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Python idiomatic SDK for the Palo Alto Networks Application Framework.

Project description

Palo Alto Networks Cloud Python SDK

Python idiomatic SDK for the Palo Alto Networks Application Framework.

The Palo Alto Networks Cloud Python SDK (or pancloud for short) was created to assist developers with programmatically interacting with the Palo Alto Networks Application Framework.

The primary goal is to provide full, low-level API coverage for the following Application Framework services:

  • Logging Service

  • Directory Sync Service

  • Event Service

The secondary goal is to provide coverage, in the form of helpers, for common tasks/operations.

  • Log/event pagination

  • OAuth 2.0 and token refreshing

  • More, coming soon!

Documentation Status Documentation Status pypi travis Documentation Status


  • HTTP client wrapper for the popular Requests library with full access to its features.

  • Language bindings for Logging Service, Event Service and Directory Sync Service.

  • Helper methods for performing common tasks, such as log/event pagination.

  • Support for OAuth 2.0 grant code authorization flow.

  • Library of example scripts illustrating how to leverage pancloud.

  • Support for API Explorer Developer Tokens (Introduced in v1.5.0).


The Palo Alto Networks Cloud Python SDK is considered production/stable at this time.


From PyPI:

$ pip install pancloud

Install From GitHub

Clone the repo:

$ git clone

Use Documentation Status to install all dependencies and create a virtualenv for your project:

$ pipenv install

You can specify which python version to use by adding “–two” or “–three”:

$ pipenv --three install

Activate the pipenv shell:

$ pipenv shell

Obtaining and Using OAuth 2.0 Tokens

Work with your Developer Relations representative to register your application and receive the credentials needed to obtain an access_token. Normally, this requires a client_id, client_secret, and refresh_token. API Explorer may optionally be used to generate a Developer Token, which can be used in place of the client_id, client_secret, and refresh_token.

For more information visit the following RTD page: Credentials


The following example assumes valid credentials are present:

$ ./

QUERY: {"queryId":"59801207-9a75-49c1-9f87-a2aa23f55774","sequenceNo":0,"queryStatus":"RUNNING","clientParameters":{},"result":{"esResult":null,"esQuery":{"table":["panw.traffic"],"query":{"aggregations":{},"size":1},"selections":[],"params":{}}}}

JOB_FINISHED: queryId: 59801207-9a75-49c1-9f87-a2aa23f55774, sequenceNo: 0, retrieving from 0, size: 1, took: 117 ms

RESULT: {"queryId":"59801207-9a75-49c1-9f87-a2aa23f55774","sequenceNo":0,"queryStatus":"JOB_FINISHED","clientParameters":{},"result":{"esResult":{"took":117,"hits":{"total":1878954,"maxScore":2,"hits":[{"_index":"117270009_panw.all_2018042400-2018062300_000000","_type":"traffic","_id":"117270009_lcaas:0:149314:0","_score":2,"_source":{"risk-of-app":"4","logset":"ForwardToLoggingService","bytes_received":14882,"natsport":53295,"sessionid":806912,"type":"traffic","parent_start_time":0,"packets":30,"characteristic-of-app":["able-to-transfer-file","has-known-vulnerability","tunnel-other-application","prone-to-misuse","is-saas"],"dg_hier_level_4":0,"dg_hier_level_1":11,"dg_hier_level_3":0,"dg_hier_level_2":0,"action":"allow","recsize":1622,"from":"L3-Trust","parent_session_id":0,"repeatcnt":1,"app":"web-browsing","vsys":"vsys1","nat":1,"technology-of-app":"browser-based","pkts_received":17,"chunks_sent":0,"receive_time":1524893357,"non-standard-dport":443,"subcategory-of-app":"internet-utility","chunks_received":0,"users":"panwdomain\\user1","srcuser":"panwdomain\\user1","proxy":1,"fwd":1,"config_ver":2049,"cloud_hostname":"sample-cft-fw","customer-id":"117270009","proto":"tcp","non_std_dport":1,"tunneled-app":"tunneled-app","is-saas-of-app":0,"natdport":443,"action_source":"from-policy","assoc_id":0,"dst":"","natdst":"","chunks":0,"flags":22020208,"rule":"Allow Outbound Browsing","dport":443,"elapsed":0,"sanctioned-state-of-app":0,"inbound_if":"ethernet1/2","device_name":"sample-cft-fw","subtype":"end","time_received":1524893357,"actionflags":-9223372036854776000,"tunnelid_imsi":0,"session_end_reason":"tcp-fin","natsrc":"","seqno":1633879,"src":"","start":1524893341,"time_generated":1524893357,"outbound_if":"ethernet1/1","category-of-app":"general-internet","bytes_sent":2152,"srcloc":"","pkts_sent":13,"dstloc":"US","serial":"","bytes":17034,"vsys_id":1,"to":"L3-Untrust","category":"10006","sport":33562,"tunnel":0}}]},"id":"59801207-9a75-49c1-9f87-a2aa23f55774","from":0,"size":1,"completed":true,"state":"COMPLETED","timed_out":false},"esQuery":{"table":["panw.traffic"],"query":{"aggregations":{},"size":1},"selections":[],"params":{}}}}

DELETE: {"success":true}



1.5.1 (2019-04-26)

  • Updated Pipfile.lock.

  • Replaced recursion with loop pattern in LoggingService xpoll() method.

  • Added decode(‘utf-8’) to base64 decoded JWT to ensure compatibility with json.loads().

  • Addressed minor typos in docs.

