Multilingual Plone UI package, enables maintenance of translations for both Dexterity types and Archetypes
- Root Language folders
- Babel view
- Language independent fields
- Translation locator policy
- Language selector policy
- Neutral root folder support
- Translation map
- Google Translation Service integration
- LinguaPlone migration
- Marking objects as translatables
- Marking fields as language independant
- Internal design of plone.multilingual
Talking about multi-language support in Plone is talk about Products.LinguaPlone. It has been the defacto standard for managing translations of Archetypes-based content types in Plone through the years. Somehow its functionality never made its way into the Plone core and today it is in legacy status. Nowadays, Plone faces the rising of Dexterity content types and its incoming adoption into the Plone core in the near future (4.3) and complete the transition to Plone as default content types in Plone 5.
plone.app.multilingual was designed originally to provide Plone a whole multilingual story. Using ZCA technologies, enables translations to Dexterity and Archetypes content types as well managed via an unified UI.
This module provides the user interface for managing content translations. It’s the app package of the next generation Plone multilingual engine. It’s designed to work with Dexterity content types and the old fashioned Archetypes based content types as well. It only works with Plone 4.1 and above due to the use of UUIDs for referencing the translations.
After more than 7 years, a GSOC, redesigns, reimplementations due to deprecated libraries, two major Plone versions finally we are able to say that plone.app.multilingual is finally here.
- 1.x - Plone 4.x with Archetypes and Dexterity
- 2.x - Plone 4.x with plone.app.contenttypes (Dexterity) and real shared content
PAM is composed of two packages, one is mandatory:
- plone.app.multilingual (core, UI, enables Dexterity support via a behavior)
and one optional (at least one should be installed):
- archetypes.multilingual (enables Archetypes support)
To use this package with both Dexterity and Archetypes based content types you should add the following line to your eggs buildout section:
eggs = plone.app.multilingual[archetypes]
To use this package with plone.app.contenttypes you should add the following line to your eggs vuildout section:
eggs = plone.app.multilingual
After re-running your buildout and installing the newly available add-ons, you should go to the Languages section of your site’s control panel and select at least two or more languages for your site. You will now be able to create translations of Plone’s default content types, or to link existing content as translations.
These are the most important features PAM provides.
After the setup, PAM will create root folders for each of your site’s languages and put translated content into the appropriate folders. A language folder implements INavigationRoot, so from the user’s point of view, each language is “jailed” inside its correspondent language folder. There are event subscribers in place to capture user interaction with content and update the language in contents accordingly, for example when user moves or copy content between language folders.
An evolution of the LP translate view, unified for either Archetypes and Dexterity content types. It features an already translated content viewer for the current content being edited via an ajaxified dynamic selector that shows them on the fly on user request.
PAM has support for language independent fields, but with a twist respect the LP implementation. As PAM does design does not give more relevance to one translated object above the others siblings (has no canonical object), fields marked as language independent get copied over all the members of the translation group always. The PAM UI will warn you about this behavior by reminding you that the values in the field on the other group participants will be overwritten.
When translating content, this policy decides how it would be placed in the site’s structure. There are two policies in place:
- LP way, the translation gets placed in the nearest translated folder in parent’s hierarchy
- Ask user where to place the translated element in the destination language root folder
While browsing the site, the language selector viewlet allows users to switch site’s content language and ease access between translations of the current content. There are two policies in place in case the translation of a specific language does not exist (yet):
- LP way, the selector shows the nearest translated container.
- Shows the user an informative view that shows the current available translations for the current content.
The root language folders are used to place the tree of the correspondent language content. However, there are some use cases we need content that does not belongs to any language. For example, for assets or side resources like images, videos and documents. There is need to maintain a language neutral folder for place this kind of objects. After PAM setup, there is a special folder called Language shared. All items placed in this folder will have neutral as its default language and will be visible from the other root language folders as they were placed there.
In order to ease the translation tasks, we devised a tool that displays in a useful way all the current translated objects and its current translation information. The map also shows a list of missing translations in case you want to build a mirrored (completely) translated site.
If you are subscriber of the Google Translation service (a paid service), you can setup your API key on Languages site setup. Then, you will notice a new icon in the babel view that takes the original field on the left side and using Google Translations service, translates its contents and fill the right side field.
You can migrate your existing LP powered sites to PAM using the Migration tab in the Languages control panel. The migration has been divided into 4 steps for separation of concerns and for improving the success of each of the required procedures.
The migration of LinguaPlone content depends on an up-to-date Language index. Use this step to refresh this index. Warning: Depending on the number of items in your site, this can take a considerable amount of time. This step is not destructive and can be executed as many times as needed.
This step will move the site’s content to its correspondent root language folder and previously will make a search for misplaced content through the site’s content tree and will move them to its nearest translated parent. Warning: This step is destructive as it will alter your content tree structure. Make sure you have previously configured your site’s languages properly in the ‘Site Languages’ tab of the ‘Languages’ control panel. It’s advisable that you do not perform this step on production servers having not tried it in development/preproduction servers previously. Depending on the distribution of your site’s content and the accuracy of the language information on each content object you may need to relocate manually some misplaced content after this step. Despite the fact that this step is ‘destructive’ it can be executed as times as needed if some problem is detected and afterwards you fix the problem. Please, refer to the procedure log when it finishes.
