Python Money Class
Money class with optional CLDR-backed locale-aware formatting and an extensible currency exchange solution.
All code examples use Python 3.x.
This package is compatible with Python 2.7, 3.3, 3.4, but there are important Differences between Python versions.
pip install money
For locale-aware formatting, also install Babel:
pip install babel
>>> from money import Money >>> m = Money(amount='2.22', currency='EUR') >>> m EUR 2.22
amount can be any valid value for decimal.Decimal(value) and currency should be a three-letter currency code. You can perform most arithmetic operations between money objects and integers or decimals.
>>> from money import Money >>> m = Money('2.22', 'EUR') >>> m / 2 EUR 1.11 >>> m + Money('7.77', 'EUR') EUR 9.99
Arithmetic operations with floats are not directly supported. If you need to operate with floats, you must first convert the float to a Decimal, or the Money object to a float (i.e. float(m)). Please be aware of the issues and limitations of floating point arithmetics.
Money objects are printed by default with en_US formatting and the currency code.
>>> m = Money('1234.567', 'EUR') >>> str(m) 'EUR 1,234.57'
Use format(locale=DEFAULT_LC_NUMERIC, pattern=None) for locale-aware formatting with currency expansion. format() emulates babel.numbers.format_currency(), and requires Babel to be installed:
>>> m = Money('1234.567', 'USD') >>> m.format('en_US') '$1,234.57' >>> m.format('es_ES') '1.234,57\xa0US$'
The character \xa0 is an unicode non-breaking space (chicken-good). If no locale is passed, Babel will use your system’s locale. You can also provide a specific pattern to format():
>>> m = Money('-1234.567', 'USD') >>> # Regular US format: >>> m.format('en_US', '¤#,##0.00') '-$1,234.57' >>> # Custom negative format: >>> m.format('en_US', '¤#,##0.00;<¤#,##0.00>') '<$1,234.57>' >>> # Round, Spanish format, full currency name: >>> m.format('es_ES', '0 ¤¤¤') '-1235 dólares estadounidenses'
Currency exchange works by “installing” a backend class that implements the abstract base class (abc) money.exchange.BackendBase. Its API is exposed through money.xrates, along with setup functions xrates.install(pythonpath), xrates.uninstall(), and xrates.backend_name.
A simple proof-of-concept backend money.exchange.SimpleBackend is included:
from decimal import Decimal from money import Money, xrates xrates.install('money.exchange.SimpleBackend') xrates.base = 'USD' xrates.setrate('AAA', Decimal('2')) xrates.setrate('BBB', Decimal('8')) a = Money(1, 'AAA') b = Money(1, 'BBB') assert a.to('BBB') == Money('4', 'BBB') assert b.to('AAA') == Money('0.25', 'AAA') assert a + b.to('AAA') == Money('1.25', 'AAA')
You can use a subclass of Money, XMoney if you prefer automatic conversion between different currencies on binary operations. The currency of the leftmost object has priority.
from money import XMoney # Register backend and rates as above... a = XMoney(1, 'AAA') b = XMoney(1, 'BBB') assert a + b == XMoney('1.25', 'AAA')
Differences between Python versions
|Expression||Python 2.x||Python 3.x|
|round(Money('2.5', 'EUR'))||Returns 3.0, a float rounded amount away from zero.||Returns EUR 2, a Money object with rounded amount to the nearest even.|
There are several design decisions in money that differ from currently available money class implementations:
Do not keep any kind of locale conventions database inside this package. Locale conventions are extensive and change over time; keeping track of them is a project of its own. There is already such a project and database (the Unicode Common Locale Data Repository), and an excellent python API for it: Babel.
There is no need for a currency class. A currency is fully identified by its ISO 4217 code, and localization or exchange rates data are expected to be centralized as databases/services because of their changing nature.
- Modulo operator (%): do not override to mean “percentage”.
- Numeric type: you can mix numbers and money in binary operations, and objects evaluate to False if their amount is zero.
- Global default currency: subclassing is a safer solution.
Contributions are welcome. You can use the regular github mechanisms.
To be forward-compatible, and given the small size of the package, Python 2.7 is supported in a different source “branch” at src-py2.
To test your changes you will need tox and python 2.7, 3.3, and 3.4. Simply cd to the package root (by setup.py) and run tox.
money is released under the MIT license, which can be found in the file LICENSE.