A Sage toolbox for computing with Models of Curves over Local Fields

# MCLF

### A Sage toolbox for computing with Models of Curves over Local Fields

This is still a rather immature version of our toolbox. Nevertheless, you can use it to compute, for a large class of curves over the rationals, the stable reduction at primes of bad reduction.

Let Y be a smooth projective curve over a field K and let vK be a discrete valuation on K. The principal goal is to compute the semistable reduction of Y with respect to vK. This means that we want to know

• a finite Galois extension L/K,
• an extension vL of vK to L,
• the special fiber of an integral semistable model of Y over the valuation ring of vL, and
• the action of the decomposition group of vL on that special fiber.

At the moment we can do this only in certain special cases, which should nevertheless be useful.

If you have at least Sage 8.2 you can install the latest version of this package with `sage -pip install --user --upgrade mclf`.

If you can not install Sage on your local machine, you can also click to run an interactive Jupyter notebook with mclf preinstalled.

The package can be loaded with

``````sage: from mclf import *
``````

We create a Picard curve over the rational number field.

``````sage: R.<x> = QQ[]
sage: Y = SuperellipticCurve(x^4-1, 3)
sage: Y
superelliptic curve y^3 = x^4 - 1 over Rational Field
``````

In general, the class `SuperellipticCurve` allows you to create a superelliptic curve of the form yn = f(x), for a polynomial f over an arbitrary field K. But you can also define any smooth projective curve Y with given function field.

We define the 2-adic valuation on the rational field. Then we are able to create an object of the class `SemistableModel` which represents a semistable model of the curve Y with respect to the 2-adic valuation.

``````sage: v_2 = QQ.valuation(2)
sage: Y2 = SemistableModel(Y, v_2)
sage: Y2.is_semistable() # this may take a while
True
``````

The stable reduction of Y at p=2 has four components, one of genus 0 and three of genus 1.

``````sage: [Z.genus() for Z in Y2.components()]
[0, 1, 1, 1]
sage: Y2.components_of_positive_genus()
[the smooth projective curve with Function field in y defined by y^3 + x^4 + x^2,
the smooth projective curve with Function field in y defined by y^3 + x^2 + x,
the smooth projective curve with Function field in y defined by y^3 + x^2 + x + 1]
``````

We can also extract some arithmetic information on the curve Y from the stable reduction. For instance, we can compute the conductor exponent of Y at p=2:

``````sage: Y2.conductor_exponent()
6
``````

Now let us compute the semistable reduction of Y at p=3:

``````sage: v_3 = QQ.valuation(3)
sage: Y3 = SemistableModel(Y, v_3)
sage: Y3.is_semistable()
True
sage: Y3.components_of_positive_genus()
[the smooth projective curve with Function field in y defined by y^3 + y + 2*x^4]
``````

We see that Y has potentially good reduction at p=3. The conductor exponent is:

``````sage: Y3.conductor_exponent()
6
``````

For more details on the functionality and the restrictions of the toolbox, see the Documentation. For the mathematical background see

#### Known bugs and issues

See our issues list, and tell us of any bugs or ommissions that are not covered there.

#### Development workflow

Most development happens on feature branches against the `master` branch. The `master` branch is considered stable and usually we create a new release and upload it to PyPI whenever there is something merged into `master`. We sometimes collect a number of experimental changes on the `experimental` branch.

## Project details

This version 1.0.4 1.0.3 1.0.2 1.0.1