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JSON Schema support for Morepath

Project description

more.jsonschema: JSON Schema support for Morepath

This package provides Morepath integration for JSON Schema, implemented with jsonschema:

JSON Schema can automate user input validation in a HTTP API.

Schema

The JSON schema need to be load into a Python dict (you can use json.load()):

user_schema = {
    'type': 'object',
    'properties': {
        'name': {
            'type': 'string',
            'minLength': 3
        },
        'age': {
            'type': 'integer',
            'minimum': 10
        }
    },
    'required': ['name', 'age']
}

If you want to define JSON schemas in Python, you can use jsl for instance.

Validate

The more.jsonschema integration helps with validation of the request body as it is POSTed to a view. First we must create a loader for our schema:

from more.jsonschema import loader

user_schema_load = loader(user_schema)

We can use this loader to handle a POST request for instance:

@App.json(model=User, request_method='POST', load=user_schema_load)
def user_post(self, request, json):
    # json is now a validated and normalized dict of whatever got
    # POST onto this view that you can use to update
    # self

Customize the Validator

By default more.jsonschema uses the Draft7Validator. But you can also use Draft3Validator, Draft4Validator or Draft6Validator. You can even create your own Validator or extend an existent one. Just pass the Validator to the loader:

from jsonschema import Draft4Validator
from more.jsonschema import loader

  user_schema_load = loader(user_schema, validator=Draft4Validator)

More information about creating or extending Validator classes you can find in the jsonschema documentation.

Error handling

If validation fails due to a validation error (a required field is missing, or a field is of the wrong datatype, for instance), you want to show some kind of error message. The load function created by more.jsonschema raise the more.jsonschema.ValidationError exception in case of errors.

This exception object has an errors attribute with the validation errors. You must define an exception view for it, otherwise validation errors are returned as “500 internal server error” to API users.

This package provides a default exception view implementation. If you subclass your application from more.jsonschema.JsonSchemaApp then you get a default error view for ValidationError that has a 422 status code with an error message:

from more.jsonschema import JsonSchemaApp

class App(JsonSchemaApp):
    pass

Now your app has reasonable error handling built-in.

CHANGES

0.2 (2020-04-26)

  • Removed: Removed support for Python 2 and Python 3.4 and 3.5.

    You have to upgrade to Python 3 if you want to use this version.

  • Added support for Python 3.6, 3.7 and 3.8 and PyPy 3.6.

  • Make Python 3.7 the default testing environment.

  • Upgrade jsonschema to version 3.2.0.

  • Make JSON Schema Draft 7 the default validator.

  • Add integration for the Black code formatter.

0.1 (2017-03-17)

  • initial public release.

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