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Yet another Python migration tool

Project description

Simple, cross-database migration tool for Python applications. Inspired by node migrations.


Only Python 3 is supported for now.


$ pip install migrations

Notice, this distribution provides package and executable script named migrate, so check if it does not mess with existing packages/scripts. Generally, you should neither install this tool globally, nor install several migration tools for one project.




usage: migrate [options] [action]

  up    [NAME|COUNT]    (default) perform COUNT migrations or till given NAME
                        (by default performs all available)
  down  [NAME|COUNT]    revert COUNT migrations or till given NAME
                        (by default reverts one)
  create NAME           create new migration file

  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -v, --version         show version and exit
  -d PATH, --migrations-dir PATH
                        directory where migrations are stored
  -s PATH, --state-file PATH
                        location of file which stores database state
  -t PATH, --template-file PATH
                        location of template file for new migrations

Each migration file must define functions up() and down() without required arguments.

Simple migration example:

import redis

db = redis.Redis(host='localhost', port=6379)

def up():
    db.rpush('used_libraries', 'migrations')

def down():
    db.rpop('used_libraries', 'migrations')

A bit more complex example. Let’s assume that in current working directory we have module named db, which contains singleton object responsible for DB connection, for example PyMySQL Connection object. Current working directory is the first place to be scanned for modules to import.

from db import connection

def manage_cursor(action):
    def wrap():
        with connection.cursor() as cursor:
    return wrap

def up(cursor):
        "INSERT INTO used_libraries (`name`) VALUES ('migrations')"

def down(cursor):
        "DELETE FROM used_libraries WHERE `name`='migrations'"

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