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A Python toolbox for performing gradient-free optimization

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Nevergrad - A gradient-free optimization platform


nevergrad is a Python 3.8+ library. It can be installed with:

pip install nevergrad

More installation options, including windows installation, and complete instructions are available in the "Getting started" section of the documentation.

You can join Nevergrad users Facebook group here.

Minimizing a function using an optimizer (here NGOpt) is straightforward:

import nevergrad as ng

def square(x):
    return sum((x - .5)**2)

optimizer = ng.optimizers.NGOpt(parametrization=2, budget=100)
recommendation = optimizer.minimize(square)
print(recommendation.value)  # recommended value
>>> [0.49971112 0.5002944]

nevergrad can also support bounded continuous variables as well as discrete variables, and mixture of those. To do this, one can specify the input space:

import nevergrad as ng

def fake_training(learning_rate: float, batch_size: int, architecture: str) -> float:
    # optimal for learning_rate=0.2, batch_size=4, architecture="conv"
    return (learning_rate - 0.2)**2 + (batch_size - 4)**2 + (0 if architecture == "conv" else 10)

# Instrumentation class is used for functions with multiple inputs
# (positional and/or keywords)
parametrization = ng.p.Instrumentation(
    # a log-distributed scalar between 0.001 and 1.0
    learning_rate=ng.p.Log(lower=0.001, upper=1.0),
    # an integer from 1 to 12
    batch_size=ng.p.Scalar(lower=1, upper=12).set_integer_casting(),
    # either "conv" or "fc"
    architecture=ng.p.Choice(["conv", "fc"])

optimizer = ng.optimizers.NGOpt(parametrization=parametrization, budget=100)
recommendation = optimizer.minimize(fake_training)

# show the recommended keyword arguments of the function
>>> {'learning_rate': 0.1998, 'batch_size': 4, 'architecture': 'conv'}

Learn more on parametrization in the documentation!

Example of optimization

Convergence of a population of points to the minima with two-points DE.


Check out our documentation! It's still a work in progress, so don't hesitate to submit issues and/or pull requests (PRs) to update it and make it clearer! The last version of our data and the last version of our PDF report.


    author = {J. Rapin and O. Teytaud},
    title = {{Nevergrad - A gradient-free optimization platform}},
    year = {2018},
    publisher = {GitHub},
    journal = {GitHub repository},
    howpublished = {\url{}},


nevergrad is released under the MIT license. See LICENSE for additional details about it. See also our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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