Integrates the Diazo theming engine with Plone
- Packaging themes
- Theme parameters
- Temporarily disabling the theme
- Disabling the theme for a particular view, script or template
- Static files and CSS
- GenericSetup syntax for enabling a theme
- Page template integration
- A worked example
- Common rules
- Other tips
- Migrating from collective.xdv
plone.app.theming works with Plone 4.1 or later.
To install plone.app.theming into your Plone instance, locate the file buildout.cfg in the root of your Plone instance directory on the file system, and open it in a text editor. Locate the section that looks like this:
# extends = http://dist.plone.org/release/4.1/versions.cfg extends = versions.cfg versions = versions
It may also have a URL in the “extends” section, similar to the commented-out first line, depending on whether you pull the Plone configuration from the network or locally.
To add plone.app.theming to our setup, we need some slightly different versions of a couple of the packages, so we extend the base config with a version list from the good-py service, so change this part of the configuration so it looks like this:
extends = versions.cfg http://good-py.appspot.com/release/plone.app.theming/1.0b1 versions = versions
Note that the last part of the URL above is the Diazo version number. There may be a newer version by the time you read this, so check out the overview page for the known good set.
What happens here is that the dependency list for plone.app.theming specifies some new versions for you via the good-py URL. This way, you don’t have to worry about getting the right versions, Buildout will handle it for you.
Next step is to add the actual plone.app.theming add-on to the “eggs” section of buildout.cfg. Look for the section that looks like this:
eggs = Plone
This section might have additional lines if you have other add-ons already installed. Just add the plone.app.theming on a separate line, like this:
eggs = Plone plone.app.theming
(Note that there is no need to add a ZCML slug as plone.app.theming uses z3c.autoinclude to configure itself automatically.)
Once you have added these lines to your configuration file, it’s time to run buildout, so the system can add and set up plone.app.theming for you. Go to the command line, and from the root of your Plone instance (same directory as buildout.cfg is located in), run buildout like this:
You will see output similar to this:
Getting distribution for 'plone.app.theming==1.0b1'. Got plone.app.theming 1.0b1. ...
If everything went according to plan, you now have plone.app.theming installed in your Zope instance.
Next, start up Zope, e.g with:
$ bin/instance fg
Then go to the “Add-ons” control panel in Plone as an administrator, and install the “Diazo theme support” product. You should then notice a new “Diazo theme” control panel in Plone’s site setup.
In the “Diazo Theme” control panel, you can turn the theming engine on or off, and select from a list of pre-registered themes (more on how to register your own themes shortly).
You can also upload a theme packaged as a ZIP archive from the control panel, under the “Import” tab. See below for more information about how to create a valid theme archive.
Alternatively, you can configure a theme manually, under the “Advanced” tab. The options here are:
URL referencing the Diazo rules file. This file in turn references your theme. The URL may be a filesystem or remote URL (in which case you want to enable “read network access” - see below). It can also be an absolute path, starting with a /, in which case it will be resolved relative to the Plone site root, or a special python:// URL - see below.
The most common type of URL will be a relative path using the ++theme++ traversal namespace. See below.
- Absolute prefix
- If given, any relative URL in an <img />, <link />, <style /> or <script /> in the theme HTML file will be prefixed by this URL snippet when the theme is compiled. This makes it easier to develop theme HTML/CSS on the file system using relative paths that still work on any URL on the server.
- Read network
- By default, Diazo will not attempt to resolve external URLs referenced in the control panel or in the rules file, as this can have a performance impact. If you need to access external URLs, enable the “read network” setting.
- Unthemed host names
- You can list hostnames here that will never be themed. By default, this list contains 127.0.0.1, which means that if you access your Plone site using that IP address (as opposed to localhost or some other domain name), you will see an unthemed site. This is useful for theme development, or scenarios where you want your content authors to be able to access a “plain” Plone site.
