />')];
allow python:['a', 'br'];
break-string python:25;
urlparse python:{'rel':'nofollow','target':'_blank'};
cut python 25;
attach '...'"
tal:content="structure textFormatter: view/description">Description</span>

Lets see if the TextFormatter does what we want him to.

We have to fake a context object to call the textformatter::

>>> class Context(object):
... vars = {}
... def __init__(self, vars):
... self.vars = vars
>>> from lovely.tal.textformatter import TextFormatter
>>> from zope.tales.expressions import simpleTraverse
>>> from zope.app.pagetemplate.engine import TrustedZopeEngine
>>> tf = TextFormatter('textFormatter', 'view/title', TrustedZopeEngine(),
... simpleTraverse)
>>> context = Context({})
>>> tf._doFormat('<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a>', context)
'&lt;a href="#" name="foolink"&gt;foolink&lt;/a&gt;'
>>> tf._doFormat('<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a><br />'
... '<form action="."><input type="text" /></form>', context)
'&lt;a href="#" name="foolink"&gt;foolink&lt;/a&gt;&lt;br /&gt;&lt;form action="."&gt;&lt;input type="text" /&gt;&lt;/form&gt;'

if we provide an empty context, the textformatter translates all html-tags to
``&lt; &gt;``

Option 'allow'
==============

We can allow certain html-tags in the text::

>>> context = Context({'allow':['a']})
>>> tf._doFormat('<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a><br /><form action="."><input type="text" /></form>', context)
'<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a>&lt;br /&gt;&lt;form action="."&gt;&lt;input type="text" /&gt;&lt;/form&gt;'
>>> context = Context({'allow':['a', 'br']})
>>> tf._doFormat('<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a><br /><form action="."><input type="text" /></form>', context)
'<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a><br />&lt;form action="."&gt;&lt;input type="text" /&gt;&lt;/form&gt;'
>>> context = Context({'allow':['a', 'br', 'form']})
>>> tf._doFormat('<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a><br /><form action="."><input type="text" /></form>', context)
'<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a><br /><form action=".">&lt;input type="text" /&gt;</form>'

In the above example, still the content of the form tag is translated

Lets try to write dirty html::

>>> context = Context({'allow':['a', 'br', 'form']})
>>> tf._doFormat('< a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</ a><br/>< form action="."><input type="text" /></form >', context)
'&lt; a href="#" name="foolink"&gt;foolink&lt;/ a&gt;<br/>&lt; form action="."&gt;&lt;input type="text" /&gt;&lt;/form &gt;'

Since the a-tag and the form-tag are not valid html, they are translated, although we declared them to be allowed
We get the same result if we do not allow them::

>>> context = Context({'allow':['br']})
>>> tf._doFormat('< a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</ a><br/>< form action="."><input type="text" /></form >', context)
'&lt; a href="#" name="foolink"&gt;foolink&lt;/ a&gt;<br/>&lt; form action="."&gt;&lt;input type="text" /&gt;&lt;/form &gt;'

Option 'allow-all'
==================

We can allow all html-tags::

>>> context = Context({'allow-all':True})
>>> tf._doFormat('<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a><br /><form action="."><input type="text" /></form>', context)
'<a href="#" name="foolink">foolink</a><br /><form action="."><input type="text" /></form>'

Option 'replace'
================

We can replace characters or strings, e.g. we would like to replace the '\n' character by '<br />'
to display the text properly::

>>> context = Context({'replace':[('\n', '<br />')]})
>>> tf._doFormat('das Schwein, \n das aus der Wueste kam', context)
'das Schwein, <br /> das aus der Wueste kam'

we can also replace strings::

>>> context = Context({'replace':[('\n', '<br />'), ('Schwein', 'Kamel')]})
>>> tf._doFormat('das Schwein, \n das aus der Wueste kam', context)
'das Kamel, <br /> das aus der Wueste kam'

Option 'break-string'
=====================

Another option is to break strings after a given number of characters n, in case there
was no break or '\s' in the last n characters::

>>> context = Context({'break-string':8})
>>> tf._doFormat('das Schwein, das aus der Wueste kam', context)
'das<br />Schwein,<br />das aus<br />der<br />Wueste<br />kam'
>>> context = Context({'break-string':8})
>>> tf._doFormat('ein superlangerstring mit ein paar kurzen strings', context)
'ein<br />superlan<br />gerstrin<br />g mit<br />ein paar<br />kurzen<br />strings'

Also multi line text works::

>>> context = Context({'break-string':40})
>>> res = tf._doFormat("""
... ein superlangerstring mit ein paar kurzen strings.
...
... - another line
...
... - another long string which needs to break
... and this needs to break twice because it is longer than 80 characters, hopefully it works
... """, context)
>>> print res.replace('<br />', '\n')
<BLANKLINE>
ein superlangerstring mit ein paar
kurzen strings.
<BLANKLINE>
- another line
<BLANKLINE>
- another long string which needs to
break
and this needs to break twice because it
is longer than 80 characters, hopefully
it works
<BLANKLINE>
>>> context = Context({'break-string':20, 'allow':['br']})
>>> text = u'eins zwei drei vier fuenf sechs sieben,<br />'
>>> text += u'in der Schule wird geschrieben,<br />'
>>> text += u'in der Schule wird gelacht,<br />'
>>> text += u'bis der Lehrer pitschpatsch macht!'
>>> res = tf._doFormat(text, context)
>>> print res.replace('<br />', '\n')
eins zwei drei vier
fuenf sechs sieben,
in der Schule wird
geschrieben,
in der Schule wird
gelacht,
bis der Lehrer
pitschpatsch macht!

the formatter considers tags as not to be part of the text, that means that
breaks aren't made inside tags (<...>)::

>>> context = Context({'break-string':8, 'allow':['a']})
>>> tf._doFormat('working at <a href="www.lovelysystems.com" name="lovelysystems">lovelysystems</a> is great!', context)
'working<br />at<br /><a href="www.lovelysystems.com" name="lovelysystems">lovelysy<br />stems</a> is<br />great!'

