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Lightweight API for xOpera orchestrator - single user, single project, single deployment

Project description

xOpera API

An HTTP API interface to the opera orchestrator - single user, single project, single deployment.

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opera-api aims to be a lightweight xOpera orchestrator API. The xOpera documentation is available on GitHub pages.

The xOpera API is not a pure orchestration service REST API and cannot deploy multiple projects from different users. It is just a wrapper around user's current orchestration environment, where he has his files and his version of opera orchestrator and can manage just one state at a time. The reason behind this implementation is that this API does not have to support multiuser experience and is mean to be the component that integrates into xOpera SaaS API in the way that for each user's project a new separated Docker container with xOpera API is created, which can ensure that users' orchestration environments are isolated. xOpera SaaS is then the component that brings multiuser and multitenant experience by using xOpera API that mimics CLI commands, which is nicer than calling xOpera CLI.


opera-api requires Python 3 and a virtual environment. In a typical modern Linux environment, we should already be set. In Ubuntu, however, we might need to run the following commands:

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install -y python3-venv python3-wheel python-wheel-common

Installation and Quickstart

The xOpera API is available on PyPI as a Python package named [opera-api]. Apart from the latest PyPI production version, you can also find the latest opera-api PyPI development version, which includes pre-releases so that you will be able to test the latest features before they are officially released.

The simplest way to test opera-api is to install it into Python virtual environment:

$ python3 -m venv .venv && . .venv/bin/activate
(.venv) $ pip install opera-api

After that you can navigate to the folder with your TOSCA CSAR or service template and run the API that will create the wrapper around your environment.

(.venv) $ git clone
(.venv) $ cd xopera-api/tests/integration/hello-world
(.venv) $ opera-api
2022-04-04 12:45:34,097 - INFO - opera.api.cli - Running in production mode: tornado backend.

Now open another terminal window and deploy the example through some API endpoints using curl:

(.venv) $ (.venv) $ curl -XPOST localhost:8080/deploy -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d '{"service_template": "service.yaml", "inputs": {}}'
  "clean_state": false,
  "id": "a3e64611-01e0-417a-9b08-87b08b73883c",
  "inputs": {},
  "operation": "deploy",
  "service_template": "service.yaml",
  "state": "pending",
  "timestamp": "2022-04-04T10:47:49.919002+00:00"
(.venv) $ curl localhost:8080/info
  "content_root": ".",
  "csar_valid": true,
  "inputs": {},
  "service_template": "service.yaml",
  "service_template_metadata": {
    "template_author": "XLAB",
    "template_name": "hello-world",
    "template_version": "1.0"
  "status": "deployed"
(.venv) $ curl localhost:8080/status

And that's it.

You can also run xOpera API in a Docker container (using public Docker image) and mount your TOSCA CSAR:

# run xOpera API in Docker and navigate to localhost:8080/swagger
$ docker run --name xopera-api -p 8080:8080 -v $(pwd)/tests/integration/hello-world:/hello-world -e OPERA_API_DEBUG_MODE=true
$ curl localhost:8080/status

If you wish to deploy another project navigate to its folder and run another instance of xOpera API. If you want to use opera orchestrator (with xOpera CLI) go to xopera-opera repository. If you want to use just xOpera TOSCA parser go to xopera-tosca-parser repository. For xOpera examples navigate to xopera-examples repository. You can also take a look at the xOpera SaaS component, which is designed for business partners and enterprise users. To find more about xOpera project visit our xOpera documentation.


Requires Python >= 3.7.

To begin:

python3 -m venv .venv
source .venv/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt

OpenAPI base code is generated with and is not checked in to the repository.

Other useful commands:

# openapi-generator basics
java -jar openapi-generator-cli-4.3.0.jar
java -jar openapi-generator-cli-4.3.0.jar help generate
java -jar openapi-generator-cli-4.3.0.jar validate --input-spec openapi-spec.yml --recommend
java -jar openapi-generator-cli-4.3.0.jar config-help --generator-name python-flask --full-details


Use xOpera API with Docker:

docker-compose up --build -d
docker cp test.csar xopera-api_api_1:/app/
docker exec xopera-api_api_1 unzip test.csar
docker logs -f xopera-api_api_1
# prepare request inputs: service_template, inputs (in JSON object form, not a string)
curl -XPOST localhost:8080/validate -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d @inputs-request.json
curl -XPOST localhost:8080/deploy -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d @inputs-request.json
curl localhost:8080/status
curl localhost:8080/outputs
curl localhost:8080/info
curl -XPOST localhost:8080/undeploy

With a local development installation:

python3 -m venv .venv
source .venv/bin/activate
pip install wheel
pip install -r requirements.txt
cd src/
python3 -m opera.api.cli
curl localhost:8080

You can also run in debug mode and use other env vars:

(.venv) $ git clone
(.venv) $ cd xopera-api/tests/integration/hello-world
2022-06-09 12:18:33,658 - INFO - opera.api.cli - Running in debug mode: flask backend.
 * Serving Flask app 'opera.api.cli' (lazy loading)
(.venv) $ curl localhost:8000/version


This work is licensed under the Apache License 2.0.


You can contact the xOpera team by sending an email to


This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Grant Agreements No. 825040 (RADON), No. 825480 (SODALITE) and No. 101000162 (PIACERE).

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