Sacred Marriage of Pipfile, Pip, & Virtualenv.
Pipenv — the officially recommended Python packaging tool from Python.org, free (as in freedom).
Pipenv harnesses Pipfile, Pip, and Virtualenv together in unison to create a single, high-quality tool that is optimized for workflow efficiency and best practices. Windows is a first–class citizen, in our world.
Pipenv automatically creates and manages the virtualenvs of your projects, as well as adds/removes packages from your Pipfile as you install/uninstall packages. The lock command generates a lockfile (Pipfile.lock).
The problems that Pipenv seeks to solve are multi-faceted:
When using Pipenv, you no longer need to use pip and virtualenv separately. They work together.
Managing a requirements.txt file can be problematic, so Pipenv uses the upcoming Pipfile and Pipfile.lock instead, which is superior for basic use cases.
Hashes are used everywhere, always. Security.
$ pip install pipenv
☤ User Testimonials
- Jannis Leidel, former pip maintainer—
Pipenv is the porcelain I always wanted to build for pip. It fits my brain and mostly replaces virtualenvwrapper and manual pip calls for me. Use it.
- Jhon Crypt—
Pipenv is the best thing since pip, thank you!
- Isaac Sanders—
Pipenv is literally the best thing about my day today. Thanks, Kenneth!
Enables truly deterministic builds, while easily specifying what you want.
Generates and checks file hashes for locked dependencies (via --hashes).
Automatically finds your project home, recursively, by looking for a Pipfile.
Automatically generates a Pipfile, if one doesn’t exist.
Automatically generates a Pipfile.lock, if one doesn’t exist.
Automatically creates a virtualenv in a standard location.
Automatically adds packages to a Pipfile when they are installed.
Automatically removes packages from a Pipfile when they are un-installed.
Also automatically updates pip.
The main commands are install, uninstall, and lock, which generates a Pipfile.lock. These are intended to replace $ pip install usage, as well as manual virtualenv management (to activate a virtualenv, run $ pipenv shell).
A virtualenv will automatically be created, when one doesn’t exist.
When no parameters are passed to install, all packages [packages] specified will be installed.
To initialize a Python 3 virtual environment, run $ pipenv --three.
To initialize a Python 2 virtual environment, run $ pipenv --two.
Otherwise, whatever virtualenv defaults to will be the default.
shell will spawn a shell with the virtualenv activated.
run will run a given command from the virtualenv, with any arguments forwarded (e.g. $ pipenv run python).
check asserts that PEP 508 requirements are being met by the current environment.
graph will print a pretty graph of all your installed dependencies.
Set _PIPENV_COMPLETE and then source the output of the program. For example, with fish, put this in your ~/.config/fish/completions/pipenv.fish:
eval (env _PIPENV_COMPLETE=source-fish pipenv)
Magic shell completions are now enabled! There is also a fish plugin, which will automatically activate your subshells for you!
Fish is the best shell. You should use it.
$ pipenv Usage: pipenv [OPTIONS] COMMAND [ARGS]... Options: --update Update Pipenv & pip to latest. --where Output project home information. --venv Output virtualenv information. --rm Remove the virtualenv. --bare Minimal output. --three / --two Use Python 3/2 when creating virtualenv. --python TEXT Specify which version of Python virtualenv should use. -h, --help Show this message then exit. -j, --jumbotron An easter egg, effectively. --version Show the version and exit. Usage Examples: Create a new project using Python 3: $ pipenv --three Install all dependencies for a project (including dev): $ pipenv install --dev Create a lockfile: $ pipenv lock Commands: check Checks PEP 508 markers provided in Pipfile. graph Displays currently–installed dependency graph... install Installs provided packages and adds them to... lock Generates Pipfile.lock. run Spawns a command installed into the... shell Spawns a shell within the virtualenv. uninstall Un-installs a provided package and removes it... update Updates Pipenv & pip to latest, uninstalls...
Locate the virtualenv:
$ pipenv --where Pipfile found at /Users/kennethreitz/repos/kr/pip2/test/Pipfile. Considering this to be the project home.
$ pipenv install Creating a virtualenv for this project... ... No package provided, installing all dependencies. Virtualenv location: /Users/kennethreitz/.local/share/virtualenvs/test-EJkjoYts Installing dependencies from Pipfile.lock... ... To activate this project's virtualenv, run the following: $ pipenv shell
Install a dev dependency:
$ pipenv install pytest --dev Installing pytest... ... Adding pytest to Pipfile's [dev-packages]...
Show a dependency graph:
$ pipenv graph pip==9.0.1 regex==2017.7.28 requests==2.18.4 - certifi [required: >=2017.4.17, installed: 2017.7.27.1] - chardet [required: >=3.0.2,<3.1.0, installed: 3.0.4] - idna [required: >=2.5,<2.7, installed: 2.6] - urllib3 [required: <1.23,>=1.21.1, installed: 1.22] setuptools==36.4.0 wheel==0.29.0
Generate a lockfile:
$ pipenv lock Assuring all dependencies from Pipfile are installed... Locking [dev-packages] dependencies... Locking [packages] dependencies... Note: your project now has only default [packages] installed. To install [dev-packages], run: $ pipenv install --dev
Install all dev dependencies:
$ pipenv install --dev Pipfile found at /Users/kennethreitz/repos/kr/pip2/test/Pipfile. Considering this to be the project home. Pipfile.lock out of date, updating... Assuring all dependencies from Pipfile are installed... Locking [dev-packages] dependencies... Locking [packages] dependencies...
$ pipenv uninstall --all No package provided, un-installing all dependencies. Found 25 installed package(s), purging... ... Environment now purged and fresh!
Use the shell:
$ pipenv shell Spawning virtualenv shell (/bin/zsh). (test)$
Documentation resides over at pipenv.org.
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