Minimal inplementation of ActivityPub Interface
Minimal-ActivityPub is a minimal Python implementation of the ActivityPub rest API used by Mastodon, Pleroma, and others. This implementation makes use of asyncio where appropriate. It is intended to be used as a library by other applications. No standalone functionality is provided.
Minimal refers to the fact that only API calls I need for my other projects; MastodonAmnesia and TootBot are implemented.
DO NOT expect a full or complete implementation of all ActivityPub API functionality.
API Methods Currently Implemented
Client to Server Methods
create_app (documentation to follow)
generate_authorization_url (documentation to follow)
validate_authorization_code (documentation to follow)
Server to Server Methods
No API methods for server to server communications have been implemented.
Minimal-ActivityPub is available on PyPi as minimal-activitypub and can be added to an application the same as any other python library.
Add minimal-activitypub as a requirement to your project and/or install using pip:
pip install minimal-activitypub
In general you need the authenticate to an ActivityPub server instance. To do so you require an access_token, so generally you’ll want to use the method get_auth_token when setting up the initial connection.
After that I think it is a good idea to verify the credentials using the verify_credentials method and determine the server type using the determine_instance_type method.
After that you use which ever method(s) that are needed for your use case.
Example for get_auth_token(...)
To get an Auth Token (also referred to as an access token) your code needs to be able to login to the Fediverse instance. In this API implementation we do so using the user_name (email for Mastodon instances) and the user’s password. Neither of these values is being stored after an auth token has been obtained.
async def example(instance, user_name, password): async with aiohttp.ClientSession() as session: access_token = await ActivityPub.get_auth_token( instance_url=instance, username=user_name, password=password, session=session, )
Example for verify_credentials(...)
verify_credentials(...) ensures that the access_token is valid and returns information about the user that the access_token has been created for. It is good practice to check the validity of the access_token with this method call before any further interaction with the Fediverse instance.
async def example(instance, access_token): async with aiohttp.ClientSession() as session: instance = ActivityPub( instance=instance, access_token=access_token, session=session, ) user_info = await instance.verify_credentials() account_id = user_info["id"] user_name = user_info["username"]
Example for determine_instance_type()
determine_instance_type() checks what type of server we are interacting with. At this time minimal-activitypub only check for Pleroma and otherwise defaults to Mastodon. This method updates the instance variable is_instance_pleroma to True if the Fediverse server is running Pleroma
async def example(instance, access_token): async with aiohttp.ClientSession() as session: instance = ActivityPub( instance=instance, access_token=access_token, session=session, ) await instance.determine_instance_type()
Example for get_account_statuses(...)
get_account_statuses(...) retrieves a list of the most recent toots posted by the account identified by its id. This method updates the instance variables pagination_max_id and pagination_min_id with the values for min_id and max_id returned by the server in the http response header. These values can be used to paginate forward and backwards through the history of toots.
async def example(account_id): async with aiohttp.ClientSession() as session: instance = ActivityPub( instance=instance, access_token=access_token, session=session, ) toots = await instance.get_account_statuses(account_id=account_id) # retrieving the next set of toots if instance.pagination_max_id: toots = await instance.get_account_statuses( account_id=account_id, max_id=instance.pagination_max_id, )
Example for delete_status(...)
delete_status(...) deletes a toot / post / status identified by its id. This method returns the deleted toot / post / status.
async def example(toot_id): async with aiohttp.ClientSession() as session: instance = ActivityPub( instance=instance, access_token=access_token, session=session, ) deleted_toot = await instance.delete_status(status_id=toot_id)
Example for post_status(...)
post_status(...) creates a toot / post / status identified. This method returns the created toot / post / status.
async def example(status_text: str): async with aiohttp.ClientSession() as session: instance = ActivityPub( instance=instance, access_token=access_token, session=session, ) toot = await instance.post_status( status=status_text, )
Example for post_media(...)
post_media(...) sends an image or video to the server. This needs to be done to be able to attach an image or video to a toot / post / status This method returns a dictionary containing details for this media on server, such a id, url etc.
async def example(media_path: str): async with aiohttp.ClientSession() as session: instance = ActivityPub( instance=instance, access_token=access_token, session=session, ) mime_type = magic.from_file(media_path, mime=True) async with aiofiles.open(file=media_path, mode="rb") as upload: media = await instance.post_media( file=upload, mime_type=mime_type, ) media_ids = [media['id'], ] toot = await instance.post_status( status="Test status with media attached", media_ids=media_ids, )
Issues and pull requests are welcome.
Minimal-ActivityPub is using pre-commit and Poetry. Please install and use both pre-commit and Poetry if you’d like to contribute.
To make sure you have all required python modules installed with Poetry is as easy as poetry install in the root of the project directory
Minimal-ActivityPub is licences under licensed under the GNU Affero General Public License v3.0
There are a number of ways you can support Minimal-ActivityPub:
Create an issue with problems or ideas you have with/for Minimal-ActivityPub
You can buy me a coffee.
You can send me small change in Monero to the address below:
Monero donation address:
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