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Shell config file parser (json, yaml)

Project description

niet

Build Status PyPI PyPI - Python Version PyPI - Status

Get data from yaml file directly in your shell

Features

  • Extract values from json format
  • Extract values from yaml format
  • Automaticaly detect format (json/yaml)
  • Read data from file or pass data from stdin
  • Format output values

Install or Update niet

$ pip install -U niet

Requirements

  • Python 2.7+

Usage

Help and options

$ niet --help
usage: niet [-h] [-f {ifs,squote,newline,dquote,yaml,json}] [-s] [-v]
            object [file]

Read data from YAML or JSON file

positional arguments:
  object                Path to object separated by dot (.). Use '.' to get
                        whole file. eg: a.b.c
  file                  Optional JSON or YAML filename. If not provided niet
                        read from stdin

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -f {ifs,squote,newline,dquote,yaml,json}, --format {ifs,squote,newline,dquote,yaml,json}
                        output format
  -s, --silent          silent mode, doesn't display message when element was
                        not found
  -v, --version         print the Niet version number and exit (also
                        --version)

output formats:
  ifs   Return all elements of a list separated by IFS env var
  squote        Add single quotes to result
  newline       Return all element of a list in a new line
  dquote        Add double quotes to result
  yaml  Return object in YAML
  json  Return object in JSON

With Json from stdin

$ echo '{"foo": "bar", "fizz": {"buzz": ["1", "2", "Fizz", "4", "Buzz"]}}' | niet fizz.buzz
1
2
Fizz
4
Buzz
$ echo '{"foo": "bar", "fizz": {"buzz": ["1", "2", "Fizz", "4", "Buzz"]}}' | niet fizz.buzz -f squote
'1' '2''Fizz' '4' 'Buzz'
$ echo '{"foo": "bar", "fizz": {"buzz": ["1", "2", "Fizz", "4", "Buzz"]}}' | niet . -f yaml
fizz:
  buzz:
  - '1'
  - '2'
  - Fizz
  - '4'
  - Buzz
foo: bar

With YAML file

Consider the yaml file with the following content:

# /path/to/your/file.yaml
project:
    meta:
        name: my-project
    foo: bar
    list-items:
        - item1
        - item2
        - item3

You can download the previous example locally for testing purpose or use the command line for this:

wget https://gist.githubusercontent.com/4383/53e1599663b369f499aa28e27009f2cd/raw/389b82c19499b8cb84a464784e9c79aa25d3a9d3/file.yaml

You can retrieve data from this file by using niet like this:

$ niet ".project.meta.name" /path/to/your/file.yaml
my-project
$ niet ".project.foo" /path/to/your/file.yaml
bar
$ niet ".project.list-items" /path/to/your/file.yaml
item1 item2 item3
$ # assign return value to shell variable
$ NAME=$(niet ".project.meta.name" /path/to/your/file.yaml)
$ echo $NAME
my-project

With JSON file

Consider the json file with the following content:

{
    "project": {
        "meta": {
            "name": "my-project"
        }
    },
    "foo": "bar",
    "list-items": [
        "item1",
        "item2",
        "item3"
    ]
}

You can download the previous example locally for testing purpose or use the command line for this:

wget https://gist.githubusercontent.com/4383/1bab8973474625de738f5f6471894322/raw/0048cd2310df2d98bf4f230ffe20da8fa615cef3/file.json

You can retrieve data from this file by using niet like this:

$ niet "project.meta.name" /path/to/your/file.json
my-project
$ niet "project.foo" /path/to/your/file.json
bar
$ niet "project.list-items" /path/to/your/file.json
item1 item2 item3
$ # assign return value to shell variable
$ NAME=$(niet "project.meta.name" /path/to/your/file.json)
$ echo $NAME
my-project

Output formats

You can change the output format using the -f or --format optional argument.

By default, niet detect the input format and display complex objects in the same format. If the object is a list or a value, newline output format will be used.

Output formats are:

  • ifs
  • squote
  • dquote
  • newline
  • yaml
  • json

ifs

Ifs output format print all values of a list or a single value in one line. All values are separated by the content of IFS environment variable if defined, space otherwise.

