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A Lucene query parser generating ElasticSearch queries and more !

Project description

luqum - A lucene query parser in Python, using PLY

Latest PyPI version Documentation Status travis coveralls


“luqum” (as in LUcene QUery Manipolator) is a tool to parse queries written in the Lucene Query DSL and build an abstract syntax tree to inspect, analyze or otherwise manipulate search queries.

It enables enriching the Lucene Query DSL meanings (for example to support nested object searches or have particular treatments on some fields), and transform lucene DSL queries to native ElasticSearch JSON DSL

Thanks to luqum, your users may continue to write queries like: author.last_name:Smith OR author:(age:[25 TO 34] AND first_name:John) and you will be able to leverage ElasticSearch query DSL, and control the precise meaning of each search terms.

Luqum is dual licensed under Apache2.0 and LGPLv3.

Compatible with Python 3.6+


pip install luqum


PLY >= 3.11

Full documentation

Changelog for luqum

The format is based on Keep a Changelog and this project tries to adhere to Semantic Versioning.

0.13.0 - 2023-03-24


  • Add support for unbounded ranges

    Support is added for open ranges, i.e. inequality operators in front of a term. In tree form, the < is named To, and > is named From.

    Additionally, a TreeTransformer is also added, to convert these open ranges to more traditional Range objects.

    To properly support escaping, some adjustments were made to how escaping sequences work. After careful evaluation of how Apache Lucene handles escape sequences, it appears that random characters can be escaped, even if they result in unknown escape sequences: the escaped character is always yielded. This makes support for operations such as <=foo a lot less complicated.

    There is no support in the ElasticsearchQueryBuilder.

0.12.1 - 2023-02-08


  • Precedence for unknown operation and boost (#89, thanks to @JSCU-CNI)

0.12.0 - 2022-10-13


  • Boost can be implicit ; by default, the boost factor is 1


  • Add support for Lucene and Elasticsearch Boolean operations (#71, thanks to @linefeedse):

    • Introduce the BooleanOperation

    • add its resolution in ElasticSearch transformer

    • add it as a possible resolver for the unknown operation (no explicit operator in query)

  • Set E element as ElasticsearchQueryBuilder’s attributes (#75, thanks to @qcoumes):

    This allows to override elements such as EMust, EWord, …, without the need of overriding ElasticsearchQueryBuilder’s methods.

  • Explicit support for Python 3.9 and Python 3.10 (#76)

  • Add a thread safe parse function (#82)


  • Cast TokenValue.__str__ return value to string (#74, thanks to @delkopiso)

  • Isolated comma should be parsed as a Word (#80)

  • Better handling of escaped wildcards


  • Add boolean operation to doc

  • Fix quick start documentation

  • Updated readthedocs instructions


  • Run tests with github actions

  • Update all libraries for dev:

    • switch from nose to pytest as nose is not python3.10 compatible

    • remove old travis tests

0.11.0 - 2021-01-06


  • completely modified the naming module and auto_name function, as it was not practical as is.


  • added tools to build visual explanations about why a request matches a results (leveraging elasticsearch named queries.

  • added a visitor and transformer that tracks path to element while visiting the tree.


  • fixed the handling of names when transforming luqum tree to elasticsearch queries and added integration tests.

0.10.0 - 2020-09-22


  • support for parsing Regular expressions like /foo/ (no transformation to Elasticsearch DSL yet)

  • basic support for head and tail of expressions (the separators) and for their position (pos and size) in original text

  • added auto_head_tail util (use it if you build your tree programatically and want a printable representation)

  • tree item now support a clone_item method and a setter for children. This should help with making transformation pattern easier.

  • New visitor.TreeVisitor and visitor.TreeTransformer classes to help in processing trees utils.LuceneTreeVisitor, utils.LuceneTreeVisitorV2 and utils.LuceneTreeTransformer are warned as deprecated (but still works).