- Parameter expressions
- Some themes will use parameters in their rules files. Available parameters can be set up here, using TALES expressions. Each parameter should be entered on its own line, in the form <parameter name> = <expression>. More on expressions below.
There are several ways to package and distribute themes:
A theme packaged for import as a ZIP archive must adhere to the following rules:
- The ZIP file must contain a single top level directory. This will be used as the theme id. Only one theme with a given id may exist in any given Plone site, though you are given the option to replace an existing theme on import if you upload an archive with a theme that already exists.
- Inside this top level directory, there should be a rules.xml file with the Diazo rules. Any other resources, such as the theme HTML file or static resources, will normally also live in this directory or any subdirectories you wish to create inside it.
- Optionally, you can add a manifest.cfg with a theme title and description for the theme. If you want to use a different absolute path prefix or rules file, you can also specify this in manifest.cfg. See the next section for an example.
This package integrates with plone.resource to enable the theme resource type. This enables themes to be deployed:
- On the filesystem using the global resource directory (if one is configured);
- In the ZODB inside the theme directory of the portal_resources tool (perhaps initially imported via a ZIP archive as described above); or
- In Python package that use the <plone:static /> ZCML directive to register their own resource directory
Provided they contains a rules.xml file, themes in such directories will appear in the control panel.
If you had configured a global resource directory inside your buildout root called resources, you could add a directory resources/theme/mytheme. If this contained a rules.xml file, it would show up in the theme control panel as a pre-registered, installable theme. you could configure the rules path in the Diazo control panel to be /++theme++mytheme/rules.xml, and the absolute prefix to be /++theme++mytheme.
If you had uploaded your theme to the ZMI inside portal_resources/theme/mytheme and placed a rules.xml file here, you could again configure the rules path in the Diazo control panel to be /++theme++mytheme/rules.xml, and the absolute prefix to be /++theme++mytheme.
If you had a filesystem package my.theme you could create a subdirectory of this package called static/ containing the rules.xml file then add the following to the configure.zcml file in the package root:<configure xmlns:plone="http://namespaces.plone.org/plone" xmlns="http://namespaces.zope.org/zope"> ... <plone:static directory="static" type="theme" /> </configure>
With this, you could configure the Diazo control panel to use the rules path /++theme++my.theme/rules.xml and the absolute prefix /++theme++my.theme. The theme name here is taken from the package name where configure.zcml is found. To specify an alternative name, use the name attribute to the <plone:static /> directive.
See the worked example below for a more detailed example.
When themes are deployed in this way, they become available in the control panel, provided the resource directory contains a rules.xml file.
If there is a manifest.cfg file inside the top level resource directory, this may contain a manifest giving information about the theme. This file may look like this:
[theme] title = My theme description = A test theme
As shown here, the manifest file can be used to provide a more user friendly title and a longer description for the theme, for use in the control panel. Only the [theme] header is required - all other keys are optional.
You can also set:
rules = myrules.xml
to use a different rule file name than rules.xml, and:
prefix = /some/prefix
to change the absolute path prefix (see above).
Note that when you set rules and prefix, these are absolute URLs or file paths. To reference the theme directory you can use the following format:
rules = /++theme++my.theme/myrules.xml
The default is to use /++theme++<theme name>/rules.xml for the rules and /++theme++<theme name> as the absolute path prefix, which is probably the right approach for most self-contained themes.
When specifying rules or referenced resources (such as the theme), you can use a special python:// URI scheme to specify a path relative to the installation of a Python package distribution, as installed using Distribute/setuptools (e.g. a standard Plone package installed via buildout).
For example, if your package is called my.theme and it contains a directory static, you could reference the file rules.xml in that file as:
This will be resolved to an absolute file:// URL by plone.app.theming.
Note: In most cases, it will be easier to use the <plone:static /> directive as described above.
It is possible to pass arbitrary parameters to your theme, which can be referenced as variables in XPath expressions.
