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for "Behavior Driven Development" (BDD) -- a client-facing scripting language to put the squeeze on all your features

Project description

Wheel Status Python versions Latest Version License Build status Coverage Documentation Updates

Morelia is a Python Behavior Driven Development (BDD) library.

BDD is an agile software development process that encourages collaboration between developers, QA and business participants.

Test scenarios written in natural language make BDD foundation. They are comprehensible for non-technical participants who wrote them and unambiguous for developers and QA.

Morelia makes it easy for developers to integrate BDD into their existing unittest frameworks. It is easy to run under nose, pytest, tox, trial or integrate with django, flask or any other python framework because no special code have to be written.

You as developer are in charge of how tests are organized. No need to fit into rigid rules forced by some other BDD frameworks.

Mascot:

http://www.naturfoto.cz/fotografie/ostatni/krajta-zelena-47784.jpg

Installation

pip install morelia

Quick usage guide

Write a feature description:

# calculator.feature

Feature: Addition
    In order to avoid silly mistakes
    As a math idiot
    I want to be told the sum of two numbers

Scenario: Add two numbers
    Given I have powered calculator on
    When I enter "50" into the calculator
    And I enter "70" into the calculator
    And I press add
    Then the result should be "120" on the screen

Create standard Python’s unittest and hook Morelia into it:

# test_acceptance.py

import unittest

from morelia import run


class CalculatorTestCase(unittest.TestCase):

    def test_addition(self):
        """ Addition feature """
        run('calculator.feature', self, verbose=True)

Run test with your favourite runner: unittest, nose, py.test, trial. You name it!

$ python -m unittest -v test_acceptance  # or
$ nosetests -v test_acceptance.py  # or
$ py.test -v test_acceptance.py  # or
$ trial test_acceptance.py  # or
$ # django/pyramid/flask/(place for your favourite test runner)

And you’ll see which steps are missing:

F
======================================================================
FAIL: test_addition (test_acceptance.CalculatorTestCase)
Addition feature
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "test_acceptance.py", line 45, in test_addition
    run('calculator.feature', self, verbose=True)
  File "(..)/morelia/__init__.py", line 22, in run
    return ast.evaluate(suite, **kwargs)
  File "(..)/morelia/grammar.py", line 31, in evaluate
    feature.evaluate_steps(matcher_visitor)
  File "(..)/morelia/grammar.py", line 76, in evaluate_steps
    self._method_hook(visitor, class_name, 'after_')
  File "(..)/morelia/grammar.py", line 85, in _method_hook
    method(self)
  File "(..)/morelia/visitors.py", line 125, in after_feature
    self._suite.fail(to_docstring(diagnostic))
AssertionError: Cannot match steps:

    def step_I_have_powered_calculator_on(self):
        r'I have powered calculator on'

        raise NotImplementedError('I have powered calculator on')

    def step_I_enter_number_into_the_calculator(self, number):
        r'I enter "([^"]+)" into the calculator'

        raise NotImplementedError('I enter "20" into the calculator')

    def step_I_press_add(self):
        r'I press add'

        raise NotImplementedError('I press add')

    def step_the_result_should_be_number_on_the_screen(self, number):
        r'the result should be "([^"]+)" on the screen'

        raise NotImplementedError('the result should be "140" on the screen')

----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ran 1 test in 0.029s

Now implement steps with standard TestCases that you are familiar:

# test_acceptance.py

import unittest

from morelia import run


class CalculatorTestCase(unittest.TestCase):

    def test_addition(self):
        """ Addition feature """
        run('calculator.feature', self, verbose=True)

    def step_I_have_powered_calculator_on(self):
        r'I have powered calculator on'
        self.stack = []

    def step_I_enter_a_number_into_the_calculator(self, number):
        r'I enter "(\d+)" into the calculator'  # match by regexp
        self.stack.append(int(number))

    def step_I_press_add(self):  # matched by method name
        self.result = sum(self.stack)

    def step_the_result_should_be_on_the_screen(self, number):
        r'the result should be "{number}" on the screen'  # match by format-like string
        self.assertEqual(int(number), self.result)

And run it again:

$ python -m unittest test_acceptance

Feature: Addition
    In order to avoid silly mistakes
    As a math idiot
    I want to be told the sum of two numbers
Scenario: Add two numbers
    Given I have powered calculator on                       # pass  0.000s
    When I enter "50" into the calculator                    # pass  0.000s
    And I enter "70" into the calculator                     # pass  0.000s
    And I press add                                          # pass  0.001s
    Then the result should be "120" on the screen            # pass  0.001s
.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ran 1 test in 0.028s

OK

Note that Morelia does not waste anyone’s time inventing a new testing back-end just to add a layer of literacy over our testage. Steps are miniature TestCases. Your onsite customer need never know, and your unit tests and customer tests can share their support methods. The same one test button can run all TDD and BDD tests.

Look at example directory for a little more enhanced example and read full documentation for more advanced topics.

Documentation

Full documentation is available at http://morelia.readthedocs.org/en/latest/index.html

http://zeroplayer.com/images/stuff/sneakySnake.jpg

Credits

This package was created with Cookiecutter and the kidosoft/cookiecutter-pypackage project template.

Project details


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