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Watch Python object for changes in runtime and launch callbacks

Project description

Object Watchdog

This library allow to monitor changes in a Python object and, when some attribute changes, then launch callbacks.

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Install

$ pip install object-watchdog

Callbacks types

There’re 3 types of callbacks:

  • Async callbacks: launch coroutines as callbacks
  • Callbacks: launch functions as callbacks
  • Cache callbacks: Launch methods of class to update caches

Global vs local callbacks

  • Local callbacks are called only for these classes that have set the callbacks
  • Global callbacks are called for all classes that uses the Object Watchdog

How to usage

Object Watchdog should be used as metaclass:

from object_watchdog import ObjectWatchdog

class User(metaclass=ObjectWatchdog):
    ...

Defining local callbacks

Callbacks could be defined in running time and in definition.

Definition mode

At the classes you can put callbacks when any attribute changes, you can define these types of callbacks in these properties:

  • __async_callbacks__
  • __callbacks__
  • __cache_callbacks__

Example:

async def async_callback(instance, klass_name, key, value):
    print(f"[!] New change local callback in key '{key}'. New value '{value}'")


async def async_callback2(instance, klass_name, key, value):
    print(f"[0] New change local callback in key '{key}'. New value '{value}'")


def callback(instance, klass_name, key, value):
    print(f"[!] Sync New change local callback in key '{key}'. New value '{value}'")


class User(metaclass=ObjectWatchdog):
    __async_callbacks__ = [async_callback, async_callback2]
    __callbacks__ = [callback]
    __cache_callbacks__ = ["__build_hash__"]

    ...

Running time

If you need to add some callback in run time, Metaclass add these methods:

  • add_callback
  • add_async_callback
  • add_cache_callback
import asyncio

from typing import Dict
from dataclasses import dataclass, field

from object_watchdog import ObjectWatchdog


@dataclass
class User(metaclass=ObjectWatchdog):
    user: str
    password: str

    @property
    def hash(self):
        if not self.__cached_hash:
            self.__build_hash__()
        return self.__cached_hash

    def __build_hash__(self, key: str = None):
        if key and key != "user" and key != "password":
            return

        h = hashlib.sha512()
        h.update(
            f"{self.user}#{self.password}".encode("UTF-8")
        )

        self.__cached_hash = h.hexdigest()

async def coro_callback(instance, klass_name, key, value):
    print(f"[!] New change in key '{key}'. New value '{value}'")


async def main():

    u = User(user="john", password="password")
    u.add_async_callback(coro_callback)
    u.add_cache_callback("__build_hash__")

    print("[*] Modifying property 'value'")
    u.password = "new password!"


def main():
    asyncio.run(coro_main())


main()

Defining global callbacks

Global callback applies to all classes (or dataclasses) that uses ObjectWatchdog as a metaclass.

If you want to call any function / coroutine when some class have been modified, you also can use this method. ObjectWatchdog metaclass has these methods:

  • add_global_callback
  • add_global_async_callback
  • add_global_cache_callback
import asyncio

from typing import Dict
from dataclasses import dataclass, field

from object_watchdog import ObjectWatchdog


@dataclass
class MyClass(metaclass=ObjectWatchdog):
    value: str
    my_dict: Dict = field(default_factory=dict)


@dataclass
class MyClass2(metaclass=ObjectWatchdog):
    value: str
    my_dict: Dict = field(default_factory=dict)


async def coro_local_callback(instance, klass_name, key, value):
    print(f"[!] New change local callback in key '{key}'. New value '{value}'")


async def coro_global_callback(instance, klass_name, key, value):
    print(f"[!] New change global callback in instance '{repr(instance)}' key '{key}'. New value '{value}'")


async def coro_main():

    ObjectWatchdog.add_global_callback(coro_global_callback)

    u1 = MyClass(value="class 1", my_dict={"k": "v"})
    u2 = MyClass2(value="class 2", my_dict={"k": "v"})

    print("[*] Modifying property 'value'")
    u1.value = "new value!"
    u2.value = "new value!"


def main():
    asyncio.run(coro_main())


main()

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