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NetBox agent for server

Project description

Netbox agent Build Status

This project aims to create hardware automatically into Netbox based on standard tools (dmidecode, lldpd, parsing /sys/, etc).

The goal is to generate an existing infrastructure on Netbox and have the ability to update it regularly by executing the agent.

Features

  • Create virtual machines, servers, chassis and blade through standard tools (dmidecode)
  • Create physical, bonding and vlan network interfaces with IPs (IPv4 & IPv6)
  • Create IPMI interface if found
  • Create or get existing VLAN and associate it to interfaces
  • Generic ability to guess datacenters and rack location through drivers (cmd and file and custom ones)
  • Update existing Device and Interface
  • Handle blade moving (new slot, new chassis)
  • Automatic cabling (server's interface to switch's interface) using lldp
  • Local inventory using Inventory Item for CPU, RAM, RAID cards, physical disks (behind raid cards)
  • PSUs creation and power consumption reporting (based on vendor's tools)

Requirements

Inventory requirement

  • hpassacli
  • storcli
  • omreport

Installation

# pip3 install netbox-agent

Usage

The agent can be run from a shell and get its configuration from either the configuration file or environment variables.

Configuration values are overridden based on the following precedence: command line arguments (might include config file) > environment variables > default config file > defaults.

# netbox_agent -c /etc/netbox_agent.yml --register
INFO:root:Creating chassis blade (serial: QTFCQ574502EF)
INFO:root:Creating blade (serial: QTFCQ574502D2) myserver on chassis QTFCQ574502EF
INFO:root:Setting device (QTFCQ574502D2) new slot on Slot 9 (Chassis QTFCQ574502EF)..
INFO:root:Interface a8:1e:84:f2:9e:6a not found, creating..
INFO:root:Creating NIC enp1s0f1 (a8:1e:84:f2:9e:6a) on myserver
INFO:root:Interface 02:42:7a:89:cf:a4 not found, creating..
INFO:root:Creating NIC br-07ea1e4a2f0e (02:42:7a:89:cf:a4) on myserver
INFO:root:Create new IP 172.19.0.1/16 on br-07ea1e4a2f0e
INFO:root:Interface a8:1e:84:f2:9e:69 not found, creating..
INFO:root:Creating NIC enp1s0f0 (a8:1e:84:f2:9e:69) on myserver
INFO:root:Create new IP 42.42.42.42/24 on enp1s0f0
INFO:root:Create new IP fe80::aa1e:84ff:fef2:9e69/64 on enp1s0f0
INFO:root:Interface a8:1e:84:cd:9d:d6 not found, creating..
INFO:root:Creating NIC IPMI (a8:1e:84:cd:9d:d6) on myserver
INFO:root:Create new IP 10.191.122.10/24 on IPMI

If you need, you can update only specific informations like:

  • Network
  • Inventory
  • Location
  • PSUs
# ip a add 42.42.42.43/24 dev enp1s0f1
# netbox_agent -c /etc/netbox_agent.yaml --update-network
INFO:root:Create new IP 42.42.42.43/24 on enp1s0f1
# netbox_agent --update-inventory
INFO:root:Creating Disk Samsung SSD 850 S2RBNX0K101698D

Configuration

# Netbox configuration
netbox:
 url: 'http://netbox.internal.company.com'
 token: supersecrettoken

# Network configuration
network:
  # Regex to ignore interfaces 
  ignore_interfaces: "(dummy.*|docker.*)"
  # Regex to ignore IP addresses
  ignore_ips: (127\.0\.0\..*)
  # enable auto-cabling by parsing LLDP answers
  lldp: true

## Enable virtual machine support 
# virtual:
#   # not mandatory, can be guessed
#   enabled: True
#   # see https://netbox.company.com/virtualization/clusters/
#   cluster_name: my_vm_cluster

# Enable datacenter location feature in Netbox
datacenter_location:
 driver: "cmd:cat /etc/qualification | tr [a-z] [A-Z]"
 regex: "DATACENTER: (?P<datacenter>[A-Za-z0-9]+)"
# driver: 'cmd:lldpctl'
# regex: 'SysName: .*\.([A-Za-z0-9]+)'
#
# driver: "file:/tmp/datacenter"
# regex: "(.*)"

# Enable rack location feature in Netbox
rack_location:
# driver: 'cmd:lldpctl'
# match SysName: sw-dist-a1.dc42
# regex: 'SysName:[ ]+[A-Za-z]+-[A-Za-z]+-([A-Za-z0-9]+)'
#
# driver: "file:/tmp/datacenter"
# regex: "(.*)"

# Enable local inventory reporting 
inventory: true

Specific workflow

Blades

Each vendor class has a is_blade method which is later used for Device creation using the Netbox parent/child feature.

The get_blade_slot method return the name of the Device Bay.

Certain vendors don't report the blade slot in dmidecode, so we can use the slot_location regex feature of the configuration file.

Anycast IP

The default behavior of the agent is to assign an interface to an IP. So two servers with anycasted IPs, running update mode, would only trigger IP's interface assignement in a loop.

In order to handle this case, user need to set Netbox IP's mode to Anycast so that the agent will create another one if it's present on another server.

Hardware

Tested on:

Virtual Machines

  • Hyper-V
  • VMWare
  • VirtualBox
  • AWS
  • GCP

Dell Inc.

Blades

  • PowerEdge MX7000
  • PowerEdge M1000e (your DeviceType should have slots named Slot 01 and so on)
  • PowerEdge MX740c
  • PowerEdge M640
  • PowerEdge M630
  • PowerEdge M620
  • PowerEdge M610

Pizzas

  • DSS7500

HP / HPE

Blades

  • HP BladeSystem c7000 Enclosure G2 / G3 (your DeviceType should have slots named Bay 1 and so on)
  • HP ProLiant BL460c Gen8
  • HP ProLiant BL460c Gen9
  • HP ProLiant BL460c Gen10

Pizzas

  • ProLiant DL380p Gen8
  • ProLiant SL4540 Gen8
  • ProLiant SL4540 Gen9
  • ProLiant XL450 Gen10

Supermicro

Blades

Feel free to send me a dmidecode output for Supermicro's blade!

Pizzas

  • SSG-6028R
  • SYS-6018R

QCT

Blades

  • QuantaMicro X10E-9N

Pizzas

  • Nothing ATM, feel free to send me a dmidecode or make a PR!

Known limitations

  • The project is only compatible with Linux. Since it uses ethtool and parses /sys/ directory, it's not compatible with *BSD distributions.
  • Netbox >=2.6.0,<=2.6.2 has a caching problem ; if the cache lifetime is too high, the script can get stale data after modification. We advise to set CACHE_TIME to 0.

Developing

If you want to run the agent while adding features or just for debugging purposes

# git clone https://github.com/Solvik/netbox-agent.git
# cd netbox-agent
# python3 -m netbox_agent.cli --register

On a personal note, I use the docker image from netbox-community/netbox-docker

# git clone https://github.com/netbox-community/netbox-docker
# cd netbox-docker
# docker-compose pull
# docker-compose up 

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