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Project Description

Overview

This module provides an additional log handler for Python’s standard logging package (PEP 282). This handler will write log events to log file which is rotated at a certain time(day, hour, min) and multiple processes supported.

这个模块提供了一个 Python logging handler 类。它会根据配置按时间来 轮转日志文件,并且支持多进程

Details

The MultProcTimedRotatingFileHandler class is a drop-in replacement for Python’s standard log handler RotatingFileHandler. This module uses file locking so that multiple processes can concurrently log to a single file without dropping or clobbering log events. This module provides a file rotation scheme like with RotatingFileHanler. Extra care is taken to ensure that logs can be safely rotated before the rotation process is started.

This class ratating file at an exact time, such as every day(23:59:59) or every hour(xx:59:59) and so on.

If you have multiple instances of a script (or multiple scripts) all running at the same time and writing to the same log file, then all of the scripts should be using this class.

This class require portalocker to deal with file locking. Please be aware that portalocker only supports Unix (posix) an NT platforms at this time, and therefore this package only supports those platforms as well. But, only tested on Linux.

基于标准的 RotatingFileHandler 类开发,支持多线程,多进程, 轮转方式是按照时间, 每天/每小时/每分钟 不依赖于进程的启动时间,而是根据系统时间 进行轮转.

如果有多个脚本或者实例都需要打日志到同一个文件,请一定都要用这个类 MultProcTimedRotatingFileHandler, 因为它是基于文件锁的.

这个类使用了 portalocker 去处理多进程之间的文件锁,所以它只支持 *nix 跟 NT 系统, 但是我只测试了在 Linux 下面使用。

Why

This class fork from TimedRotatingFileHandler and ConcurrentLogHandler. For TimedRotatingFileHandler issues:

  1. thread safe but not process safe
  2. rotating time is accumulate, this means it deponding the process when to start up.

ConcurrentLogHandler is good, but it only rotating by the logfile size.

这个类其实是参考了 TimedRotatingFileHandlerConcurrentLogHandler 这两个handler, 为什么要写这个呢?主要是上面提到的这两个都有一些小问题。

TimedRotatingFileHandler:

  1. 虽然是线程安全,但是并不支持多进程
  2. 轮转的时间是依赖于进程的启动时间,所以会出现轮转点并不是常规的59s.

ConcurrentLogHandler 如果只是实现了根据日志文件大小来轮转, 未提供按时间的.

Installation

Use the following command to install this package:

pip install mpfhandler

If you are installing from source, you can use:

python setup.py install

Or wget the single file to your python sys.path:

wget https://github.com/yorks/mpfhandler/raw/master/src/mpfhandler.py -O\
    /usr/lib/python2.6/site-packages/mpfhandler.py

Examples

Simple Example

Here is a example demonstrating how to use this module directly

from logging import getLogger, INFO
from mpfhandler import MultProcTimedRotatingFileHandler
import os

log = getLogger()
# Use an absolute path to prevent file rotation trouble.
logfile = os.path.abspath("mylogfile.log")
# Rotate log every hour
rotateHandler = MultProcTimedRotatingFileHandler(logfile,  when='h')
log.addHandler(rotateHandler)
log.setLevel(INFO)

log.info("Here is a very exciting log message, just for you")

Django Example

# settings.py
LOGGING={
 #...
 'handlers':{
        'custom_mpf_rotate':{
            'level': 'DEBUG',
            'class': 'mpfhandler.MultProcTimedRotatingFileHandler',
            'filename': os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'logs/custom_mptf.log'),
            'when' : 'D', # day, or H for hour
            #'interval' : 1,  # TODO
            #'debug' : False, # handler own log
            'formatter': 'verbose'
        },
  },
 'loggers':{
        ...
        'customapp': {
            'handlers': ['console', 'custom_mpf_rotate'],
            'level': 'DEBUG',
            'propagate': False,
        },
        #...
  }

}

# app/view.py
import logging
log=logging.getLogger(__name__)
log.info('Here is a very exciting log message, just for you')

Attention

  1. interval, backupCount options is not working!
  2. $logpath.lock is the lock file to handle multiple processes, donot delete it.
  3. There is no stress-testing has been done, if it slow down for logging it might be the lock issue.

注意

  1. interval, backupCount 参数暂不支持,这也就是说,日志的压缩清理您需要额外处理。
  2. $logpath.lock 这个文件请不要删除,是用来处理文件锁的。
  3. 还没经过压力测试,如果担心会托慢您的程序,可能是因为文件锁引起.
Release History

Release History

0.0.1

This version

History Node

TODO: Figure out how to actually get changelog content.

Changelog content for this version goes here.

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Download Files

Download Files

TODO: Brief introduction on what you do with files - including link to relevant help section.

File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
mpfhandler-0.0.1.zip (14.4 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Sep 7, 2015

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