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Auto-generate CRUD forms for a given domain class.

Project description

Introduction
============

Scaffolding allows you to auto-generate forms for models. The goal is to create
commonly used forms without much boilerplate while still allowing for deeper
customizations.

.. contents::

Before we can start using scaffolding, we must create the content to work with:

Models
------

>>> import grokcore.component as grok
>>> from zope.interface import Interface
>>> from zope import schema

>>> class IMammoth(Interface):
... name = schema.TextLine(title=u"Name")
... age = schema.Int(title=u"Age")

>>> class Mammoth(Model):
... grok.implements(IMammoth)
... name = schema.fieldproperty.FieldProperty(IMammoth['name'])
... age = schema.fieldproperty.FieldProperty(IMammoth['age'])

>>> class HerdContainer(Container):
... pass

Now all we have to do is create a controller:

Whole application in a few lines
--------------------------------

>>> from megrok.scaffold import Controller, scaffold

>>> class MammothController(Controller):
... grok.context(HerdContainer)
...
... scaffold(Mammoth)

That's it. And we have an add form, an edit form, display 'form' and a list
view. With deletion enabled.

Let's verify that.

Grokking and querying
---------------------

We let Grok register the component::

>>> grok_component('mammothcontroller', MammothController)
True

Now, we can query it normally::

>>> from zope.publisher.browser import TestRequest
>>> request = TestRequest()
>>> herd = HerdContainer()
>>> getRootFolder()['herd'] = herd
>>> manfred = Mammoth()
>>> herd['manfred'] = manfred

>>> from zope.component import getMultiAdapter
>>> editform = getMultiAdapter((manfred, request), name="edit")

>>> editform
<EditForm 'edit'>
>>> print editform()
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<body>
<div id="edit-mammoth" class="scaffold-edit">
<form action="http://127.0.0.1" method="post"
class="edit-form" enctype="multipart/form-data">
...

>>> displayform = getMultiAdapter((manfred, request), name="index")
>>> displayform
<DisplayForm 'index'>

>>> addform = getMultiAdapter((herd, request), name="addmammoth")
>>> addform
<AddForm 'addmammoth'>

>>> listform = getMultiAdapter((herd, request), name="listmammoth")
>>> listform
<ListForm 'listmammoth'>

Layout integration
------------------

First, let's unregister the previous forms to start it anew::

>>> from zope.component import getGlobalSiteManager
>>> from zope.publisher.interfaces.browser import IDefaultBrowserLayer
>>> from zope.interface import implementedBy
>>> sm = getGlobalSiteManager()
>>> def unregister_views():
... done = sm.unregisterAdapter(None, (implementedBy(Mammoth),
... IDefaultBrowserLayer), Interface, 'edit')
... done = done and sm.unregisterAdapter(None, (implementedBy(Mammoth),
... IDefaultBrowserLayer), Interface, 'index')
... done = done and sm.unregisterAdapter(None, (implementedBy(HerdContainer),
... IDefaultBrowserLayer), Interface, 'addmammoth')
... done = done and sm.unregisterAdapter(None, (implementedBy(HerdContainer),
... IDefaultBrowserLayer), Interface, 'listmammoth')
... return done
>>> unregister_views()
True

Now, simply define the layout as usual::

>>> from megrok.layout import Layout
>>> class MyLayout(Layout):
... grok.name('mylayout')
... grok.context(Interface)
...
... def render(self):
... return u"A simple layout\n%s" % self.view.content()
>>> grok_component('MyLayout', MyLayout)
True

And tell the scaffolding grokker to register the forms as layout pages::

>>> class MammothController(Controller):
... grok.context(HerdContainer)
...
... scaffold(Mammoth, aspage=True)

>>> grok_component('mammothcontroller', MammothController)
True
>>> editform = getMultiAdapter((manfred, request), name="edit")
>>> print editform()
A simple layout
<div id="edit-mammoth" class="scaffold-edit">
<form action="http://127.0.0.1" method="post"
class="edit-form" enctype="multipart/form-data">
...

Customization
=============

The names of the views can be configured using parameters passed to the scaffold directive, e.g.::

>>> class MammothController(Controller):
... grok.context(HerdContainer)
...
... scaffold(Mammoth, addname='add', editname='edit', displayname='index', listname='index')

Besides this, the interfaces used for each form can be set as well::

>>> class IListMammoth(Interface):
... name = schema.TextLine(title=u"Mammoth's name")

>>> class MammothController(Controller):
... grok.context(HerdContainer)
...
... scaffold(add=Mammoth, edit=IMammoth, list=IListMammoth, display=IMammoth)

One can easily disable the automatic registering of views::

>>> class MammothController(Controller):
... grok.context(HerdContainer)
...
... scaffold(Mammoth, list=False)

Putting it all together::

>>> class MammothController(Controller):
... grok.context(HerdContainer)
...
... scaffold(Mammoth, list=IListMammoth, listname='index', edit=False, aspage=True)

The latter will register::

- an add form named after the model's name ('addmammoth')
- a display form named 'index'
- a list view named 'index' displaying the fields defined in IListMammoth
- no edit form

>>> unregister_views()
True
>>> grok_component('mammothcontroller', MammothController)
True
>>> getMultiAdapter((herd, request), name="index")
<ListForm 'index'>
>>> editform = getMultiAdapter((manfred, request), name="edit")
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
ComponentLookupError:

Actions
-------

Each form have a subset of these common actions: 'add', 'edit', 'apply', 'delete'.
Some can be activated or deactivated using attributes like 'allow_edit' and 'allow_delete'.

Your own custom actions can be created using formlib's action decorator::

>>> from grokcore.formlib import action

>>> class MammothController(Controller):
... grok.context(HerdContainer)
...
... scaffold(Mammoth, listname='index')
...
... allow_delete = False
...
... @action('Cancel')
... def cancel(self, **data):
... pass
...
... list_actions = Controller.list_actions.copy()
...
... @action('Import', list_actions)
... def do_import(self, **data):
... self.redirect(self.url(self.context, 'import_view'))

>>> unregister_views()
True
>>> grok_component('mammothcontroller', MammothController)
True
>>> listform = getMultiAdapter((herd, request), name="index")
>>> html = listform()
>>> print listform() # doctest: +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE
1
<input type="submit" class="button" value="Import" name="actions.import" id="actions.import">

Security
========

By default the views registered have no permissions set. To change that use the
megrok.scaffold's 'require' directive::

>>> from megrok.scaffold import require as scaffold_require

>>> class MammothController(Controller):
... grok.context(HerdContainer)
...
... scaffold(Mammoth)
... scaffold_require(add='zope.ManageContent', edit='zope.ManageContent')

API
===

See interfaces.py module.

Changelog
=========

0.3
-----------------

- List view table now uses field's titles as columns headers
- Fixed bug (indentation error) on Controller default add method
- Changed Controller __init__'s signature
- Dropped megrok.layout dependency. Now either megrok.layout or
grokcore.layout must be included.
- Controllers are now registered as utilities


0.2
------------------

- Fixed templates for layout pages (aspage=True)
- Fixed minor bugs

0.1
-------------------

- Initial release

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