A markdown-like document editor for writing novels
novelWriter is a Markdown-like text editor designed for writing novels and larger projects of many smaller plain text documents. It uses its own flavour of Markdown that supports a meta data syntax for comments, synopsis, and cross-referencing between files. It's designed to be a simple text editor that allows for easy organisation of text files and notes, built on plain text files for robustness.
The plain text storage is suitable for version control software, and also well suited for file synchronisation tools. The core project structure is stored in a project XML file. Other meta data is primarily saved in JSON files.
The full documentation is available at novelwriter.readthedocs.io.
The contributing guide is available in CONTRIBUTING.
The application is still under initial development, but all core features have now been added. The core functionality has been in place for a while, and novelWriter is being used for writing projects by the author and collaborators.
No new major features will be added at this time, until the application is stable. Until then, novelWriter is in a beta state. Please report any issues you encounter via the repository's issue tracker.
You should be able to use novelWriter for real projects, but as with all software, please make regular backups of your data. There is a built in backup feature that can pack the entire project into a zip file each time the main window or the project is closed. Please check the documentation for further details.
The application is written in Python 3 using Qt5 via PyQt5. It is developed on Linux, but it should in principle work fine on other operating systems as well as long as dependencies are met. The unit tests are run on the latest versions of Ubuntu Linux, Windows Server and macOS.
Installing and Running
You can runt novelWriter either from a downloaded copy of the source code, or by running:
pip install novelwriter
Note: On some systems you must use
pip3 instead for the Python 3 version.
You can update novelWriter to the latest version by running:
pip install --upgrade novelwriter
The application can then be started with one of the commands, depending on your Python configuration:
./novelWriter.py python novelWriter.py python3 novelWriter.py
It also takes a few parameters for debugging and such, which can be listed with the switch
--verbose flags are particularly useful for increasing logging output
You can also provide a path to a folder containing a novelWriter project as the last parameter.
Launcher and Icons
In the root assets folder there are icons and scripts and a template for setting up a launcher on Gnome desktops. You may need to modify those scripts slightly, but as they are, they work on Debian and Ubuntu. For other operating systems, please consult your operating system documentation for how to make those. Feel free to submit more if you are able to make them.
It is recommended that novelWriter runs with Qt 5.10 or later, and Python 3.6 or later. Running with Qt as low as 5.2.1 and Python 3.4.3 has been tested, and worked in the past, but there are no guarantees that this will keep working as these are not a part of the test builds.
Generally, dependencies can be installed via
pip3 install -r requirements.txt
You can also install the packages from the distro's own package manager. For the apt package manager on Debian/Ubuntu systems, the following Python3 packages are needed:
python3-pyqt5for the GUI
python3-lxmlfor writing project files
python3-enchantfor better spell checking (optional)
These instructions assume you're using brew, and have Python and pip set up. If not, see the brew docs for help.
Main requirements are installed via the requirements file.
You also need to install the
pyobjc package on macOS, so you must run:
pip3 install --user -r requirements.txt pip3 install --user pyobjc
For spell checking you may also need to install the enchant package. It comes with a lot of default dictionaries.
brew install enchant
On Windows, the
pip install command is generally sufficient to install everything you need.
That should also install the Qt libraries and the spell check dictionary dependencies.
Note: On Windows, make sure Python3 is in your PATH if you want to launch novelWriter from
command line. You can also right click the
novelWriter.py file, create a shortcut, then right
click again, select "Properties" and change the target to your python executable and
It should look something like this:
PyQt/Qt should be at least 5.3, but ideally 5.10 or higher for nearly all features to work.
Exporting to Markdown requires PyQt/Qt 5.14. There are no known minimum for
lxml, but the code
was originally written with 4.2. The optional spell check library must be at least 3.0.0 to work
with Windows 64 bit systems. On Linux, 2.0.0 also works fine.
If no external spell checking tool is installed, novelWriter will use a basic spell checker based on
standard Python package
difflib. Currently, only English dictionaries are available for this spell
checker, but more can be added to the
nw/assets/dict folder. See the README
file in that folder for how to generate more dictionaries. Note that the difflib-based option is
both slow and limited.
