tile-based geodata processing
Tile-based geodata processing.
Developing a script which does some geoprocessing is usually an iterative process where modifying code, running the script and inspecting the output repeat until the desired result. This can take a long time as processing and visualizing the output data repeat very often and therefore sum up. Especially when using a remote machine because the input data is huge, the time to wait for the script to finish, download and open the output can be tedious.
Mapchete aims to facilitate this development circle by providing tools to quickly inspect the output (from a remote or local machine) and allows larger scale processing jobs by running multiple tiles in parallel.
Python is used a lot because it is a very user-friendly language to quickly develop working processing chains and it provides a rich ecosystem of packages which help to efficiently process geodata (e.g. shapely for features, numpy for rasters).
Mapchete takes care about dissecting, resampling and reprojecting geodata, applying user defined Python code to each tile and writing the output into a WMTS-like tile pyramid which is already optimized to be further used for web maps.
You need a .mapchete file for the process configuration
process: my_python_process.py # or a Python module path: mypythonpackage.myprocess zoom_levels: min: 0 max: 12 input: dem: /path/to/dem.tif land_polygons: /path/to/polygon/file.geojson output: format: PNG_hillshade path: /output/path pyramid: grid: mercator # process specific parameters resampling: cubic_spline
and a .py file or a Python module path where you specify the process itself
def execute(mp, resampling="nearest"): # Open elevation model. with mp.open("dem", resampling=resampling) as src: # Skip tile if there is no data available. if src.is_empty(1): return "empty" dem = src.read(1) # Create hillshade. hillshade = mp.hillshade(dem) # Clip with polygons and return result. with mp.open("land_polygons") as land_file: return mp.clip(hillshade, land_file.read())
You can then interactively inspect the process output directly on a map in a browser (first, install dependencies by pip install mapchete[serve] go to localhost:5000):
mapchete serve hillshade.mapchete --memory
The serve tool recognizes changes in your process configuration or in the process file. If you edit one of these, just refresh the browser and inspect the changes (note: use the --memory flag to make sure to reprocess each tile and turn off browser caching).
Once you are done with editing, batch process everything using the execute tool.
mapchete execute hillshade.mapchete
There are many more options such as zoom-dependent process parameters, metatiling, tile buffers or interpolating from an existing output of a higher zoom level. For deeper insights, please go to the documentation.
Mapchete is used in many preprocessing steps for the EOX Maps layers:
- Merge multiple DEMs into one global DEM.
- Create a customized relief shade for the Terrain Layer.
- Generalize landmasks & coastline from OSM for multiple zoom levels.
- Extract cloudless pixel for Sentinel-2 cloudless.
pip install mapchete
pip install -r requirements.txt python setup.py install
To make sure Rasterio and Fiona are properly built against your local GDAL installation, don’t install the binaries but build them on your system:
pip install "rasterio>=1.0.2" "fiona>=1.8b1" --no-binary :all:
To keep the core dependencies minimal if you install mapchete using pip, some features are only available if you manually install additional dependencies:
# for contour extraction: pip install mapchete[contours] # for S3 bucket reading and writing: pip install mapchete[s3] # for mapchete serve: pip install mapchete[serve] # for VRT generation: pip install mapchete[vrt]
Copyright (c) 2015 - 2019 EOX IT Services
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