A NumPy extension that allows arrays to be indexed using labels

# NumPy String-Indexed

NumPy String-Indexed is a NumPy extension that allows arrays to be indexed using descriptive string labels, rather than conventional zero-indexing. When a friendly matrix object is initialized, labels are assigned to each array index and each dimension, and they stick to the array after NumPy-style operations such as transposing, concatenating, and aggregating. This prevents Python programmers from having to keep track mentally of what each axis and each index represents, instead making each reference to the array in code naturally self-documenting.

NumPy String-Indexed is especially useful for applications like machine learning, scientific computing, and data science, where there is heavy use of multidimensional arrays.

The friendly matrix object is implemented as a lightweight wrapper around a NumPy ndarray. It's easy to add to a new or existing project to make it easier to maintain code, and has negligible memory and performance overhead compared to the size of array (O(x + y + z) vs. O(xyz)).

## Basic functionality

It's recommended to import NumPy String-Indexed idiomatically as fm:

import friendly_matrix as fm


Labels are provided during object construction and can optionally be used in place of numerical indices for slicing and indexing.

The example below shows how to construct a friendly matrix containing an image with three color channels:

image = fm.ndarray(
numpy_ndarray_image,  # np.ndarray with shape (3, 100, 100)
dim_names=['color_channel', 'top_to_bottom', 'left_to_right'],
color_channel=['R', 'G', 'B'])


The matrix can then be sliced like this:

# friendly matrix with shape (100, 100)
r_channel = image(color_channel='R')

# an integer
g_top_left_pixel_value = image('G', 0, 0)

# friendly matrix with shape (2, 100, 50)
br_channel_left_half = image(
color_channel=('B', 'R'),
left_to_right=range(image.dim_length('left_to_right') // 2))


## Documentation

Full documentation can be found here. Below is a brief overview of Friendly Matrix functionality.

## Matrix operations

Friendly matrix objects can be operated on just like NumPy ndarrays with minimal overhead. The package contains separate implementations of most of the relevant NumPy ndarray operations, taking advantage of labels. For example:

side_by_side = fm.concatenate((image1, image2), axis='left_to_right')


An optimized alternative is to perform label-less operations, by adding "_A" (for "array") to the operation name:

side_by_side_arr = fm.concatenate_A((image1, image2), axis='left_to_right')


If it becomes important to optimize within a particular scope, it's recommended to shed labels before operating:

for image in huge_list:
image_processor(image.A)


## Computing matrices

A friendly matrix is an ideal structure for storing and retrieving the results of computations over multiple variables. The compute_ndarray() function executes computations over all values of the input arrays and stores them in a new Friendly Matrix ndarray instance in a single step:

'''Collect samples from a variety of normal distributions'''

import numpy as np

n_samples_list = [1, 10, 100, 1000]
mean_list = list(range(-21, 21))
var_list = [1E1, 1E0, 1E-1, 1E-2, 1E-3]

results = fm.compute_ndarray(
['# Samples', 'Mean', 'Variance']
n_samples_list,
mean_list,
var_list,
normal_sampling_function,
dtype=np.float32)

# friendly matrices can be sliced using dicts
print(results({
'# Samples': 100,
'Mean': 0,
'Variance': 1,
}))


## Formatting matrices

The formatted() function displays a friendly matrix as a nested list. This is useful for displaying the labels and values of smaller matrices or slice results:

mean_0_results = results({
'# Samples': (1, 1000),
'Mean': 0,
'Variance': (10, 1, 0.1),
})
formatted = fm.formatted(
mean_0_results,
formatter=lambda n: round(n, 1))

print(formatted)

'''
Example output:

# Samples = 1:
Variance = 10:
2.2
Variance = 1:
-0.9
Variance = 0.1:
0.1
# Samples = 1000:
Variance = 10:
-0.2
Variance = 1:
-0.0
Variance = 0.1:
0.0
'''


## Installation

pip install numpy-string-indexed


NumPy String-Indexed is listed in PyPI and can be installed with pip.

Prerequisites: NumPy String-Indexed 0.0.3 requires Python 3 and a compatible installation of the NumPy Python package.

## Discussion and support

NumPy String-Indexed is available under the MIT License.

## Project details

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