For example, you could have a parameter mode that could be set to the string live or test. In your rules, you could do something like this to insert a warning when you are on the test server:
<before css:theme-children="body" if="$mode = 'test'"> <span class="warning">Warning: This is the test server</span> </before>
You could even use the parameter value directly, e.g.:
<before css:theme-children="body"> <span class="info">This is the <xsl:value-of select="$mode" /> server</span> </before>
See the Diazo documentation for more details about rules that support if parameters and inline HTML and XSL.
The following parameters are always available when using plone.app.theming:
- The scheme portion of the inbound URL, usually http or https.
- The hostname in the inbound URL.
- The path segment of the inbound URL. This will not include any virtual hosting tokens, i.e. it is the path the end user sees.
- The Zope base url (the BASE1 request variable).
You can add additional parameters through the control panel, using TALES expressions. Parameters are listed on the Advanced tab, one per line, in the form <name> = <expression>.
For example, if you want to avoid theming any pages that are loaded by Plone’s overlays, you can make use of the ajax_load request parameter that they set. Your rules file might include:
<notheme if="$ajax_load" />
To add this parameter as well as the mode parameter outlined earlier, you could add the following in the control panel:
ajax_load = python: 'ajax_load' in request.form mode = string: test
The right hand side is a TALES expression. It must evaluate to a string, integer, float, boolean or None: lists, dicts and objects are not supported. python:, string: and path expressions work as they do in page templates.
The following variables are available:
- The context of the current request, usually a content object.
- The current request.
- The portal root object.
- The @@plone_context_state view, from which you can look up additional values such as the context’s URL or default view.
- The @@plone_portal_state view, form which you can look up additional values such as the navigation root URL or whether or not the current user is logged in.
See plone.app.layout for details about the @@plone_context_state and @@plone_portal_state views.
Theme parameters are really integral to a theme, and will therefore be set based on a theme’s manifest when a theme is imported from a Zip file or enabled from a resource directory. This is done using the [theme:parameters] section in the manifest file. For example:
[theme] title = My theme description = A test theme [theme:parameters] ajax_load = python: 'ajax_load' in request.form mode = string: test
Note that when Zope is in development mode (e.g. running in the foreground in a console with bin/instance fg), the theme will be re-compiled on each request. In non-development mode, it is compiled once when first accessed, and then only re-compiled the control panel values are changed.
Also, in development mode, it is possible to temporarily disable the theme by appending a query string parameter diazo.off=1. For example:
The parameter is ignored in non-development mode.
To disable theming for a particular view, script or template set the X-Theme-Disabled header.
Or directly from a template:
tal:define="dummy python:request.response.setHeader('X-Theme-Disabled', 'True')"
Typically, the theme will reference static resources such as images or stylesheets. It is usually a good idea to keep all of these in a single, top-level directory to minimise the risk of clashes with Plone content paths.
If you are using Zope/Plone standalone, you will need to make your static resources available through Zope, or serve them from a separate (sub-)domain. Here, you have a few options:
- Create the static resources as File content objects through Plone.
- Create the resources inside the portal_skins/custom folder in the ZMI.
- Install the resources through a filesystem product.
The latter is most the appropriate option if you are distributing your theme as a Python package. In this case, you can register a static resource directory in ZCML as outlined above:
<configure xmlns="http://namespaces.zope.org/zope" xmlns:plone="http://namespaces.plone.org/plone"> ... <plone:static directory="static" type="theme" /> ... </configure>
The static directory should be in the same directory as the configure.zcml file. You can now put your theme, rules and static resources here.
You can now set the “Absolute prefix” configuration option to be ‘/++theme++my.theme’. plone.app.theming will then turn relative URLs into appropriate absolute URLs with this prefix.
If you have put Apache, nginx or IIS in front of Zope, you may want to serve the static resources from the web server directly instead.
