A markdown-like document editor for writing novels
novelWriter is a markdown-like text editor designed for writing novels and larger projects of many smaller plain text documents. It uses its own flavour of markdown that supports a meta data syntax for comments, synopsis and cross-referencing between files. It's designed to be a simple text editor which allows for easy organisation of text files and notes, built on plain text files for robustness.
The plain text storage is suitable for version control software, and also well suited for file synchronisation tools. The core project structure is stored in a project XML file. Other meta data is primarily saved in JSON files.
The full documentation is available at novelwriter.readthedocs.io.
The contributing guide is available in CONTRIBUTING.
Note on the Default Branch
The default branch on this repository switched to
main on 6. August 2020. If you are running
novelWriter from a git clone, you need to clone the repository again.
Alternatively, you can run the following to get back on the main branch:
git remote update git checkout -t origin/main
The application is still under initial development, but all core features have now been added. The core functionality has been in place for a while, and novelWriter is being used for writing projects by the author and collaborators.
No new major features will be added at this time, until the application is stable. Until then, novelWriter is in a beta state. Please report any issues you may encounter in the repository issue tracker.
You should be able to use novelWriter for real projects, but as with all software, please make regular backups. There is a built in backup feature that can pack the entire project into a zip file on close. Please check the documentation for further details.
Bundled assets have the following licenses:
- The Typicon-based icon themes by Stephen Hutchings are licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0. The icons have been altered in size and colour for use with novelWriter, and some additional icons added. The original icon set is available at stephenhutchings/typicons.font.
- The Cantarell font by Dave Crossland is licensed under OPEN FONT LICENSE Version 1.1. It is available at Google Fonts.
- The Tomorrow syntax themes use colour schemes taken from Chris Kempson's collection of code editor themes, licensed with the MIT License, and the main repo is available at chriskempson/tomorrow-theme.
- Likewise, the Owl syntax themes use colours from Sarah Drasner's code editor themes, licensed with the MIT License, and the main repo is available at sdras/night-owl-vscode-theme.
novelWriter is not a full-feature Markdown editor. It allows for a minimal set of formatting needed for writing text documents for novels. These are currently limited to:
- Headings level 1 to 4 using the
- Emphasised, strong text. These are rendered as italicised and bold.
- Strikethrough text.
- Hard line breaks using two or more spaces at the end of a line.
That is it. Features not supported in the editor are also not exported when using the export tool.
In addition, novelWriter adds the following, which is otherwise not supported by Markdown:
- A line starting with
%is treated as a comment and not rendered on exports unless requested. Comments do not count towards the word count. If the first word of the comment is
synopsis:, the comment is indexed and treated as the synopsis for the following section of text. These synopsis comments can be used to build an outline and exported to external documents.
- A set of meta data keyword/value sets starting with the character
@. This is used for tagging and inter-linking documents.
- Non-breaking spaces are supported as long as your system is using at least Qt 5.9. For earlier version, non-breaking spaces are converted to normal spaces when saving the document. This is done by the Qt library.
- Thin spaces are also supported, as well as non-breaking thin spaces.
- Tabs may be rendered, depending on export format. With Qt 5.10 or higher, the width of a tab in pixels can be changed in Preferences.
The core export format of novelWriter is HTML5. You can also export the entire project as a single novelWriter flavour document. In addition, other exports to Open Document, PDF, and plain text is offered through the Qt library, although with limitations to formatting.
The application is written in Python3 using Qt5 via PyQt5. It is developed on Linux, but it should in principle work fine on other operating systems as well as long as dependencies are met. It is regularly tested on Windows 10.
The application can be started from the source folder with one of the commands:
./novelWriter.py python novelWriter.py python3 novelWriter.py
It also takes a few parameters for debugging and such, which can be listed with the switch
In the root assets folder there are icons and scripts and a template for setting up a launcher on Gnome desktops. You may need to modify those scripts slightly, but as they are, they work on Debian and Ubuntu. For other operating systems, please consult your operating system documentation for how to make those. Feel free to submit more if you are able to make them.
