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Light-weight packet serializer

Project description

Packeteer: The packet serializer

Packeteer is a light-weight packet serializer capable of translating between raw bytes and custom packet objects; Objects which are easier to understand, display, and work with

import socket
from packeteer import packets, fields

HOST = '127.0.0.1'
PORT = '1234'

class Request(packets.BigEndian):
    """ Request packet """
    fields = [
        fields.UInt8('type'),
        fields.UInt32('size'),
        fields.Raw('data', size='size')
    ]

class Response(packets.BigEndian):
    """ Response packet """
    fields = [
        fields.Bool('success'),
        fields.Uint32('transfered'),
    ]

if __name__ == '__main__':
    data = b'Hello World'
    request = RequestPacket(type=0, size=len(data), data=data)
    response = ResponsePacket()

    with socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM) as s:
        s.connect()
        s.sendall(request)
        raw = s.recv(response.size())
        response.unpack(raw)

    print(repr(response))

# <Packet: Response packet>
#   success: True
#   transfered: 11

Installation

Packeteer is available on PyPi, and can be installed with pip directly

$ pip install packeteer

Requirements

Operating systems

Packeteer has no OS dependencies, and should be compatible wherever python can run; However, it is only verified for Ubuntu 18.04. If you discover any issues in other environments, please open a new issue or submit a pull request.

Python

Packeteer was developed and tested against python 2.7, 3.5, 3.6, and 3.7.

Dependencies

Packeteer depends on the following packages:

  • future
  • six

For development and testing, these optional dependencies are also required:

  • pytest
  • pytest-cov
  • tox

Documentation

Defining packets

Defining packets is as simple as deriving a new class from either packets.BigEndian or packets.LittleEndian (Depending on the byte ordering of your packet structure)

import copy
from packeteer import packets, fields

class MyPacketBE(packets.BigEndian):
    name = 'Custom (Big Endian)'
    fields = [
        fields.Bool('OK'),
        fields.Int32('value', default=42)
    ]

class MyPacketLE(packets.LittleEndian):
    ''' Custom (Little Endian) '''
    fields = copy.deepcopy(MyPacketBE.fields)

Take notice that the packet definition is built using the fields variable, and the built-in field types; Field types and there options are explained in the fields section of the documentation.

The packet name is an optional value that can be set directly, otherwise it will be coppied from the classes doc-string. If no name is found, the name will be given a default value. The name is only used for human readibility when using repr()

Working with packets

Creating new instances

When packet objects are constructed without any parameters, their default values are stored in each field

from packeteer import packets, fields

class MyPacket(packets.BigEndian):
    ''' Custom (Big Endian) '''
    fields = [
        fields.Bool('OK'),
        fields.Int32('value', default=42)
    ]

packet = MyPacket()
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: Custom (Big Endian)>
#   OK: False
#   value: 42

Packets can also be constructed with non-default values by using the field names to set values

packet = MyPacket(OK=True)
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: Custom (Big Endian)>
#   OK: True
#   value: 42

packet2 = MyPacket(value=100)
print(repr(packet2))
# <Packet: Custom (Big Endian)>
#   OK: False
#   value: 100

Working with packet values

Field values can be accessed like a list (By index) or like a dictionary (By key)

packet = MyPacket()
print(packet[0], packet[1])
# False 42

print(packet['OK'], packet['value'])
# False 42

Values can also be set in the same fashion

packet = MyPacket()
packet[0] = True
packet[1] = 100

print(packet['OK'], packet['value'])
# True 100

Packing/Unpacking

The entire purpose of this library is to work with bytes, so it should come to no surprise that packet instances can be serialized into their raw bytes and back.

packet = MyPacket()

raw = b'\x01\x00\x00\x00\xFF'
packet.unpack(raw)
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: Custom (Big Endian)>
#   OK: True
#   value: 255

raw2 = packet.pack()
print(raw == raw2)
# True

Packet instances can be constructed directly from bytes as well using the from_raw() call

packet = MyPacket.from_raw(b'\x01\x00\x00\x00\xFF')
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: Custom (Big Endian)>
#   OK: True
#   value: 255

Fields

The different components of the packet are referred to as fields, which are a collection of the associated value, meta data, and supporting functions.

