Server-side Masonite adapter for Inertia.js
Inertia is a new approach to building classic server-driven web apps. From their own web page:
Inertia allows you to create fully client-side rendered, single-page apps, without much of the complexity that comes with modern SPAs. It does this by leveraging existing server-side frameworks.
Almost all features of the official server-side adapters are present 😃
- Shared data
- Partial reloads
- Lazy loaded props
- Set root view in a provider
- Set root view per view
- Enable sharing Masonite routes (prefer using masonite-js-routes)
- Enable sharing Masonite flash messages
Official Masonite Documentation
New to Masonite ? Please first read the Official Documentation. Masonite strives to have extremely comprehensive documentation 😃. It would be wise to go through the tutorials there. If you find any discrepencies or anything that doesn't make sense, be sure to comment directly on the documentation to start a discussion!
Hop on Masonite Discord Community to ask any questions you need!
To get started you will need the following:
- Masonite 4.X (use
masonite-inertia>=4.0) / Masonite 3.X(use
masonite-inertia>=3.0) / Masonite 2.3 (use
- Laravel Mix installed (new Masonite projects come with this installed already)
- a Node.js environment (npm or yarn)
pip install masonite-inertia
Install NPM dependencies
First we'll need to install some NPM packages (we are using Vue 3 here as frontend framework and
inertia-vue3 as Inertia.js client-side adapter). You can find more info on this on Inertia.js documentation.
npm install vue @inertiajs/inertia @inertiajs/inertia-vue3
Add InertiaProvider to your project in
# config/providers.py # ... from masonite.inertia import InertiaProvider # ... PROVIDERS = [ # ... # Third Party Providers InertiaProvider, ]
Inertia adapter comes with a middleware that will control some of the flow of data. Add InertiaMiddleware to your project in
# AppHttpKernel.py from masonite.inertia import InertiaMiddleware class AppHttpKernel(HttpKernel): http_middleware = [InertiaMiddleware, EncryptCookies]
Make sure that this middleware is added before the EncryptCookies middleware else you will get
some issues with CSRF token validation as
XSRF-TOKEN value won't be encrypted.
Finally if you want to change some parameters you can publish the package configuration file in your project:
python craft package:publish inertia
Congratulations! You have now setup Inertia in your project! For more information on how to use Inertia.js got to its documentation.
This section quickly explains how to use Inertia.js with Masonite. For more details please read the documentation 📚.
How to use Inertia.js with Masonite adapter
We will create two routes and a controller which will load the two components scaffolded with previous command and see Inertia.js behaviour. In order to create Inertia response in our Controller, we are going to use newly available response
Inertia. And that's it !
If you scaffolded the inertia demo you will already have the files, else:
python craft controller WelcomeController
This will create a controller
WelcomeController but you can name it whatever you like. It would be good to keep the standard of whatever setup you have now for your home page. Then create two routes to that controller if you don't have them already:
ROUTES = [ Route.get('/', 'WelcomeController@index'), Route.get('/helloworld', 'WelcomeController@helloworld') ]
And finally create the controller methods. We just need to use the new
Inertia to render our controller.
# app/controllers/InertiaController.py from masonite.inertia import Inertia ## .. def inertia(self, view: Inertia): return view.render('Index') def helloworld(self, view: Inertia): return view.render('HelloWorld') ## ..
This controller will render the view based on template
templates/app.html and will load the Vue components into it depending on the route.
Note that instead of specifying a Jinja template like we normally do we can just specify a page here. So since we have
../pages/Index.vue we specify to render
Test it !
Ok now we need to do 2 more commands. The first thing is to run
npm run dev (at root) to compile all of this (with webpack mix):
npm run dev
Now we can run the server like we normally do:
python craft serve
When we go to our homepage we will see we see
Click on the link you can now see
HelloWorld without page refresh !!!!
Please read the Contributing Documentation here.
Thanks to Joseph Mancuso for making the PoC to couple Masonite and Inertia.js !
Masonite Inertia is open-sourced software licensed under the MIT license.
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