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Analyzing Complex Networks with Python

Project description


Analyzing Complex Networks with Python

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netsci is a python package for efficient statistical analysis of spatially-embedded networks. In addition, it offers several algorithms and implementations (CPU and GPU-based) of motif counting algorithms.

For other models and metrics, we highly recommend using existing and richer tools. Noteworthy packages are the magnificent NetworkX, graph-tool or Brain Connectivity Toolbox.

A simple example

Analyzing a star network (of four nodes)

import numpy as np
import netsci.visualization as nsv

A = np.array([[0,1,1,1], [0,0,0,0], [0,0,0,0], [0,0,0,0]])
nsv.plot_directed_network(A, pos=[[0,0],[-1,1],[1,1],[0,-np.sqrt(2)]])

Alt text

import netsci.metrics.motifs as nsm
f = nsm.motifs(A, algorithm='brute-force')
# [1 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0]

Alt text

Using GPU for the motif counting is easy

from netsci.models.random import erdos_renyi

A_er = erdos_renyi(n=1000, p=0.01, random_state=71070)    # Create an Erdős–Rényi network
f_er = nsm.motifs(A_er, algorithm='gpu')                  # Count motifs using a GPU

# [156453141   9481653     37283     95997     47667     48287      1001       843
#        769       334         2         9         5         9         0         0]


Install latest release version via pip

$ pip install netsci

Install latest development version

via pip

$ pip install git+

or in development mode

$ git clone
$ cd netsci
$ pip install -e .


After installation, you can launch the test suite:

$ pytest

Help and Support


Theme MyBinder Colab
Basic network motifs demo Binder
Connectomics dataset, and 3-neuron motif embedding Binder Open In Colab


Please send any questions you might have about the code and/or the algorithm to


If you use netsci in a scientific publication, please consider citing the following paper:

Gal, E., Perin, R., Markram, H., London, M., and Segev, I. (2019). Neuron Geometry Underlies a Universal Local Architecture in Neuronal Networks. BioRxiv 656058.

Bibtex entry:

@article {Gal2019
    author = {Gal, Eyal and Perin, Rodrigo and Markram, Henry and London, Michael and Segev, Idan},
    title = {Neuron Geometry Underlies a Universal Local Architecture in Neuronal Networks},
    year = {2019},
    doi = {10.1101/656058},
    journal = {bioRxiv}

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