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LDAP client or proxy to multiple LDAP server

Project description


pyMultiLDAP can gather data from multiple LDAP servers, can do data aggregation and manipulation with rewrite rules. pyMultiLDAP can act also as a proxy server, behind openldap's slapd-sock backend or any custom implementation.


  • LDAP client to many servers as a single one;
  • Custom functions to manipulate returning data (rewrite rules);
  • Export data in python dictionary, json or ldiff format;
  • Proxy Server, exposing a server daemon usable with slapd-sock backend.

pyMultiLDAP doesn't write to LDAP servers, it just handle readonly data. It's also used to automate smart data processing on-the-fly.

See example/ and multildap/ to understand how to configure and extend it.

Tested on

  • Debian9;
  • Debian10.


Configure multiple connections and search paramenters in


git clone
cd pyMultiLDAP
pip install -r requirements
python3 install

or use pipy [WIP]

pip install pyMultiLDAP

LdapClient Class usage

from multildap.client import LdapClient
from settings import LDAP_CONNECTIONS


# get all the results

# apply a filter
lc.get(search="(&(sn=de marco)(schacPersonalUniqueId=*DMRGPP83*))")
Search and get

See examples/

Difference between .search and .get:

  • search relyies on connection configuration and returns result as it come (raw);
  • get handles custom search filter and retrieve result as dictionary, json, ldif or python object format. It also apply rewrite rules.
import copy

from multildap.client import LdapClient
from settings import LDAP_CONNECTIONS


kwargs = copy.copy(lc.conf)
kwargs['search']['search_filter'] = "(&(sn=de medici)(givenName=aurora))"
r =**kwargs['search'])

Results in json format

from multildap.client import LdapClient
from . settings import LDAP_CONNECTIONS

    lc = LdapClient(LDAP_CONNECTIONS[i])
    print('# Results from: {} ...'.format(lc))

    # get all as defined search_filter configured in settings connection
    # but in json format
    r = lc.get(format='json')

    # set a custom search as method argument
    r = lc.get(search="(&(sn=de marco)(schacPersonalUniqueId=*DMRGPP345tg86H))", format='json')

    print('# End {}'.format(i))

Run the server

Network address -conf -port 1234

Unix domain socket (for slapd-sock backend) -conf ./ -loglevel "DEBUG" -socket /var/run/multildap.sock -pid /var/run/ -uid openldap

Dummy test without any ldap client connection configured, just to test slapd-sock: -conf ./ -dummy -loglevel "DEBUG" -socket /var/run/multildap.sock -pid /var/run/

Test Unix domain socket from cli

nc -U /tmp/multildap.sock

Interfacing it with OpenLDAP slapd-sock

The Slapd-sock backend to slapd uses an external program to handle queries. This makes it possible to have a pool of processes, which persist between requests. This allows multithreaded operation and a higher level of efficiency. Multildapd listens on a Unix domain socket and it must have been started independently;

This module may also be used as an overlay on top of some other database. Use as an overlay allows external actions to be triggered in response to operations on the main database.

Configure slapd-sock as database

Add the module.

ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// <<EOF
dn: cn=module,cn=config
objectClass: olcModuleList
cn: module

Create the database.

ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// <<EOF
dn: olcDatabase={4}sock,cn=config
objectClass: olcDbSocketConfig
olcDatabase: {4}sock
olcDbSocketPath: /var/run/multildap.sock
olcSuffix: dc=proxy,dc=testunical,dc=it
olcDbSocketExtensions: binddn peername ssf

Add an Overlay if you want to wrap an existing backend

ldapmodify -H ldapi:// -Y EXTERNAL <<EOF
dn: olcOverlay=sock,olcDatabase={1}mdb,cn=config
changetype: add
objectClass: olcConfig
objectClass: olcOverlayConfig
objectClass: olcOvSocketConfig
olcOverlay: sock
olcDbSocketPath: /var/run/multildap/multildap.sock
olcOvSocketOps: bind unbind search
olcOvSocketResps: search

Remember to configure an ACL otherwise only ldapsearch -H ldapi:// -Y EXTERNAL as root would fetch ldif. Remember to add a space char ' ' after every olaAccess line, otherwise you'll get Implementation specific error(80).

export BASEDC="dc=testunical,dc=it"

ldapadd -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// <<EOF
dn: olcDatabase={4}sock,cn=config
changeType: modify
replace: olcAccess
olcAccess: to *
 by dn.exact=gidNumber=0+uidNumber=0,cn=peercred,cn=external,cn=auth manage
 by * break
# the following permits self BIND by users
olcAccess: to dn.subtree="dc=proxy,$BASEDC"
 by self read
 by * break
# the following two permits SEARCH by idp and foreign auth system
olcAccess: to dn.subtree="ou=people,$BASEDC"
 by dn.children="ou=auth,$BASEDC" read
 by self read
 by * break
olcAccess: to dn.subtree="ou=people,$BASEDC"
 by dn.children="ou=idp,$BASEDC" read
 by self read
 by * break
olcAccess: to *
 by anonymous auth
 by * break

Authentication (BIND) on top of the multildapd must be configured with attribute rewrite_dn_to regarding every connections in the If abstent the specified connection will be excluded from authentication. TODO: adopt openldap proxy authz statements.

ldapsearch -H ldap://localhost:389 -D "uid=peppe,dc=proxy,dc=testunical,dc=it" -w thatsecret -b 'uid=peppe,dc=proxy,dc=unical,dc=it'


See databases currently installed:

  • ldapsearch -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// -b 'cn=config' -LLL "olcDatabase=*";
  • Use client_strategy = RESTARTABLE instead of REUSABLE in your for better performances;
  • A Backend can not be deleted via ldapdelete/modify until OpenLDAP 2.5 will be released;
  • Changing the socket path
ldapmodify -Y EXTERNAL -H ldapi:/// <<EOF
dn: olcDatabase={4}sock,cn=config
changetype: modify
replace: olcDbSocketPath
olcDbSocketPath: /var/run/multildap.sock
  • Deploy a dummy socket listener with socat, just to debug incoming connection from slapd-sock.
socat -s UNIX-LISTEN:/tmp/slapd-sock,umask=000,fork EXEC:"$your_command"

Other slapd-sock resources:


  • Example configuration with slapd's Proxy Authorization Rules (authzTo: dn.regex:^uid=[^,]*,dc=example,dc=com$);
  • Only SEARCH, BIND and UNBIND is usable, other LDAP methods should be implemented;

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