1.5.0 (2019-02-27)

  • Added flush() method to EventService class.

  • Added auto_refresh support to HTTPClient _apply_credentials() method.

  • Removed auto_retry feature from HTTPClient class.

  • Refactored HTTPClient class request() method keyword argument overrides.

  • Removed unused token_revoke_url keyword argument.

  • Added support for API Explorer Developer Tokens to Credentials class.

  • Refactored Credentials refresh() method.

1.4.0 (2018-10-04)

  • Added default URL to HTTPClient class.

  • Updated docstrings for StorageAdapter, TinyDBStore and Credentials classes.

  • Now returning state as str instead of UUID in get_authorization_url() method.

  • Now unifying display results for -m/-s/–write. For -m you now need an output specifier (-j/-p) to print the response.

  • Added decode_jwt_payload() method to allow for extracting/using all JWT fields.

  • Added -s option to allow for invocation of setter methods. This allows modifying of credential store fields.

  • Added credential setters to allow for modifying credentials.

  • Updated examples.

  • Switched from using requests to HTTPClient in Credentials class.

  • Now checking JWT access_token exp to determine if refresh if needed.

  • Now generating a new state each time get_authorization_url() is called.

  • Added __repr__ to Credentials class with support for masking secrets.

  • Updated -E –ack,nack,poll options usage to be accurate.

  • JOB_FAILED response in xpoll() queryStatus now includes errorCode.

1.3.0 (2018-08-04)

  • Added support for custom read/write credentials path.

  • TinyDBStore fetch_credential() now returns None instead of empty str.

  • Fixed bug that caused _resolve_credential() to be executed an inefficient number of times.

  • Now updating HTTPClient headers instead of overriding them which previously broke HTTP persistence.

  • Added JMESPath isotime() function to which prints epoch.

  • Added argument to EventService xpoll() method to support sleeping between polls.

  • Added PAN_ prefix to envars to avoid name collisions.

  • Fixed bug when R[‘R1_obj’][‘LoggingService.query’] is None and allow json=None case with special case of –end -1 which will not set a default end of now.

  • Fixed bug that nulled out credentials if an error occurred during a fetch_tokens() or refresh() operation.

  • Now enforcing strict credential resolution. Previous behavior allowed for merging credentials from different providers.

  • Added support for caching refresh_token to support rolling.

  • Added support for writing logs to

  • Switch from using data param to json param in client/service methods.

  • Now defaulting R1 to None so don’t send body unless specified.

  • Now printing request headers and body at debug level 3 in

  • Added enhancements to for specifying startTime and endTime.

1.2.3 (2018-06-21)

  • Reversed the access_token lookup order in get_credentials() method.

  • Added _resolve_credential() to access_token() property method to support token caching.

  • Now comparing passed access_token in refresh() method to value returned by property method.

1.2.2 (2018-06-20)

  • Added pancloud.adapters to find_packages include list to resolve issue with PyPI package.

1.2.1 (2018-06-20)

  • Added requirements.txt to to address build issues with PyPI package.

  • Fixed issue in README.rst that prevented PyPI from properly rendering.

1.2.0 (2018-06-20)

  • Updated README.rst

  • Updated RTD API Reference.

  • Added pancloud to requirements_dev.txt

  • Added docstrings to Credentials property methods.

  • Changed logging xpoll() to return entire log entry instead of just _source dictionary.

  • Added Credentials Storage Adapter feature and moved TinyDB code to, the default storage adapter.

  • Automatically carry queryId from logging –query response to –id in subsequent –poll, –xpoll and –delete in

  • Various bug fixes and improvements to

  • Added support for caching access_token in credentials store.

  • Added write() method to LoggingService class to support writing logs.

  • Fixed issues with Credentials get_authorization_url and fetch_tokens methods.

  • Added to examples.

1.1.0 (2018-05-08)

  • Updated logging xpoll() to reflect behavior of current API.

  • Added module to support OAuth2 operations.

  • Added auto_refresh and auto_retry support to HTTPClient().

  • Added PartialCredentialsError exception to handle cases where incomplete credentials are passed to Credentials.

  • Removed extraneous dependencies, e.g. pyopenssl.

  • Cleaned up requirements.txt and PipLock files.

  • Added TinyDB package for reading/writing credentials.json file.

  • Now raising PanCloudError for enforce_json errors.

  • Removed logging poll_all() method and example script.

  • Now checking if sequence_no is None before incrementing in logging iter_poll() method.

  • Added event xpoll() method to support iterating through events.

  • Introducing, a command-line interface for pancloud.

  • Added credentials support to to enable writing credentials.json file and passing Credentials with requests.

  • Updated example scripts library to incorporate new credentials feature.

1.0.3 (2018-04-26)

  • Overhauled and updated RTDs

  • Updated to allow package-level imports

  • Fixed issue where starrifying authorization token in __repr__ overrode value in request header.

1.0.2 (2018-03-20)

  • Updated .gitignore to exclude .pytest_cache

  • Excluding certain functions/classes from tests until API Gateway is ready

  • Renamed tests modules to all lowercase

  • Bumped version to 1.0.2 from 1.0.1

  • Updated ‘query’ and ‘poll’ endpoints to reflect current working state of APIs

  • Fixed .travis.yml branch regex

  • Updated example scripts

  • Removed pyopenssl property method from HTTPClient

  • Removed test_repr() as not all tested python versions support ordered kwargs

1.0.1 (2018-03-19)

  • Default to empty path

1.0.0 (2018-03-16)

  • First release.

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