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A stats collection and distributed tracing framework

Project description

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OpenCensus for Python. OpenCensus provides a framework to measure a server’s resource usage and collect performance stats. This repository contains Python related utilities and supporting software needed by OpenCensus.


Installation & basic usage

  1. Install the opencensus package using pip or pipenv:

    pip install opencensus
    pipenv install opencensus
  2. Initialize a tracer for your application:

    from opencensus.trace import tracer as tracer_module
    tracer = tracer_module.Tracer()
  3. Initialize a view_manager and a stats_recorder for your application:

    from opencensus.stats import stats as stats_module
    stats = stats_module.stats
    view_manager = stats.view_manager
    stats_recorder = stats.stats_recorder


You can collect traces using the Tracer context manager:

from opencensus.trace import tracer as tracer_module

# Initialize a tracer, by default using the `PrintExporter`
tracer = tracer_module.Tracer()

# Example for creating nested spans
with tracer.span(name='span1') as span1:
    with span1.span(name='span1_child1') as span1_child1:
    with span1.span(name='span1_child2') as span1_child2:
with tracer.span(name='span2') as span2:

OpenCensus will collect everything within the with statement as a single span.

Alternatively, you can explicitly start and end a span:

from opencensus.trace import tracer as tracer_module

# Initialize a tracer, by default using the `PrintExporter`
tracer = tracer_module.Tracer()




You can specify different samplers when initializing a tracer, default is using AlwaysOnSampler, the other options are AlwaysOffSampler and ProbabilitySampler

from opencensus.trace.samplers import probability
from opencensus.trace import tracer as tracer_module

# Sampling the requests at the rate equals 0.5
sampler = probability.ProbabilitySampler(rate=0.5)
tracer = tracer_module.Tracer(sampler=sampler)


By default, the traces are printed to stdout in JSON format. You can choose different exporters to send the traces to. There are three built-in exporters, which are opencensus.trace.print_exporter, opencensus.trace.file_exporter and opencensus.trace.logging_exporter, other exporters are provided as extensions.

This example shows how to configure OpenCensus to save the traces to a file:

from opencensus.trace import file_exporter
from opencensus.trace.tracers import context_tracer

exporter = file_exporter.FileExporter(file_name='traces')
tracer = context_tracer.ContextTracer(exporter=exporter)


You can specify the propagator type for serializing and deserializing the SpanContext and its headers. There are currently three built in propagators: GoogleCloudFormatPropagator, TextFormatPropagator and TraceContextPropagator.

This example shows how to use the GoogleCloudFormatPropagator:

from opencensus.trace.propagation import google_cloud_format

propagator = google_cloud_format.GoogleCloudFormatPropagator()

# Deserialize
span_context = propagator.from_header(header)

# Serialize
header = propagator.to_header(span_context)

This example shows how to use the TraceContextPropagator:

import requests

from opencensus.trace import config_integration
from opencensus.trace.propagation.trace_context_http_header_format import TraceContextPropagator
from opencensus.trace.tracer import Tracer

tracer = Tracer(propagator=TraceContextPropagator())

with tracer.span(name='parent'):
    with tracer.span(name='child'):
        response = requests.get('http://localhost:5000')

Blacklist Paths

You can specify which paths you do not want to trace by configuring the blacklist paths.

This example shows how to configure the blacklist to ignore the _ah/health endpoint for a Flask application:

from opencensus.trace.ext.flask.flask_middleware import FlaskMiddleware

app = flask.Flask(__name__)

blacklist_paths = ['_ah/health']
middleware = FlaskMiddleware(app, blacklist_paths=blacklist_paths)

For Django, you can configure the blacklist in the OPENCENSUS_TRACE_PARAMS in

    'BLACKLIST_PATHS': ['_ah/health',],



OpenCensus supports integration with popular web frameworks, client libraries and built-in libraries.

Trace Exporter

Stats Exporter

Additional Info


Contributions to this library are always welcome and highly encouraged.

See CONTRIBUTING for more information on how to get started.



cd trace
tox -e py34
source .tox/py34/bin/activate

# Install nox with pip
pip install nox-automation

# See what's available in the nox suite
nox -l

# Run a single nox command
nox -s "unit(py='2.7')"

# Run all the nox commands

# Integration test
# We don't have script for integration test yet, but can test as below.
python bdist_wheel
cd dist
pip install opencensus-0.0.1-py2.py3-none-any.whl

# Then just run the tracers normally as you want to test.


Apache 2.0 - See LICENSE for more information.


This is not an official Google product.

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