Examples (consider the previous YAML file example):

$ IFS="|" niet .project.list-items /path/to/your/file.yaml -f ifs
item1|item2|item3
$ IFS=" " niet .project.list-items /path/to/your/file.yaml -f ifs
item1 item2 item3
$ IFS="@" niet .project.list-items /path/to/your/file.yaml -f ifs
item1@item2@item3

This is usefull in a shell for loop, but your content must, of course, don't contain IFS value:

OIFS="$IFS"
IFS="|"
for i in $(niet .project.list-items /path/to/your/file.yaml -f ifs); do
    echo ${i}
done
IFS="${OIFS}"

Previous example provide the following output:

item1
item2
item3

For single quoted see squote ouput or dquote double quoted output with IFS

squote

Squotes output format print all values of a list or a single value in one line. All values are quoted with single quotes and are separated by IFS value.

Examples (consider the previous YAML file example):

$ # With the default IFS
$ niet .project.list-items /path/to/your/file.yaml -f squote
'item1' 'item2' 'item3'
$ # With a specified IFS
$ IFS="|" niet .project.list-items /path/to/your/file.yaml -f squote
'item1'|'item2'|'item3'

dquote

Dquotes output format print all values of a list or a single value in one line. All values are quoted with a double quotes and are separated by IFS value.

Examples (consider the previous YAML file example):

$ # With the default IFS
$ niet .project.list-items /path/to/your/file.yaml -f dquote
'item1' 'item2' 'item3'
$ # With a specified IFS
$ IFS="|" niet .project.list-items /path/to/your/file.yaml -f dquote
"item1"|"item2"|"item3"

newline

Newline output format print one value of a list or a single value per line. This format is usefull using shell while read loop. eg:

while read value: do
    echo $value
done < $(niet --format newline project.list-items your-file.json)

yaml

Yaml output format force output to be in YAML regardless the input file format.

json

Json output format force output to be in JSON regardless the input file format.

Result not found

By default when no results was found niet display a specific message and return the error code 1, example:

$ echo '{"foo": "bar", "fizz": {"buzz": ["1", "2", "3"]}}' | niet fizz.gogo
Element not found: fizz.gogo
$ echo $?
1

You can avoid this behavior by passing niet into a silent mode.

Silent mode allow you to hide the specific message error but continue to return a status code equal to 1 when the key was not found.

You can use the silent mode by using the flag -s/--silent, example:

$ echo '{"foo": "bar", "fizz": {"buzz": ["1", "2", "3"]}}' | niet fizz.gogo -s
$ echo $?
1

Deal with errors

When your JSON file content are not valid niet display an error and exit with return code 1

You can easily protect your script like this:

PROJECT_NAME=$(niet project.meta.name your-file.yaml)
if [ "$?" = "1" ]; then
    echo "Error occur ${PROJECT_NAME}"
else
    echo "Project name: ${PROJECT_NAME}"
fi

Examples

You can try niet by using the samples provided with the project sources code.

All the following examples use the sample file available in niet sources code at the following location tests/samples/sample.yaml.

Sample example:

# tests/samples/sample.yaml
project:
    meta:
        name: my-project
    foo: bar
    list-items:
        - item1
        - item2
        - item3

Retrieve the project name:

$ niet project.meta.name tests/samples/sample.yaml
my-project

Deal with list of items

$ for el in $(niet project.list-items tests/samples/sample.yaml); do echo ${el}; done
item1
item2
item3

Transform JSON to YAML

With niet you can easily convert your JSON to YAML

$ niet . tests/samples/sample.json -f yaml
project:
  foo: bar
  list-items:
  - item1
  - item2
  - item3
  meta:
    name: my-project

Transform YAML to JSON

With niet you can easily convert your YAML to JSON

$ niet . tests/samples/sample.yaml -f json
{
    "project": {
        "meta": {
            "name": "my-project"
        },
        "foo": "bar",
        "list-items": [
            "item1",
            "item2",
            "item3"
        ]
    }
}

Tips

You can pass your search with or without quotes like this:

$ niet project.meta.name your-file.yaml
$ niet "project.meta.name" your-file.yaml

Contribute

If you want to contribute to niet please first read the contribution guidelines

Licence

This project is under the MIT License.

See the license file for more details

Hervé Beraud herveberaud.pro@gmail.com Sébastien Boyron sebastien@boyron.eu

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