Skip to main content

Sacred Marriage of Pipfile, Pip, & Virtualenv.

Project description!-1EAEDB.svg

Pipenv — the officially recommended Python packaging tool from, free (as in freedom).

Pipenv harnesses Pipfile, Pip, and Virtualenv together in unison to create a single, high-quality tool that is optimized for workflow efficiency and best practices. Windows is a first–class citizen, in our world.

Pipenv automatically creates and manages the virtualenvs of your projects, as well as adds/removes packages from your Pipfile as you install/uninstall packages. The lock command generates a lockfile (Pipfile.lock).

The problems that Pipenv seeks to solve are multi-faceted:

  • You no longer need to use pip and virtualenv separately. They work together.

  • Managing a requirements.txt file can be problematic, so Pipenv uses the upcoming Pipfile and Pipfile.lock instead, which is superior for basic use cases.

  • Hashes are used everywhere, always. Security. Automatically expose security vulnerabilities.

  • Give you insight into your dependency graph (e.g. $ pipenv graph).

  • Streamline development workflow by loading .env files.


$ pip install pipenv


☤ User Testimonials

Jannis Leidel, former pip maintainer—

Pipenv is the porcelain I always wanted to build for pip. It fits my brain and mostly replaces virtualenvwrapper and manual pip calls for me. Use it.

Jhon Crypt

Pipenv is the best thing since pip, thank you!

Isaac Sanders

Pipenv is literally the best thing about my day today. Thanks, Kenneth!

☤ Features

  • Enables truly deterministic builds, while easily specifying only what you want.

  • Generates and checks file hashes for locked dependencies.

  • Automatically install required Pythons, if pyenv is available.

  • Automatically finds your project home, recursively, by looking for a Pipfile.

  • Automatically generates a Pipfile, if one doesn’t exist.

  • Automatically creates a virtualenv in a standard location.

  • Automatically adds/removes packages to a Pipfile when they are un/installed.

  • Automatically loads .env files, if they exist.

The main commands are install, uninstall, and lock, which generates a Pipfile.lock. These are intended to replace $ pip install usage, as well as manual virtualenv management (to activate a virtualenv, run $ pipenv shell).

Basic Concepts

  • A virtualenv will automatically be created, when one doesn’t exist.

  • When no parameters are passed to install, all packages [packages] specified will be installed.

  • To initialize a Python 3 virtual environment, run $ pipenv --three.

  • To initialize a Python 2 virtual environment, run $ pipenv --two.

  • Otherwise, whatever virtualenv defaults to will be the default.

Other Commands

  • shell will spawn a shell with the virtualenv activated.

  • run will run a given command from the virtualenv, with any arguments forwarded (e.g. $ pipenv run python).

  • check asserts that PEP 508 requirements are being met by the current environment.

  • graph will print a pretty graph of all your installed dependencies.

Shell Completion

Set _PIPENV_COMPLETE and then source the output of the program. For example, with fish, put this in your ~/.config/fish/completions/

eval (env _PIPENV_COMPLETE=source-fish pipenv)

Magic shell completions are now enabled! There is also a fish plugin, which will automatically activate your subshells for you!

Fish is the best shell. You should use it.

☤ Usage

$ pipenv
Usage: pipenv [OPTIONS] COMMAND [ARGS]...

  --update         Update Pipenv & pip to latest.
  --where          Output project home information.
  --venv           Output virtualenv information.
  --py             Output Python interpreter information.
  --rm             Remove the virtualenv.
  --bare           Minimal output.
  --three / --two  Use Python 3/2 when creating virtualenv.
  --python TEXT    Specify which version of Python virtualenv should use.
  -h, --help       Show this message then exit.
  -j, --jumbotron  An easter egg, effectively.
  --version        Show the version and exit.

Usage Examples:
   Create a new project using Python 3:
   $ pipenv --three

   Create a new project using Python 3.6, specifically:
   $ pipenv --python 3.6

   Install all dependencies for a project (including dev):
   $ pipenv install --dev

   Create a lockfile:
   $ pipenv lock

   Show a graph of your installed dependencies:
   $ pipenv graph

  check      Checks for security vulnerabilities and...
  graph      Displays currently–installed dependency graph...
  install    Installs provided packages and adds them to...
  lock       Generates Pipfile.lock.
  run        Spawns a command installed into the...
  shell      Spawns a shell within the virtualenv.
  uninstall  Un-installs a provided package and removes it...
  update     Uninstalls all packages, and re-installs...

Locate the project:

$ pipenv --where
/Users/kennethreitz/Library/Mobile Documents/com~apple~CloudDocs/repos/kr/pipenv/test

Locate the virtualenv:

$ pipenv --venv

Locate the Python interpreter:

$ pipenv --py

Install packages:

$ pipenv install
Creating a virtualenv for this project...
No package provided, installing all dependencies.
Virtualenv location: /Users/kennethreitz/.local/share/virtualenvs/test-EJkjoYts
Installing dependencies from Pipfile.lock...

To activate this project's virtualenv, run the following:
$ pipenv shell

Install a dev dependency:

$ pipenv install pytest --dev
Installing pytest...
Adding pytest to Pipfile's [dev-packages]...

Show a dependency graph:

$ pipenv graph
  - certifi [required: >=2017.4.17, installed: 2017.7.27.1]
  - chardet [required: >=3.0.2,<3.1.0, installed: 3.0.4]
  - idna [required: >=2.5,<2.7, installed: 2.6]
  - urllib3 [required: <1.23,>=1.21.1, installed: 1.22]

Generate a lockfile:

$ pipenv lock
Assuring all dependencies from Pipfile are installed...
Locking [dev-packages] dependencies...
Locking [packages] dependencies...
Note: your project now has only default [packages] installed.
To install [dev-packages], run: $ pipenv install --dev

Install all dev dependencies:

$ pipenv install --dev
Pipfile found at /Users/kennethreitz/repos/kr/pip2/test/Pipfile. Considering this to be the project home.
Pipfile.lock out of date, updating...
Assuring all dependencies from Pipfile are installed...
Locking [dev-packages] dependencies...
Locking [packages] dependencies...

Uninstall everything:

$ pipenv uninstall --all
No package provided, un-installing all dependencies.
Found 25 installed package(s), purging...
Environment now purged and fresh!

Use the shell:

$ pipenv shell
Loading .env environment variables…
Launching subshell in virtual environment. Type 'exit' or 'Ctrl+D' to return.
$ ▯

☤ Documentation

Documentation resides over at

Project details

Release history Release notifications | RSS feed

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

pipenv-7.7.7.tar.gz (3.6 MB view hashes)

Uploaded Source

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page