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Simple CRON for MicroPython.

Project description

Simple CRON for MicroPython

SimpleCRON is a time-based task scheduling program inspired by the well-known CRON program for Unix systems.

The software was tested under micropython 1.10 (esp32, esp8266) and python 3.5.

Project documentation.

What you can do with this library:

  • Run any task at precisely defined intervals
  • Delete and add tasks while the program is running.
  • Run the task a certain number of times and many more.

Requirements:

  • The board on which the micropython is installed(v1.10)
  • The board must have support for hardware timers.

Install

You can install using the upip:

import upip
upip.install("micropython-scron")

or

micropython -m upip install -p modules micropython-scron

You can also clone this repository, and install it manually:

git clone https://github.com/fizista/micropython-scron.git
cd ./micropython-scron
./flash-src.sh

ESP8266

The library on this processor must be compiled into binary code.

The MicroPython cross compiler is needed for this.

If you already have the mpy-cross command available, then run the bash script:

./compile.sh

and then upload the library to the device, e.g. using the following script:

./flash-byte.sh

Simple examples

Simple code to run every second:

from scron.week import simple_cron
# Depending on the device, you need to add a task that
# will be started at intervals shorter than the longest
# time the timer can count.
# esp8266 about 5 minutes
# esp32 - for processor ESP32D0WDQ6, the problem did not occur
simple_cron.add('null', lambda *a, **k: None, seconds=0, minutes=range(0,59,5), removable=False)
simple_cron.add('helloID', lambda *a,**k: print('hello'))
simple_cron.run()

Code, which is activated once a Sunday at 12:00.00:

simple_cron.add(
    'Sunday12.00',
    lambda *a,**k: print('wake-up call'),
    weekdays=6,
    hours=12,
    minutes=0,
    seconds=0
)

Every second minute:

simple_cron.add(
    'Every second minute',
    lambda *a,**k: print('second call'),
    minutes=range(0, 59, 2),
    seconds=0
)

Other usage samples can be found in the ‘examples’ directory.

How to use it

Somewhere in your code you have to add the following code, and from then on SimpleCRON is ready to use.

from scron.week import simple_cron
simple_cron.run() # You have to run it once. This initiates the SimpleCRON action,
                  # and reserve one timmer.

To add a task you are using:

simple_cron.add(<callback_id_string>, <callback>, ...)

Callbacks

Example of a callback:

def some_counter(scorn_instance, callback_name, pointer, memory):
    if 'counter' in memory:
        memory['counter'] += 1
    else:
        memory['counter'] = 1

where:

  • scorn_instance - SimpleCRON instance, in this case scron.weekend.simple_cron
  • callback_name - Callback ID
  • pointer - This is an indicator of the time in which the task was to be run. Example: (6, 13, 5, 10). This is ( Sunday , 1 p.m. , minutes 5 , seconds 10 )
  • memory - Shared memory for this particular callback, between all calls. By default this is a dictionary.

Important notes:

  • If a task takes a very long time, it blocks the execution of other tasks!
  • If there are several functions to run at a given time, then they are started without a specific order.
  • If the time has been changed (time synchronization with the network, own time change), run the simple_cron.sync_time() function, which will set a specific point in time. Without this setting, it may happen that some callbacks will not be started.

What has not been tested:

  • SimpleCRON operation during sleep

How to test

First install the following things:

git clone https://github.com/fizista/micropython-scron.git
cd micropython-scron/
micropython -m upip install -p modules micropython-unittest
micropython -m upip install -p modules micropython-time

Then run the tests:

./run_tests.sh

Support and license

If you have found a mistake or other problem, write in the issues.

If you need a different license for this library (e.g. commercial), please contact me: fizista+scron@gmail.com.

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