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A Plone API.

Project description

# plone.api

[![Latest PyPI version]( “Latest PyPI version”)](

[![Number of PyPI downloads]( “Number of PyPI downloads”)](

A simple API, built for humans wishing to develop with Plone.

The intention is

  • to cover as much as possible the tasks carried out by a Plone developer

  • to provide clear API methods for Plone functionality which may be confusing or difficult to access,

  • keeping everything in one place,

  • staying introspectable and discoverable, important aspects of being Pythonic.

## Documentation

[plone.api documentation]( is part of the official Plone documentation.

plone.api comes with cookbook-like documentation and step-by-step instructions for doing common development tasks in Plone. Recipes try to assume the user does not have extensive knowledge about Plone internals.

## Source Code and Contribution

[![Testing Status]( “Testing Status”)](


Please read the document [Process for Plone core’s development]( Also consult the section about contribution in the [plone.api contributors documentation](

Source Code

at the [Plone code repository hosted at GitHub](


Please use the [issue tracker](

Continuous Integration

tested on [GitHub Actions](

Code Coverage

is measured at [](


2.1.0 (2024-02-22)

New features:

  • Implemented unrestricted find of content types. @gogobd (#312)


  • Enhanced Makefile paths to address whitespace compatibility issues. @Vivek-04022001 (#530)

2.0.9 (2024-02-12)


  • Improved efficiency of view retrieval by deferring availability checks to error handling. @samriddhi99 (#479)

2.0.8 (2023-12-14)

Bug fixes:

  • Fix api.portal.translate usage with country-specific language codes [@ericof] (#524)

2.0.7 (2023-11-30)


2.0.6 (2023-11-03)

Bug fixes:

  • More informative error message in plone.api.content.create() [ajung] (#516)

2.0.5 (2023-10-25)

Bug fixes:

  • Replace deprecated assert methods. [gforcada] (#1)


  • Update GHA [gforcada] (#1)

  • Fixup tests because PloneSite gets IContentish again. @Akshat2Jain @jaroel (#518)

2.0.4 (2023-07-14)

Bug fixes:

  • Do not run GitHub Actions tests twice. Only run GitHub Actions tests when commiting directly against master or main or opening a pull request agains master or main. This avoids to run the same test suite for the same environment twice. [thet] (#0)

  • Mockup TinyMCE settings: Remove unused AtD related views.

    Fix a test which was checking for “checkDocument” among other available views. “checkDocument” was a TinyMCE endpoint for unmaintained “After the Deadline” plugin, which is now removed. (#504)


  • Enhance API docs of portal.translate to show that the domain is optional in some cases. @thet (#510)

2.0.3 (2023-05-22)

Bug fixes:

  • Create relation only if there is no existing one with same source, target, relationname. But mark source as modified. @ksuess (#507)

2.0.2 (2023-04-14)

Bug fixes:

  • Fix deletion of relations by relation name. @ksuess (#501)


  • Update link for Training. @stevepiercy (#503)

2.0.1 (2023-01-26)


  • Switch to (was [ksuess] (#497)

  • Fix links to appropriate versions of docs, in preparation for redirecting to Fix a few typos. Use renamed tox configuration option. [stevepiercy] (#498)

  • Pin Sphinx<5,>=3 due to sphinx-book-theme 0.3.3 requirement. [stevepiercy] (#499)

  • Update links to docs to use correct versions. [stevepiercy] (#500)

2.0.0 (2022-11-26)

Bug fixes:

  • Require Python 3.8 or higher. [maurits] (#600)

2.0.0b4 (2022-11-11)

Bug fixes:

  • Trigger a new deploy of core Plone documentation when plone.api documentation is updated. [esteele] (#496)

2.0.0b3 (2022-10-03)

Bug fixes:

  • Use longer password in tests. [davisagli] (#495)

2.0.0b2 (2022-09-07)

Bug fixes:

  • Ensure that the security related context managers restore the context even if an error occurs. (#374)

2.0.0b1 (2022-06-23)

Bug fixes:

  • mutually_exclusive_parameters error message should include only related arguments. [martin.peeters] (#489)

2.0.0a4 (2022-06-07)

New features:

  • Documentation: Add meta data [ksuess, stevepiercy] (#485)

Bug fixes:

  • plone.api.content.get should always return a content [ericof] (#487)

2.0.0a3 (2022-05-26)

New features:

  • Do not require the request parameter to be specified. If not specify fallback to the global request [ale-rt] (#412)

  • Integration in new Plone 6 documentation. [ksuess] (#469)

  • Preview of documentation per pull request. Netlify bot adds link in PR comments. [ksuess] (#469)

  • Documentation is written in MyST markdown. Was restructuredText. [ksuess] (#470)

  • Testing code examples in MyST markdown documentation. Update documentation [ksuess] Add some doctests to module plone.api.relation. [ksuess] (#474)

Bug fixes:

  • Clean up docs from review of #469 [stevepiercy] (#476)

  • No unicode literals in documentation. [ksuess] (#483)

2.0.0a2 (2021-10-13)

Bug fixes:

  • Fixed IndexError when calling set_registry_record with wrong value. [maurits] (#435)

  • Prevent startup error in relation code when is missing. [maurits] (#462)

2.0.0a1 (2021-09-01)

Breaking changes:

  • Drop support for Archetypes and Python 2. [pbauer] (#460)

New features:

  • There is now a plone.api.relation module that make it easier to work with relations. [pbauer] (#449)

1.11.0 (2021-06-30)

New features:

  • Drop support for Plone 4.3, 5.0, 5.1, add support for 6.0. The code might still work, but it is no longer tested. You can use releases in the 1.10 series on the older versions. [maurits] (#431)

Bug fixes:

  • Add tests to verify that the intids utility is correct after moving content. [ale-rt, maurits] (#430)

  • Improve tox.ini so that plone.api could be tested locally. Add all tests to travis-ci config. Add .editorconfig file to plone.api to help enforce coding conventions [loechel] (#448)

  • Fix plone.api.content.find to respect object_provides “not” queries. Fixes: #451 [thet] (#452)

1.10.4 (2020-09-28)

Bug fixes:

  • Fixed test failures on Python 3 with Products.MailHost 4.10. [maurits] (#3178)

1.10.3 (2020-09-07)

Bug fixes:

  • Fixed deprecation warning for CMFPlone.interfaces.ILanguageSchema. [maurits] (#3130)

1.10.2 (2020-04-20)

Bug fixes:

  • Minor packaging updates. (#1)

1.10.1 (2020-03-04)

Bug fixes:

  • Remove deprecation warnings [ale-rt] (#432)

  • In tests, use stronger password. [maurits] (#436)

  • Removed duplicate and failing inline doctest for content.find. [maurits] (#437)

1.10.0 (2019-05-01)

New features:

  • Gracefully handle missing registry records on an interface.

    [gforcada] (#428)

1.9.2 (2019-03-04)

Bug fixes:

  • Fix querying object_provides for multiple interfaces using ‘and’ operator. [fRiSi] (#426)

1.9.1 (2018-11-20)

Bug fixes:

  • Show only local roles when inherit=False. [tschorr]

1.9.0 (2018-09-27)

New features:

  • Python 2/3 support. [pbauer]

1.8.5 (2018-09-14)

Bug fixes:

  • Removed allow-hosts from base.cfg, so we can use the new pypi warehouse. Refs [jaroel]

  • fix typos in doc strings [tkimnguyen]

  • Fix failing AT Collection creation when using api.content.create. [gbastien]

1.8.4 (2018-04-24)

Bug fixes:

  • Call processForm with {None: None} dict as values. This prevents processForm using REQUEST.form and overwriting values already set by invokeFactory. Fixes issue 99. [david-batranu]

  • Simplification/minor speedup: Permissions checks now directly use AccessControl. Technical its now exact the same as before. Before a tool lookup was needed, calling a utility function, calling AccessControl. [jensens]

1.8.3 (2018-02-23)

Bug fixes:

  • Improved code quality according to isort and flake8. [maurits]

  • Fixed regular expression in test for Plone version. [maurits]

1.8.2 (2018-01-17)

Bug fixes:

  • Fix test in Zope4, where is an adapter now. It can’t be proofed to be equal when fetched twice. [jensens]

  • Change to work with CMF master. [jaroel]

  • Added six to deal with Python 2 / 3 compatibility. [rudaporto]

1.8.1 (2017-10-17)

Bug fixes:

  • Don’t rename an object when the id already is the target id. Fixes issue 361. [jaroel]

  • Change content.delete to allow both obj=None and objects=[] or objects=None. Fixes issue 383. [jaroel]