This step will transfer the relations between translations stored by LinguaPlone to the PAM catalog. This step is not destructive and can be executed as many times as needed.
This step will search and fix some lost dependencies to the ITranslatable interface hidden in the relation catalog and it gets rid of them. It must be run only when LinguaPlone is already uninstalled, so this step is hidden until then.
By default, if PAM is installed, Archetypes-based content types are marked as translatables
Users should mark a dexterity content type as translatable by assigning a the multilingual behavior to the definition of the content type either via file system, supermodel or through the web.
The language independent fields on Archetype-based content are marked the same way as in LinguaPlone:
atapi.StringField( 'myField', widget=atapi.StringWidget( .... ), languageIndependent=True ),
If you want to completely remove LinguaPlone of your installation, you should make sure that your code are dependant in any way of LP.
There are four ways of achieve it.
In your content type class declaration:
from plone.app.multilingual.dx import directives directives.languageindependent('field')
In your content type XML file declaration:
<field name="myField" type="zope.schema.TextLine" lingua:independent="true"> <description /> <title>myField</title> </field>
In your code:
from plone.multilingualbehavior.interfaces import ILanguageIndependentField alsoProvides(ISchema['myField'], ILanguageIndependentField)
Via the content type definition in the Dexterity Content Types control panel.
All the internal features are implemented on the package plone.multilingual.
The key points are:
- Each translation is a content object
- There is no canonical object
- The translation reference storage is external to the content object
- Adapt all the steps on translation
- Language get/set via an unified adapter
- Translatable marker interface(s)
Having a canonical object on the content space produces a dependency which is not orthogonal with the normal behavior of Plone. Content objects should be autonomous and you should be able to remove it. This is the reason because we removed the canonical content object. There is a canonical object on the translation infrastructure but is not on the content space.
In order to maintain the relations between the different language objects we designed a common object called a translation group. This translation group has an UUID on its own and each object member of the group stores it in the object catalog register. You can use the ITranslationManager utility to access and manipulate the members of a translation group given one object of the group.
The different aspects involved on a translation are adapted, so it’s possible to create different policies for different types, sites, etc.
ITranslationFactory - General factory used to create a new content
ITranslationLocator - Where we are going to locate the new translated content
Default : If the parent folder is translated create the content on the translated parent folder, otherwise create on the parent folder.
ITranslationCloner - Method to clone the original object to the new one
Default : Nothing
ITranslationIdChooser - Which id is the translation
Default : The original id + lang code-block
ILanguageIndependentFieldsManager - Manager for language independent fields
In order to access and modify the language of a content type regardless the type (Archetypes/Dexterity) there is a interface/adapter:
You can use:
from plone.multilingual.interfaces import ILanguage language = ILanguage(context).get_language()
or in case you want to set the language of a content:
language = ILanguage(context).set_language('ca')
In order to know if a content can be translated there is a marker interface:
GNU General Public License, version 2
This is the planned feature list for PAM:
- Babel view
- Root language folders
- Non invasive language selector
- Universal link
- Language selector policy
- Neutral root folder support
- Catalog based storage
- Translation map
- Google Translation Service integration
- LinguaPlone migration
- The first version compatible with PLIP 13091 (https://dev.plone.org/ticket/13091)
- Update, get rid of legacy code and transfer some of the PAM logic to the Plone core (plone.app.i18n)
- Perform the same for other parts of Plone core to integrate some monkey patches and update legacy code from Products.PloneLanguageTool
- XLIFF export/import
- Iterate support: we know there are some needs about iterate integration
- LinguaPlus/linguatools set of useful tools
- Outdated translations alerts and translation workflows support
- plone.app.toolbar/plone.app.cmsui support
- Add support for Deco layouts and content types
- Pluggable translation policies
- Pluggable language policies negotiations
plone.app.multilingual has been developed based on LinguaPlone by:
- Design and development –
- Iskra (Ramon Navarro Bosch, Victor Fernandez de Alba)
- Additional funding/sponsorship:
- Hitotsubashi University in Tokyo, Centre for New European studies (Jonathan Lewis)
Also many thanks to
- Jan-Carel Brand:
- For language independent field implementation on AT
- Anne Walter:
- For pushing for a initial working version
Thomas Massmann, Martijn Pieters, Martin Aspeli, David Glick
- Show ‘Translate into’ menu in plone-contentmenu only when having permission to translate. [saily]
- Use Modify portal content permission for Edit action on Language Root Folders. [saily]
- Move devel to src folder, update MANIFEST.in, setup.py, buildout.cfg and .gitignore to fit that new structure. [saily]
- Fix alternate language viewlet [saily]
- Fix tests. Don’t rely on translateable strings in functional tests, translations may change. [saily]
- Add uninstall profile. [thet]
- In the findContent method of the migrator script, do a more explicit test if a content is a real, Dexterity or Archetypes based content object. [thet]
- createdEvent subscriber works now in request-free environments too. [jensens]
- Download latest v1 bootstrap.py [saily]
- Fix an import issue in upgrades.py [saily]
- Add code analysis to plone-test-4.x.cfg and plone-test-5.x.cfg [saily]
- Huge PEP8 and Flake8 cleanup. Please run bin/code-analysis before commiting. A git pre-commit hook should be added automatically through buildout. [saily]
- Ensure plone.app.controlpanel.Language permission is present. [saily]
- Merge add.py and add_translation_form.py into one file [saily]
- Rename update_translation_form.py to update.py [saily]
- Rename remove_translation_form.py to remove.py [saily]
- Remove five.grok in browser directory. [saily]
- Better testsetup for robot tests using it’s own layer. [saily]
- Revert translation: display of default pages of folders (it doesn’t show content which doesn’t have ‘is_default_page’ attributes). [bogdangi]
- Add new option to allow users to bypass permission checks when updating objects with language independent fields. [saily]
- Add a new alternate languages viewlet, see: https://support.google.com/webmasters/answer/189077 [saily]
- Remove Twitter-Bootstrap css code from multilingual.css and set stylesheet rendering to authenticated users only.
