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Pandoc filter to allow file and header includes

Project description


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Pandoc filter to allow file and header includes.

The filter script is based on User Guide for Panflute. This repository is to provide a simple way to install and use it.


  • Unix style pathname (since v0.8.2)
  • Recursive include (since v0.4.0): It depends on include-entry header to work
  • Yaml header Merging (since v0.5.0): When an included file has its header, it will be merged into the current header. If there's a conflict, the original header of the current file remains.
  • Header include (since v0.6.0): Use !include-header file.yaml to include Yaml header from file.


First, install python and python-pip.

Then, use pip to install:

pip install --user pandoc-include

After installation, make sure that the pandoc-include executable is put in the directory which is in the PATH environment.



To use this filter, add to pandoc command

pandoc --filter pandoc-include -o output.pdf

Header options

include-entry: '<path>'
include-order: 'natural'
  - --filter=pandoc-include
  - <other options>

The include-entry option is to make recursive includes work. Its value is a path relative to current working directory or absolute where the entry file (the initial file) locates. It should be placed in the entry file only, not in the included files. It is optional and the default include-entry value is ..

For example, to compile a file in current directory, no header is needed:

pandoc --filter pandoc-include -o test.pdf

However, to compile a file not in current directory, like:

pandoc dir/ --filter pandoc-include -o test.pdf

The header should now be set to: include-entry: 'dir'.

The include-order options is to define the order of included files if the unix-style pathname matches multiple files. The default value is natural, which means using the natural order. Other possible values are alphabetical and default. The default means to keep the order returned by the Python glob module.

The pandoc-options option is a list to specify the pandoc options when recursively processing included files. By default, the included file will inherit the pandoc-options from its parent file, unless specified in its own file.

To make the recursive includes work, --filter=pandoc-include is necessary. The default value of pandoc-options is:

  - --filter=pandoc-include


Each include statement has its own line and has the syntax:

!include somefolder/somefile

!include-header file.yaml


$include somefolder/somefile

$include-header file.yaml

Each include statement must be in its own paragraph. That is, in its own line and separated by blank lines.

The path can be either absolute or relative to the current file's directory. Besides, unix-style pathname can used. (If the include statement is used in an included file, then the path is absolute or relative to the included file itself.)

The second syntax may lead to wrong highlighting when using a markdown editor. If it happens, use the first syntax. Also make sure that there are no circular includes.


File include

File include can be used to separate chapters into different files, or include some latex files:

title: Article
author: Author
toc: true

!include chapters/

!include chapters/

!include chapters/

!include data/table.tex

Recursive include is supported from v0.4.0.

Header include

For header include, it is useful to define a header template and include it in many files.

For example, in the header.yaml, we can define basic info:

name: xxx
school: yyy
email: zzz

In the, we can extend the header:

title: Title

!include-header header.yaml

# Section


The then is equivalent to the follow markdown:

title: Title
name: xxx
school: yyy
email: zzz

# Section



MIT License

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