It is recommended that novelWriter runs with Qt 5.10 or later, and Python 3.6 or later. Running with Qt as low as 5.2.1 and Python 3.4.3 has been tested, and worked in the past, but there are no guarantees that this will keep working as these are not a part of the test builds.
For the apt package manager on Debian systems, the following Python3 packages are needed:
python3-pyqt5for the GUI
python3-pyqt5.qtsvgmay need to be installed separately
python3-lxmlfor writing project files
These are optional, but recommended:
python3-enchantfor better spell checking
Alternatively, the packages can be installed with
pip by running
pip install -r requirements.txt
in the application folder.
You can also do them one at a time, skipping the ones you don't need:
pip install pyqt5 pip install lxml pip install pyenchant
PyQt/Qt should be at least 5.3, but ideally 5.10 or higher for nearly all features to work.
Exporting to markdown requires PyQt/Qt 5.14. There are no known minimum for
lxml, but the code
was originally written with 4.2. The optional spell check library must be at least 3.0.0 to work
with Windows 64 bit systems. On Linux, 2.0.0 also works fine.
If no external spell checking tool is installed, novelWriter will use a basic spell checker based on
standard Python package
difflib. Currently, only English dictionaries are available for this spell
checker, but more can be added to the
nw/assets/dict folder. See the README
file in that folder for how to generate more dictionaries. Note that the difflib-based option is
both slow and limited.
Note: On Windows, make sure Python3 is in your PATH if you want to launch novelWriter from command
line. You can also right click the
novelWriter.py file, create a shortcut, then right click again,
select "Properties" and change the target to your python executable and
It should look something like this:
Some features of novelWriter are listed below. Consult the documentation for more information.
The editor has syntax highlighting for the features it supports, and includes a set of different syntax highlighting themes. The GUI also has an optional dark theme in addition to the default system theme.
New themes can easily be added to the
nw/assets/themes folder. Have a look in the existing folders
for examples of how to define the colours.
Auto-Saving and Document Stats
Open documents and the project file itself is saved regularly on a timer. The status of this is indicated by two indicators on the right hand side of the status bar. Latest project word count is shown next to these indicators in the status bar. The counts are updated regularly, but not as-you-type.
The word count for documents is presented in a footer in the document editor itself. Both project and document word counters will also show how many words you've added in the current writing session.
Easy Organising of Project Files
The structure of the project is shown on the left hand side of the main GUI. Project files are organised into root folders, indicating what class of file they are. The most important root folder is the Novel folder, which contains all of the files that makes up the finished novel. Each root folder can have subfolders. Folders have no impact on the project structure, they are purely tools for organising the files in whatever way the user needs.
The editor supports four levels of headings, which determines what level the following text belongs to. Headings of level one signify a book or partition title. Headings of level two signify the start of a new chapter. Headings of level three signify the start of a new scene. Headings of level four can be used internally in each scene to separate sections.
Each novel file can be assigned a layout format, which shows up as a flag next to the item in the project tree. These are mostly to help the user see what they contain, but they also have some impact on the format of the exported document. See the documentation for further details.
Supporting note files can be added for the story plot, characters, locations, story timeline, etc. These have their separate root folders. These are optional files.
Visualisation of Story Elements
The different notes can be assigned tags, which other files can refer back to using special meta keywords. This information can be used to display an outline of the story, showing where each scene connects to the plot, and which characters, etc. occur in them. In addition, the tags themselves are clickable in the document view pane, and control-clickable in the editor. They make it possible to quickly navigate between the documents while editing.
If you want to contribute to novelWriter, please follow the coding convention laid out in the Style Guide. They broadly follow Python PEP8, but there are a few modifications.
novelWriter with default system theme:
novelWriter with dark theme:
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