Option 'cut'
============

We can also cut strings to a given length::

Warning: cut will not check for HTML tags and will therefore cut in the middle
of a tag which will make HTML unusable. Only use for plain text.

>>> context = Context({'cut':20})
>>> rendered = tf._doFormat('ein superlangerstring mit ein paar kurzen strings', context)
>>> len(rendered)
20

cut is done as the first operation. If it is combined with replace the
resulting string can be longer.

>>> context = Context({'cut':20, 'replace':(('ein', 'Wrong case : ein'),)})
>>> rendered = tf._doFormat('ein superlangerstring mit ein paar kurzen strings', context)
>>> len(rendered)
33


Option 'clear-html'
===================

>>> context = Context({'clear-html':True})
>>> tf._doFormat('Text <strong>containing</strong> HTML', context)
'Text containing HTML'

This is done before "cut".

>>> context = Context({'clear-html':True, 'cut':10})
>>> tf._doFormat('Text <strong>containing</strong> HTML', context)
'Text conta'

Option 'attach'
===============

and attach a string to the expression::

>>> context = Context({'cut':20, 'attach':'...'})
>>> tf._doFormat('ein superlangerstring mit ein paar kurzen strings', context)
'ein superlangerstrin...'


Option 'softcut'
===============

the option softcut works together with cut and prevents cutting words::

>>> context = Context({'cut':20, 'attach':'&hellip;', 'softcut':True})
>>> tf._doFormat('ein superlangerstring mit ein paar kurzen strings', context)
'ein&hellip;'

>>> context = Context({'cut':25, 'attach':'&hellip;', 'softcut':True})
>>> tf._doFormat('ein superlangerstring mit ein paar kurzen strings', context)
'ein superlangerstring&hellip;'



Option 'allow-scripts'
======================

the option 'allow-scripts' has to be set explicitly if you want to include scripts.

>>> context = Context({'allow-all':True, 'allow-scripts':True})
>>> html = """<p>this is html containing a
... <script type="text/javascript">
... alert("i'm not allowed');
... </script> script.
... </p>"""
>>> print tf._doFormat(html, context)
<p>this is html containing a
<script type="text/javascript">
alert("i'm not allowed');
</script> script.
</p>


if not, all scripts will be stripped out although allow-all is enabled::

>>> context = Context({'allow-all':True})
>>> html = """<p>this is html containing a
... <script type="text/javascript">
... alert("i'm not allowed');
... </script> script.
... </p>"""
>>> print tf._doFormat(html, context)
<p>this is html containing a
script.
</p>

test uppercase and whitespaces::

>>> html = """<p>this is html containing a
... < SCRIPT
... type="text/javascript">
... alert("i'm not allowed');
... < /SCRIPT > script.
... </p>"""
>>> print tf._doFormat(html, context)
<p>this is html containing a
script.
</p>

escaped scripttags::

>>> html = """<p>this is html containing a
... &lt;script type="text/javascript"&gt;
... alert("i'm not allowed');
... &lt;/SCRIPT&gt; script.
... </p>"""
>>> print tf._doFormat(html, context)
<p>this is html containing a
script.
</p>


escaped scripts including whitespace and different case::

>>> html = """<p>this is html containing a
... &lt;SCRIPT
... type="text/javascript"&gt;
... alert("i'm not allowed');
... &lt; /SCRIPT &gt; script.
... </p>"""
>>> print tf._doFormat(html, context)
<p>this is html containing a
script.
</p>

Option 'urlparse'
=================

parse the urls in the expression:

>>> context = Context({})
>>> context = Context({'urlparse':{'rel':'nofollow','target':'_blank'},'allow':['a', 'br']})
>>> tf._doFormat('<a href="http://www.lovelysystems.com/~auon/index.html">lovelysystems</a> rocks your zope', context)
'<a href="http://www.lovelysystems.com/~auon/index.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">lovelysystems</a> rocks your zope'

>>> tf._doFormat('ha ha hell yeah http://www.lovelysystems.com/ rocks your zope', context)
'...<a href="http://www.lovelysystems.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">http://www.lovelysystems.com/</a>...'

>>> tf._doFormat('ha ha hell yeah www.lovelysystems.com/ rocks your zope', context)
'...<a href="http://www.lovelysystems.com/" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">www.lovelysystems.com/</a>...'

>>> tf._doFormat('ha ha hell yeah <img src="http://www.lovelysystems.com/image.jpg" /> rocks your zope', context)
'...&lt;img src="http://www.lovelysystems.com/image.jpg" /&gt;...'
Release History

Release History

0.6.0

This version

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