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Networked Music Performance software

Project description

Matriz is a Networked Music Performance software. The intended use is allowing real time musical performance of artists in different locations through computer networks. The name “matriz” is portuguese for “matrix” and is inspired on the light and sound matrixes used in music and theater settings.


  • Tools like jacktrip are built to work in high bandwidth academic networks like the internet2 or GEANT networks. Matriz is built to offer the lowest latencies possible, while using the least bandwidth possible. This allows musicians to have low latency high quality music streaming using regular network connections.

  • For fun.



The software is composed of two components, the client and the configuration server. The client connects to the server over websockets and receives a list of all connected clients. After starting it’s own RTSP stream with audio from the sound card, it spawns an RTSP client for all connected clients, forming a P2P streaming network. For all connection or disconnection events, the client list is broadcasted to all connected clients, which open or close new RTSP clients as necessary. Audio is encoded with the OPUS codec, which allows for low bandwidth use and high quality sound, while keeping the latency to a minimum.

The system was used several times in live peformances, with three three groups of musicians. Distances between groups ranged from tens of meters (same building) to 150 to 400 km in the final performance. The hardware used was a Raspberry pi 2 with a Focusrite Scarlet 2i2 USB sound card. The resulting streams where broadcasted live at More information, including recordings of the performances, can be obtained at the project website: For any inquiries concerning the software or the project, contact us at



In both cases external dependencies must be installed for the program to work. For the client:

  • Jack

  • GStreamer, including the gst-rtsp-server package and Pyhton bindings

  • Python bindings for gobject-introspection libraries

These can be installed in Debian or Rapsbian whith the following command:

$ echo "deb jessie main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/matriz.list
$ curl | sudo apt-key add -
$ sudo apt-get update

$ sudo apt-get install -y python-pip\
                     jackd2 \
                     python-gst-1.0 \
                     python-gi \
                     libgstrtspserver-1.0-0 \
                     gstreamer1.0-plugins-bad \
                     libgstreamer-plugins-bad1.0 \
                     gir1.2-gst-rtsp-server-1.0 \
                     python-dev \

# For the PI

$ curl | sudo tee /etc/dbus-1/system.d/matriz_jackd.conf >/dev/null
$ curl | sudo tee /boot/config.txt > /dev/null
$ curl | sudo tee /boot/cmdline.txt >/dev/null
$ curl | sudo tee /etc/supervisord.conf >/dev/null
$ for cpu in /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu[0-9]*; do echo -n performance | sudo tee $cpu/cpufreq/scaling_governor; done
$ sed -i "$(wc -l /etc/rc.local | cut -d' ' -f1)i for cpu in /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu[0-9]*; do echo -n performance > $cpu/cpufreq/scaling_governor; done" /etc/rc.local
$ sed -i "$(wc -l /etc/rc.local | cut -d' ' -f1)i sudo mount -o remount,size=256M /dev/shm" /etc/rc.local
$ sudo pip install supervisor
$ sed -i "$(wc -l /etc/rc.local | cut -d' ' -f1)i supervisord -c /etc/supervisord.conf" /etc/rc.local
$ sudo reboot

For the server, if you want to stream the performance, you might want to install and configure:

  • liquidsoap (to receive and combine client streams)

  • icecast2 (to stream the combined audio from all clients)

  • GStreamer (to decode client streams)

Using PyPi

To install the program just to use the client:

$ pip install matriz

In the machine where the server will run, server dependencies must be explicitly installed:

$ pip install matriz[server]

Install Script for Raspberry Pi

Or simply run the following command which performs all the steps above (Raspberry Pi specific DO NOT use on other OS):

curl | sudo bash -



To use the client open a shell and just type:

$ matriz

without arguments, to start the client. The program will try to read configuration options from a file called client.json in the same directory where the program was invoked. If you want to use another filename, just give that as an argumento to the program:

$ matriz <filename>

An example configuration file is in config/client.json:

    "key": "key1",
    "name": "porto",
    "url": "ws://localhost:5000/config",
    "interface": "eth0",
    "port": 8554,
    "client_pem": "fake_client.pem",
    "client_crt": "fake_client.crt",
    "ca_crt": "fake_ca.crt"

key: supposed to be unique id for client name: some label identifying the client url: the configuration server url interface: network card to start de emitter on port: port for emitter to listen on client_pem: openssl key for secure websockets client_crt: openssl client certificate ca_crt: openssl server certificate

To get a list of command line arguments type:

$ matriz -h


The configuration server is just a single file Flask app (matriz/ For deployment instructions consult the Flask documentation at The server will try to read configuration options from the file given in the MATRIZ_CONFIG_FILE environment variable or, if not set, from a file called clients.json in the same directory where the program was invoked. An example configuration file can be found in config/clients.json:

  "client_keys": [
        {"name": "porto", "key": "key1"},
        {"name": "montemor", "key": "key2"},
        {"name": "lisboa", "key": "key3"},
        {"name": "marte", "key": "key666"}
  "monitor_key": {"name": "monitor", "key": "monitorkey"}


For the software to work ports 8554 (TCP) and 8600-8700 (UDP) must be able accept incoming connections. This means you have to configure the gateways if you intend to use the software across the internet.


  • Oficinas do Convento

  • Sonoscopia

  • Osso

  • Trienal de Arquitectura de Lisboa

  • Digitópia - Casa da Música

  • Câmara Municipal de Montemor-o-Novo.


  • Direção Geral das Artes.


0.1.0 (2016-05-19)

  • First release.

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