  • support for python 3.8 added, support for python 3.4 and 3.5 dropped

  • better printing of Proximity and Fuzzy items (preserve implicit nature of degree)

  • raise IllegalCharacterError on illegal character found instead of printing and skipping

  • renamed ParseError to ParseSyntaxError, and kept ParseError as a parent exception


  • Range item were not checking for bounds type on equality

  • Boost item were not checking for force on equality

  • Reorganize tests

0.9.0 - 2020-07-29


  • support for elasticsearch 7

0.8.1 - 2019-11-01


  • added Apache 2 license, while maintaining LGPLv3+

0.8.0 - 2019-08-02


  • support for multi_match query in ElasticsearchQueryBuilder.


  • SchemaAnalyzer, should count non text fields as not_analyzed

  • ElasticsearchQueryBuilder’s field_options parameter can accept match_type instead of type to change request type. This is now the prefered way over type which may more easily conflict with request parameters.

0.7.5 - 2018-10-29



  • fixed bug on equality, having more children in one tree than in the other, was not triggering inequality if first nodes were the same !

0.7.4 - 2018-08-28



  • fixed bug in luqum.utils.LuceneTreeTransformer when removing node

  • fixed bug in handling approx operator on multiple words in luqum.elasticsearch.visitor.ElasticsearchQueryBuilder

  • test coverage now check branch

0.7.3 - 2018-06-08


  • On ElasticSearch query transformation, Luqum was interpreting wildcards in Phrases where as it should not

0.7.2 - 2018-05-14


  • adding the zero_terms_query to match_phrase was a mistake (introduced in 0.7.0).


  • 0.7.0 introduced the match query for queries with single words on analyzed fields, whereas before it was using match_phrase. Although this is more coherent, this may cause difficulties on edge cases as this may leads to results different from previous release.

    This behaviour might be disabled using a new match_word_as_phrase parameter to luqum.elasticsearch.visitor.ElasticsearchQueryBuilder. Note that this parameter maybe removed in future release. (the field_options might be used instead on a per field basis).

0.7.1 - 2018-03-20


  • version introduced because of a bad upload on pypi (Restructured description error)

0.7.0 - 2018-03-20


  • Support for named queries (see elastic named queries)

  • Helper to automatically create ElasticSearch query builder options from the index configuration, see: luqum.elasticsearch.schema

  • a new arg field_options on luqum.elasticsearch.visitor.ElasticsearchQueryBuilder allows to add parameters to field queries. It also permits to control the type of query for match queries.

  • now for a query with a single word, if the field is analyzed, the transformation to elastic search query will use a “match” query instead of a “match_phrase”. This is more conform in behaviour to what the expression of “query_string” would produce.


  • small fix in utils.TreeTransformerV2, which was not removing elements from lists or tuple as stated

  • single word matches, are now match, and not match_phrase

  • match_phrase has the zero_terms_query field, as for match


  • dropped official Python 3.3 support

0.6.0 - 2017-12-12


  • Manage object fields in elasicsearch transformation


  • minor fix, getting better error message when parsing error is at the end of content


  • better handling of nested fields may lead to shorter requests

0.5.3 - 2017-08-21


  • A class to transform smartly replace implicit operations with explicit one (OR or AND)


  • handling of fields names with numbers followed by a number (better handling of time in expressions)


  • now using ply 3.10

0.5.2 - 2017-05-29


  • better recursion in the tree transformer util (API Change)


  • handling of empty phrases for elasticsearch query builder

0.5.1 - 2017-04-10

a minor release


  • Better handling of the implicit operator on printing

0.5.0 - 2017-04-04


  • Operations are now supporting multiple operands (instead of only two). This mitigate the construction of very deep trees.


  • fixes and improvement of documentation

0.4.0 - 2016-12-05


  • The Lucene query checker now checks nested fields before transformation to prevent bad usage

0.3.1 - 2016-11-23


  • Support for nested fields in Elastic Search queries


  • improved performances by adding a cache to the tree visitor utility

0.3 - 2016-11-21

(Note that 0.2 version was skipped)


  • Transforming Lucene queries to Elastic Search queries

  • Added a new tree visitor TreeVisitorV2 more easy to use


  • Improved first tree visitor utility and its tests (API Change)

0.1 - 2016-05-17

This was the initial release of Luqum.


  • the parser and the tree structure

  • the visitor and transformer utils

  • the Lucene query consistency checker

  • the prettify for pretty printing

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