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Multiple dispatch

Project description

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A relatively sane approach to multiple dispatch in Python.

This implementation of multiple dispatch is efficient, mostly complete, performs static analysis to avoid conflicts, and provides optional namespace support. It looks good too.

See the documentation at https://multiple-dispatch.readthedocs.io/

Example

>>> from multipledispatch import dispatch

>>> @dispatch(int, int)
... def add(x, y):
...     return x + y

>>> @dispatch(object, object)
... def add(x, y):
...     return "%s + %s" % (x, y)

>>> add(1, 2)
3

>>> add(1, 'hello')
'1 + hello'

What this does

  • Dispatches on all non-keyword arguments
  • Supports inheritance
  • Supports instance methods
  • Supports union types, e.g. (int, float)
  • Supports builtin abstract classes, e.g. Iterator, Number, ...
  • Caches for fast repeated lookup
  • Identifies possible ambiguities at function definition time
  • Provides hints to resolve ambiguities when they occur
  • Supports namespaces with optional keyword arguments

What this doesn’t do

  • Vararg dispatch
@dispatch([int])
def add(*args):
    ...
  • Diagonal dispatch
a = arbitrary_type()
@dispatch(a, a)
def are_same_type(x, y):
    return True
  • Efficient update: The addition of a new signature requires a full resolve of the whole function. This becomes troublesome after you get to a few hundred type signatures. It can be mitigated by halting and restarting ordering see (halt_ordering and restart_ordering functions for more information.)

Installation and Dependencies

multipledispatch is on the Python Package Index (PyPI):

pip install multipledispatch

or

easy_install multipledispatch

multipledispatch supports Python 2.6+ and Python 3.2+ with a common codebase. It is pure Python and requires no dependencies beyond the standard library.

It is, in short, a light weight dependency.

License

New BSD. See License file.

Project details


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