Packeteer comes with the following field types:

  • fields.Padding: (1 Byte) N/A
  • fields.Bool: (1 Byte) Boolean
  • fields.Char: (1 Byte) Character
  • fields.Int8: (1 Byte) Signed Integer
  • fields.UInt8: (1 Byte) Unsigned Integer
  • fields.Int16: (2 Byte) Signed Integer
  • fields.UInt16: (2 Byte) Unsigned Integer
  • fields.Int32: (4 Byte) Signed Integer
  • fields.UInt32: (4 Byte) Unsigned Integer
  • fields.Int64: (8 Byte) Signed Integer
  • fields.UInt64: (8 Byte) Unsigned Integer
  • fields.Float: (4 Byte) Float value
  • fields.Double (8 Byte) Float value
  • fields.Raw: (n Byte) Raw byte data as a single value
  • fields.String: (n Bytes) Unicode String as a single value

The majority of the types are self explanatory and work identically to the others, but some like padding, string, and raw behave differently and are looked at further in the following sections

Padding

fields.Padding is a special field type that is 1 byte wide per character.

Padding bytes are nameless and not associated with any value; They can't be accessed, but they are counted when packing and unpacking.

from packeteer import packets, fields

class PaddedPacket(packets.BigEndian):
    ''' Padded '''
    fields = [
        fields.Padding(count=4),
        fields.UInt8('value'),
        fields.Padding(count=2)
    ]

packet = PaddedPacket(value=255)
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: Padded>
#   value: 255

print(packet[0])
# 255

print(packet[1])
# IndexError


raw = packet.pack()
print(repr(raw))
# '\x00\x00\x00\x00\xFF\x00\x00'

packet.unpack(b'\x00\x00\x00\x00\x7F\x00\x00')
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: Padded>
#   value: 127

Raw data and strings

fields.Raw behaves like a multi-count field.Char with some small differences

  • There is no count argument, size argument indicating the size of the data
  • The value is stored as a single byte string, not a list of characters
from packeteer import packets, fields

class RawPacket(packets.BigEndian):
    ''' Raw vs Char'''
    fields = [
        fields.Char('chars', count=12),
        fields.Raw('raw', size=12)
    ]

msg = 'Hello World'
packet = StringPacket(chars=[x for x in msg], raw=msg)
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: String vs Char>
#   chars: ['H', 'e', 'l', 'l', 'o', ' ', 'W', 'o', 'r', 'l', 'd', '\x00']
#   raw: b'Hello World\x00'

fields.String is an extension of fields.Raw that stores it's internal value as a unicode string with the encoding of your choosing (Defaults to utf8). The internal value has any trailing null byte padding removed until it is serialized.

from packeteer import packets, fields

class StringPacket(packets.BigEndian):
    ''' String vs Raw'''
    fields = [
        fields.Raw('raw', count=12),
        fields.String('string', size=12, encoding='utf8')
    ]

msg = 'Hello World'
packet = StringPacket(raw=msg, string=msg)
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: String vs Raw>
#   raw: b'Hello World\x00'
#   string: u'Hello World'

Multi-count fields

Most field (Excluding fields.String and fields.Raw) have a count argument that can be used to denote multiple entries of the same field being repeated in the raw byte stream. These multi-count fields have values that behave like lists.

from packeteer import packets, fields

class CountPacket(packets.BigEndian):
    ''' Multi-count '''
    fields = [fields.Int32('value', count=4)]

packet = CountPacket(value=(42, 33, 1, 999))
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: Multi-count>
#   value: [42, 33, 1, 999]

packet['value'] = [0, 0, 0, 0]
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: Multi-count>
#   value: [0, 0, 0, 0]

packet['value'][2] = 42
print(repr(packet))
# <Packet: Multi-count>
#   value: [0, 0, 42, 0]

Dynamic-count fields

Many packets often have a list like structure with repeating entries, or variable size data/string sections. These fields sizes are usually given as the previous value. Packeteer can handle these as well! When using the count or size parameter, instead of a static value, you can pass the name of another field in the same packet, and the count will be read from that value dynamically. Note that the result_count is dynamically updated to the length of the results value.

from packeteer import packets, fields

class ListPacket(packets.BigEndian):
    ''' Result List '''
    fields = [
        fields.UInt8('result_count'),
        fields.Bool('results', count='result_count')
    ]

class DataPacket(packets.BigEndian):
    ''' Variable Length Data '''
    fields = [
        fields.UInt8('data_size'),
        fields.Raw('data', size='data_size')
    ]

results = [True, False, True, False, False]
packet1 = ListPacket(results=results)
print(repr(packet1))
# <Packet: Result List>
#   result_count: 5
#   results: [True, False, True, False, False]

packet1['results'] = [False, False]
print(repr(packet1))
# <Packet: Result List>
#   result_count: 2
#   results: [False, False]

data = b''.join([bytes([x]) for x in range(8)])
packet2 = DataPacket(data=data)
print(repr(packet2))
# <Packet: Variable Length Data>
#   data_size: 8
#   data: b'\x00\x01\x02\x03\x04\x05\x06\x07'

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