- Remove twitter bootstrap styles and make style rendered for authenticated users only. [saily]
- Add an upgrade step to reimport css_registry [saily]
- Add translation: widget missing
- Translating folder with default_page: menu items added
- Add translation: display of default pages of folders [ksuess]
- Bugfix: p.a.contentmenu fails if access to translation is not permitted. Solution: Introduce restricted access and use it in vocabulary for menu. [jensens]
- Added ++add++ and factory support using session var to store where it comes from. It maintains the old programatic way so it’s possible to create translations using code. [ramon]
- Extend travis integration to test against Plone 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 and include following dependencies into tests: - plone.multilingual - plone.multilingualbehavior - archetypes.multilingual [saily]
- plone.app.contenttypes compatibility on setup [sneridagh]
- Added French translation [bouchardsyl]
- take care to filter out translated contents wich do no have supported language information [kiorky]
- added support for language neutral objects with country specific language codes by checking _combinedlanguagelist too [agitator]
- Remove ITG usage to ITranslationManager usage [ramon]
- Shared folder working on old collections [fgrcon]
- Shared folder correct name and reference on setup [ramon]
- Instead of check for Dexterity, check if p.multilingualbehavior is installed. If it’s installed, then Dexterity is installed too [sneridagh]
- Fixed travis integration, extend from plone buildout-cache. [saily]
- Clean the migration template [erral]
- Don’t assume a transition called ‘publish’ will exist [erral]
- Show language name if no native language information is available. [saily]
- Added Ukrainian translation [kroman0]
- Add to travis-ci [saily]
- Use drop-down instead of buttons on babel view if there are more than X translations [pysailor]
- Improve and finish migration code and related ‘Languages’ configlet tab [pysailor, sneridagh]
- Testing of migration code on production sites [pysailor, erralin, sneridagh]
- Fix broken tests and new ones [pysailor, erralin, bloodbare, sneridagh]
- New re-designed language selector and related helper views [erralin, bloodbare]
- Not translated view improvements [erralin, bloodbare]
- fixed getClosestDestination when translation doesn’t exist [gborelli]
- Update deprecated imports to work with Plone 4.3 [saily]
- Select the original language in the dexterity babel edit form. [maurits]
- Add after migration action on view [do3cc]
- Multilingual Map [ramon]
- Univeral link [ramon]
- Catalog patch bug solving [ramon]
- Language selector bug solving [sneridagh]
- Neutral language folder and menu options added [ramon]
- New tests [sneridagh]
- Moving templates to templates folder [ramon]
- Updating language options [ramon]
- Menu refactoring [ramon]
- Allow to see all content on adding translation [ramon]
- change language index to Language to LinguaPlone coexistance [ramon]
- don’t rebuild the complete catalog on installing [pbauer]
- add indexes via setuphandler instead of xml to prevents purging on reinstall [pbauer]
- make babel-view align fields next to each other [do3cc]
- updated .po files [gborelli]
- Added rebuild.sh script in order to simplify updating translations [gborelli]
- Added italian translation [gborelli]
- Do not fail when the front-page cannot be moved to a new folder during setup. [maurits]
- Make it possible to override the portal_type that is used when creating a root language folder. [maurits]
- Added Google Translation Service ajax service [ramon]
- Added babel view on AT [sneridagh]
- Added babel view on dexterity [ramon]
- Added the option to not filter language on folder_contents view [ramon]
- Added to translation menu to edit a translated language [ramon]
- Initial setup of a site moving content to language folders [ramon]
- Improved Control Panel [ramon]
- Improved Language Control Panel site languages selector widget to be more usable.
- Setup the root folder layout for each configured site languages on languages control panel save settings [ramon, sneridagh]
- Adapt languageselector viewlet from LP [ramon]
- Re-enable and adapt the searchResults patch again [ramon]
- Cleaning description of packages and registerProfile of paml [sneridagh]
- Initial version [ramon, awello, sneridagh]