  • Let zope.i18n do the language negotiation for our translate function. Our get_current_translation does not always give the correct one, especially with combined languages: nl-be (Belgian/Flemish) should fall back to nl (Dutch). The correct negotiated language can also differ per translation domain, which we do not account for. zope.i18n does that better. Fixes issue 379. [maurits]

  • Fix use of Globals.DB which was removed in Zope4 (Fix [pbauer]

1.8 (2017-08-05)

New features:

  • Add method to check if ZODB is in read-only mode. [loechel]

  • added tox.ini and code convention definitions in and .editorconfig so that they could be enforced [loechel]

Bug fixes:

  • Fixes Tests and code convention son this repository. [loechel]

1.7 (2017-05-23)

New features:

  • Add disable_roles_acquisition and enable_roles_acquisition to api.content [MrTango]

Bug fixes:

  • Simplify the plone.api.content.delete method. [thet]

  • content.copy with safe_id=False should raise it’s own exeception. Fixes #340 [jaroel]

1.6.1 (2017-03-31)

Bug fixes:

  • Simplify delete and transition functions. [adamcheasley]

  • Do not reassign dynamic roles as local roles when using user.grant_roles(). Fixes same issue as #351 for groups. [pbauer]

  • Include local roles granted from being in a group when using “inherit=False” in user.get_roles. Fixes #346 [pbauer]

  • Ignore local roles granted on parents when using “inherit=False” in either user.get_roles or group.get_roles. Fixes #354 [pbauer]

  • Fix title wrongly set by api.content.create when called from GS setup handler [gotcha, pgrunewald]

1.6 (2017-02-15)

New features:

  • Passing inherit=False to groups.get_roles() will only get local roles for the group. [pbauer]

Bug fixes:

  • Support user.get_roles for anonymous users. Refs #339 [jaroel]

  • Fix imports from Globals that was removed in Zope4 [pbauer]

  • Fix ‘bad’ quotes. [adamcheasley]

  • Typo in the documentation. [ale-rt]

  • Fix error in tests that try to add built-in roles, which no longer fails silently in Zope4. [MatthewWilkes]

  • Do not reassign global roles as local roles when using group.grant_roles() [pbauer]

  • reST syntax in documentation, follow style-guide, adjust [svx]

  • Do not reassign dynamic roles as local roles when using group.grant_roles(). [pbauer]

1.5.1 (2016-12-06)


  • api.portal.get_registry_record supports an optional default parameter [ale-rt]


  • Fix translation related tests to use the plonelocales domain instead passwordresettool. Products.PasswordResetTool was removed in Plone 5.1. [thet]

  • Allow for Anonymous user. Refs #290 [jaroel]

  • Allow adopting to a Special User. Fixes #320 - checking permissions for Anonymous User. [jaroel]

  • Fix an AttributeError in api.user.revoke_roles [ale-rt]

  • Remove print statements and use @security decorators to make code-analysis happy. [ale-rt]

  • Typo in the documentation. [ale-rt]

  • Fix travis and coveralls. [gforcada]

  • Various wording tweaks [tkimnguyen]

  • In api.content.move if source and target are specified and target is already source parent, skip the operation.

  • Fix test [gforcada]

  • Fix PRINTINGMAILHOST_ENABLED evaluation to respect Products.PrintingMailHost internal logic [ale-rt]

1.5 (2016-02-20)


  • Add portal.translate [ebrehault]

  • Add portal.get_default_language and portal.get_current_language [ebrehault]


  • Fix test_zope_version test to be able to deal with development versions of Zope. [thet]

  • Remove the Plone APIs conventions. They are moved to and [thet]

  • Cleanup code to match Plone’s style guide. [gforcada]

  • Fix corner case on content.transition code: if a transition only has exit transitions and no transition goes back to it find_path will fail. [gforcada]

  • Handle automatic transitions on api.content.transition. [gforcada]

1.4.11 (2016-01-08)


1.4.10 (2015-11-19)


  • Rerelease, as 1.4.9 misses the doctests directory. [maurits]

1.4.9 (2015-11-19)


  • #283 portal.send_email does not respect transaction aborts [jensens]

1.4.8 (2015-10-27)


  • update documentation links, we live in now [polyester]


  • Fixed Plone 5 version comparison in tests. [maurits]

1.4.7 (2015-09-27)

  • Get email_charset value from the configuration registry, falling back to portal property if not found. [esteele]

