Convert a name to a phonetic coding of up to six characters.
Robert L. Taft, Name Search Techniques, New York State Identification and Intelligence System, Special Report No. 1, Albany, New York, 1970.
Author: Paul E. Black firstname.lastname@example.org://hissa.nist.gov/~black/
Note: This is my first attempt in contributing code. I used this algorithem in learning python.