Some features of novelWriter are listed below. Consult the documentation for more information.
novelWriter is not a full-feature Markdown editor. It allows for a minimal set of formatting needed for writing text documents for novels. These are currently limited to:
- Headings level 1 to 4 using the
- Emphasised and strong text. These are rendered as italicised and bold.
- Strikethrough text.
- Hard line breaks using two or more spaces at the end of a line.
That is it. Features not supported in the editor are also not exported when using the export tool.
In addition, novelWriter adds the following, which is otherwise not supported by Markdown:
- A line starting with
%is treated as a comment and not rendered on exports unless requested. Comments do not count towards the word count. If the first word of the comment is
synopsis:, the comment is indexed and treated as the synopsis for the section of text under the same header. These synopsis comments can be used to build an outline and exported to external documents.
- A set of meta data keyword/values starting with the character
@. This is used for tagging and inter-linking documents, and can be used to generate a project outline.
- Non-breaking spaces are supported as long as your system is using at least Qt 5.9. For earlier version, non-breaking spaces are converted to normal spaces when saving the document. This is done by the Qt library.
- Thin spaces are also supported, as well as non-breaking thin spaces, with the same library version restriction as above.
- Tabs can be used in the text, and should be properly aligned. The width of a tab in pixels can be changed in Preferences. Note that for the HTML format, most browsers will treat a tab as a space, so it may not show up like expected. If you import the HTML file to Libre Office, for instance, they should appear as expected.
The core export format of novelWriter is HTML5. You can also export the entire project as a single novelWriter Markdown-flavour document. In addition, other exports to Open Document, PDF, and plain text is offered through the Qt library, although with limitations to formatting.
The HTML format is well suited for file conversion tools and import into other text editors.
The editor has syntax highlighting for the features it supports, and includes a set of different syntax highlighting themes. The GUI also has an optional dark theme in addition to the default system theme.
New themes can easily be added to the
nw/assets/themes folder. Have a look in the existing folders
for examples of how to define the colours.
Easy Organising of Project Files
The structure of the project is shown on the left hand side of the main GUI. Project files are organised into root folders, indicating what class of file they are. The most important root folder is the Novel folder, which contains all of the files that makes up the finished novel. Each root folder can have subfolders. Folders have no impact on the final project structure, they are purely tools for organising the files in whatever way the user needs.
The editor supports four levels of headings, which determines what level the following text belongs to. Headings of level one signify a book or partition title. Headings of level two signify the start of a new chapter. Headings of level three signify the start of a new scene. Headings of level four can be used internally in each scene to separate sections.
Each novel file can be assigned a layout format, which shows up as a flag next to the item in the project tree. These are mostly to help the user track what they contain, but they also have some impact on the format of the exported document. See the documentation for further details.
Supporting note files can be added for the story plot, characters, locations, story timeline, etc. These have their separate root folders. These are optional files.
Visualisation of Story Elements
The different notes can be assigned tags, which other files can refer back to using the
keywords. This information can be used to display an outline of the story, showing where each scene
connects to the plot, and which characters, etc. occur in them. In addition, the tags themselves are
clickable in the document view pane, and control-clickable in the editor. They make it possible to
quickly navigate between the documents while editing.
Bundled assets have the following licenses:
- The Typicon-based icon themes by Stephen Hutchings are licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0. The icons have been altered in size and colour for use with novelWriter, and some additional icons added. The original icon set is available at stephenhutchings/typicons.font.
- The Cantarell font by Dave Crossland is licensed under OPEN FONT LICENSE Version 1.1. It is available at Google Fonts.
- The Tomorrow syntax themes use colour schemes taken from Chris Kempson's collection of code editor themes, licensed with the MIT License, and the main repo is available at chriskempson/tomorrow-theme.
- Likewise, the Owl syntax themes use colours from Sarah Drasner's code editor themes, licensed with the MIT License, and the main repo is available at sdras/night-owl-vscode-theme.
novelWriter with default system theme:
novelWriter with dark theme:
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