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An object mapper for the neo4j graph database.

Project description


An Object Graph Mapper (OGM) for the neo4j graph database, built on the awesome neo4j_driver

If you need assistance with neomodel, please create an issue on the GitHub repo found at

  • Familiar class based model definitions with proper inheritance.
  • Powerful query API.
  • Schema enforcement through cardinality restrictions.
  • Full transaction support.
  • Thread safe.
  • Pre/post save/delete hooks.
  • Django integration via django_neomodel

Reliability Rating Security Rating Documentation Status


For neomodel releases 5.x :

  • Python 3.7+
  • Neo4j 5.x, 4.4 (LTS)

For neomodel releases 4.x :

  • Python 3.7 -> 3.10
  • Neo4j 4.x (including 4.4 LTS for neomodel version 4.0.10)


Available on readthedocs.

New in 5.3.0

neomodel now supports asynchronous programming, thanks to the Neo4j driver async API. The documentation has been updated accordingly, with an updated getting started section, and some specific documentation for the async API.

Breaking changes in 5.3.0

  • config.AUTO_INSTALL_LABELS has been removed. Please use the neomodel_install_labels script instead. Note : this is because of the addition of async, but also because it might lead to uncontrolled creation of indexes/constraints. The script makes you more in control of said creation.
  • The Database class has been moved into neomodel.sync_.core - and a new AsyncDatabase introduced into neomodel.async_.core
  • Based on Python version status, neomodel will be dropping support for Python 3.7 in an upcoming release (5.3 or later). This does not mean neomodel will stop working on Python 3.7, but it will no longer be tested against it
  • Some standalone methods have been refactored into the Database() class. Check the documentation for a full list.


Install from pypi (recommended):

$ pip install neomodel ($ source dev # To install all things needed in a Python3 venv)

# Neomodel has some optional dependencies (including Shapely), to install these use:

$ pip install neomodel['extras']

To install from github:

$ pip install git+git://

Performance comparison

You can find some performance tests made using Locust in this repo.

Two learnings from this :

  • The wrapping of the driver made by neomodel is very thin performance-wise : it does not add a lot of overhead ;
  • When used in a concurrent fashion, async neomodel is faster than concurrent sync neomodel, and a lot of faster than serial queries.


Ideas, bugs, tests and pull requests always welcome. Please use GitHub's Issues page to track these.

If you are interested in developing neomodel further, pick a subject from the Issues page and open a Pull Request (PR) for it. If you are adding a feature that is not captured in that list yet, consider if the work for it could also contribute towards delivering any of the existing issues too.

Running the test suite

Make sure you have a Neo4j database version 4 or higher to run the tests on.:

$ export NEO4J_BOLT_URL=bolt://<username>:<password>@localhost:7687 # check your username and password

Ensure in your database configuration file. Setup a virtual environment, install neomodel for development and run the test suite: :

$ pip install -e '.[dev,pandas,numpy]'
$ pytest

The tests in "" will fail locally if you don't specify the following environment variables:

$ export AURA_TEST_DB_USER=username
$ export AURA_TEST_DB_PASSWORD=password

If you are running a neo4j database for the first time the test suite will set the password to 'test'. If the database is already populated, the test suite will abort with an error message and ask you to re-run it with the --resetdb switch. This is a safeguard to ensure that the test suite does not accidentally wipe out a database if you happen to not have restarted your Neo4j server to point to a (usually named) debug.db database.

If you have docker-compose installed, you can run the test suite against all supported Python interpreters and neo4j versions: :

# in the project's root folder:
$ sh ./

Developing with async

Transpiling async -> sync

We use this great library to automatically transpile async code into its sync version.

In other words, when contributing to neomodel, only update the async code in neomodel/async_, then run : :

isort .
black .

Note that you can also use the pre-commit hooks for this.

Specific async/sync code

This transpiling script mainly does two things :

  • It removes the await keywords, and the Async prefixes in class names
  • It does some specific replacements, like adb->db, mark_async_test->mark_sync_test

It might be that your code should only be run for async, or sync ; or you want different stubs to be run for async vs sync. You can use the following utility function for this - taken from the official Neo4j python driver code :

# neomodel/async_/
from neomodel._async_compat.util import AsyncUtil

# AsyncUtil.is_async_code is always True
if AsyncUtil.is_async_code:
    # Specific async code
    # This one gets run when in async mode
    assert await Coffee.nodes.check_contains(2)
    # Specific sync code
    # This one gest run when in sync mode
    assert 2 in Coffee.nodes

You can check test_match_api for some good examples, and how it's transpiled into sync.

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