1.4.6 (2015-09-14)

  • Fixed api.content.find with combination of depth and path. Path is no longer ignored then. [maurits]

  • Remove unittest2 dependency. [gforcada]

1.4.5 (2015-09-09)

  • Fixed long description of package to be valid restructured text, displaying nicely on PyPI. [maurits]

1.4.4 (2015-09-08)

  • Symlink doctests so that they’ll be included in the built egg and don’t break coredev builds. [esteele]

1.4.3 (2015-09-08)

  • Try to get use_email_as_login from registry first. [pbauer]

1.4.2 (2015-09-07)

  • Use the version defined in Products.CMFPlone in env.plone_version, just like Plone’s control panel. Also fixes Jenkins testrunner where we don’t have the Plone egg. [jaroel]

1.4.1 (2015-09-07)

  • Removed dependency on Products.CMFPlone to avoid circular dependencies. Products.CMFPlone will be there. [jaroel]

1.4 (2015-09-04)

  • plone.api.content.delete: add option check_linkintegrity. If True raise exception if deleting would result in broken links. [pbauer]

  • plone.api.content.find: object_provides arguments accepts tuples. Fixes #266. [ale-rt]

  • Fixed plone.api.content.create in Plone 5. Refs 160. [jaroel]

  • plone.api.content.transition: Now accepts kwargs that can be supplied to the workflow transition. [neilferreira]

1.3.3 (2015-07-14)

  • plone.api.content.get_state now allows for an optional default value. This is used when no workflow is defined for the object. Refs #246 [jaroel]

  • plone.api.portal.get_registry_record now suggests look-alike records when no records is found. Refs #249. [jaroel]

  • Fixed tests for Plone 5. Refs #241. [jaroel]

  • Support Products.PrintingMailHost. Refs #228. [jaroel]

  • docs point to Refs #202 [jaroel]

  • plone.api.content.get_view no longer swallows exceptions. [jaroel]

  • Add plone.api.content.find. Refs #210 [jaroel]

  • Make send_email compatible with Plone >= 5.0b2. [pbauer]

  • Use the source’s parent as a target when no target is specified. [jaroel]

  • Make Products.Archetypes dependency optional. Fixes #197 [jaroel]

  • Added local TOCS to main docs pages. Fixes #90. [jaroel]

  • Allow deleting multiple objects. Fixes #198 [jaroel]

  • Fixed make docs. [jaroel]

  • Support Zope users in user.adopt_user. Fixes #171 and #157. [jaroel]

  • explicit dependencies in, explicit zcml loading in tests. [jensens]

  • import getToolByName from origin location [jensens]

  • overhaul of documentation: semantic linebreaks, few links fixed, minor rewording. [jensens]

  • fix revoke_roles method: now if is’t called with obj parameter, it doesn’t set inherited roles locally. [cekk]

1.3.2 (2014-11-17)

  • fixes #190 - broken [jensens]

1.3.1 (2014-11-17)

  • Resolves issues with README.rst symlink that prevented 1.3.0 from being installed. And please never ever in future use symlinks in eggs, ok? [jensens]

1.3.0 (2014-11-17)

  • Fixes #184 NameChooser on rename used the wrong way and fails on safe_id=True. [benniboy]

  • Clarified documentation for content.copy, refs #185. [benniboy]

  • Fixes if a content is copied in the same folder or in a target folder, where same source id exists, the existing source(same folder) or third object (same id as source) gets renamed instead of the target. [benniboy]

  • Use getUserById to find the user when given a User object in adopt_user. [tschanzt]

  • Made api.portal.get_localized_time also work with [nightmarebadger]

  • Raise better/expected errors in api.user.grant_roles and api.user.revoke_roles. [adamcheasley]

  • Add api.user.has_permission ref #172. [adamcheasley]

1.2.1 (2014-06-24)

  • Resolve issues with CHANGES.rst symlink that prevented 1.2.0 from being installed in some circumstances. [mattss]

1.2.0 (2014-06-24)

  • Enhance api.content.transition with the ability to transition from the current state to a given state without knowing the transition ‘path’ refs. #162 [adamcheasley]

  • Add api.env.plone_version() and api.env.zope_version(), refs #126. [hvelarde]

  • Stop UnicodeDecodeErrors being swallowed in api.content.create. [mattss]

  • Catch AttributeError in api.content.get (raised if only part of the traversal path exists). [mattss]

1.1.0 (2013-10-12)

  • List supported Plone versions in [zupo]

  • Plone 4.0 and 4.1 are now tested under Python 2.6 on CI. [hvelarde]

  • Use Plone 4.3 on development by default (was 4.2). [hvelarde]

1.1.0-rc.1 (2013-10-10)

  • Fix README.rst so it renders correctly on PyPI. [zupo]

  • Use redirects. [zupo]

  • Add file. [hvelarde]

1.0.0-rc.3 (2013-10-09)

  • Packaging issues. [zupo]

1.0.0-rc.2 (2013-10-09)

  • Proof-read the docs, improved grammar and wording. [cewing]

  • Add plone.recipe.codeanalysis to our buildout. [flohcim]

  • Make all assertRaise() calls use the with keyword. [winstonf88]

  • Amend user.get method to accept a userid parameter, refs #112. [cewing, xiru, winstonf88]

  • Add api.env.debug_mode() and api.env.test_mode(), refs #125. [sdelcourt]

  • Move most of text from docs/index.rst to README.rst so its also visible on PyPI and GitHub. [zupo]

  • Deprecate plone.api on ReadTheDocs and redirect to, refs #130. [wormj, zupo]

  • Add a new make coverage command and add support for posting coverage to [zupo]

  • Make api.content.create() also print out the underlying error, refs #118. [winston88]

  • Fix api.content copy/move/rename functions to return the object after they change content, refs #115. [rodfersou]

  • Make Travis IRC notification message to be one-line instead of three-lines. [zupo]

  • More examples of good and bad code blocks in documentation, more information on how to write good docstrings. [zupo]

  • Prefer single quotes over double quotes in code style. [zupo]

  • New to stay in the land of zc.buildout 1.x. [zupo]

  • Package now includes a copy of the GPLv2 license as stated in the GNU General Public License documentation. [hvelarde]

  • Fixed copying folderish objects. [pingviini]

  • Fixed moving folderish objects. [pingviini]

1.0.0-rc.1 (2013-01-27)

  • Increase test coverage. [cillianderoiste, JessN, reinhardt, zupo]

  • Implementation of api.env.adopt_roles() context manager for temporarily switching roles inside a block. [RichyB]

  • Created api.env module for interacting with global environment. [RichyB]

  • Decorators for defining constraints on api methods. Depend on decorator package. [JessN]

  • Resolved #61: Improve api.portal.get(). [cillianderoiste]

  • Use plone.api methods in plone.api codebase. [zupo]

  • Switch to flake8 instead of pep8`+`pyflakes. [zupo]

  • Get the portal path with absolute_url_path. [cillianderoiste]

  • Travis build speed-ups. [zupo]

  • Support for Python 2.6. [RichyB, zupo]

  • Support for Plone 4.0. [adamcheasley]

  • Support for Plone 4.3. [cillianderoiste, zupo]

  • Spelling fixes. [adamtheturtle]

  • Make get_view and get_tool tests not have hardcoded list of all expected values. [RichyB, cillianderoiste]

  • Code Style Guide. [iElectric, cillianderoiste, marciomazza, RichyB, thet, zupo]

  • Depend on manuel in [zupo]

  • Documentation how to get/set member properties. [zupo]

  • Improvements to get_registry_record. [zupo]

0.1b1 (2012-10-23)

  • Contributors guide and style guide. [zupo]

  • Enforce PEP257 for docstrings. [zupo]

  • Fix get_navigation_root() to return object instead of path. [pbauer]

  • Implementation of get_permissions(), get_roles(), grant_roles() and revoke roles() for users and groups. [rudaporto, xiru]

  • Implementation of get_registry_record and set_registry_record. [pbauer]

  • Use Makefile to build the project, run tests, generate documentation, etc. [witsch]

  • Moving all ReadTheDocs dependencies into rtd_requirements.txt. [zupo]

0.1a2 (2012-09-03)

  • Updated release, adding new features, test coverage, cleanup & refactor. [hvelarde, avelino, ericof, jpgimenez, xiru, macagua, zupo]

0.1a1 (2012-07-13)

  • Initial release. [davisagli, fulv, iElectric, jcerjak, jonstahl, kcleong, mauritsvanrees, wamdam, witsch, zupo]


Copyright (C) 2012-2013 Plone Foundation

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

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