Plone’s “resource registries”, including the portal_css tool, can be used to manage CSS stylesheets. This offers several advantages over simply linking to your stylesheets in the template, such as:
- Detailed control over the ordering of stylesheets
- Merging of stylesheets to reduce the number of downloads required to render your page
- On-the-fly stylesheet compression (e.g. whitespace removal)
- The ability to include or exclude a stylesheet based on an expression
It is usually desirable (and sometimes completely necessary) to leave the theme file untouched, but you can still use portal_css to manage your stylesheets. The trick is to drop the theme’s styles and then include all styles from Plone. For example, you could add the following rules:
<drop theme="/html/head/link" /> <drop theme="/html/head/style" /> <!-- Pull in Plone CSS --> <after theme-children="/html/head" content="/html/head/link | /html/head/style" />
The use of an “or” expression for the content in the after /> rule means that the precise ordering is maintained.
For an example of how to register stylesheets upon product installation using GenericSetup, see below. In short - use the cssregistry.xml import step in your GenericSetup profile directory.
There is one important caveat, however. Your stylesheet may include relative URL references of the following form:
If your stylesheet lives in a resource directory (e.g. it is registered in portal_css with the id ++theme++my.theme/css/styles.css), this will work fine so long as the registry (and Zope) is in debug mode. The relative URL will be resolved by the browser to ++theme++my.theme/images/bg.jpg.
However, you may find that the relative URL breaks when the registry is put into production mode. This is because resource merging also changes the URL of the stylesheet to be something like:
To correct for this, you must set the applyPrefix flag to true when installing your CSS resource using cssregistry.xml. There is a corresponding flag in the portal_css user interface.
It is sometimes useful to show some of Plone’s CSS in the styled site. You can achieve this by using an Diazo after /> rule or similar to copy the CSS from Plone’s generated <head /> into the theme. You can use the portal_css tool to turn off the style sheets you do not want.
request/HTTP_X_THEME_ENABLED | nothing
This expression will return True if Diazo is currently enabled, in which case an HTTP header “X-Theme-Enabled” will be set.
If you later deploy the theme to a fronting web server such as nginx, you can set the same request header there to get the same effect, even if plone.app.theming is uninstalled.
not: request/HTTP_X_THEME_ENABLED | nothing
to ‘hide’ a style sheet from the themed site.
To enable the theme upon installation of a GenericSetup extension profile, you can use the theme.xml import step.
Place a file like this in the profile directory – usually profiles/default inside a package that registers a GenericSetup extension profile:
<theme> <name>my.theme</name> <enabled>true</enabled> </theme>
The <name /> element is used to give the name of the theme to enable. The <enabled /> element is used to enable or disable theming, and may contain either true or false. Both are optional.
Note that this is an import step only. The actual state is stored in the portal_registry tool provided by plone.app.registry. Upon export (and in a base profile), it can be found in the profile in registry.xml.
A Diazo theme works by transforming the content that is generated by Plone (or another system). So long as the requires information is output, there is virtually no limit to how it can be transformed into the themed output.
If the information isn’t there, however, you will need to extract it somehow, usually through a page template. This can be done using views in a standard Python distribution, but plone.app.theming also provides two simplified mechanisms that only require knowledge of TAL, the syntax of Zope Page Templates.
They both work for themes packages in resource directories, though (presently) only for themes found on the filesystem.
When distributing themes in a resource directory on the filesystem, it is possible to override existing Zope Page Template templates on an ad-hoc basis when the theme is enabled. This can be useful if you need to change the data being provided by Plone in a view, viewlet or other template-based resource.
This functionality relies on z3c.jbot. To use it, add a directory named overrides to the root of your theme resource directory. In this directory, you can place page template files using the naming convention <package>.<filename>.pt to override the template originally found in <filename>.pt in the package <package>.
For example, to override logo.pt in plone.app.layout.viewlets, which is found in plone/app/layout/viewlets/logo.pt inside the plone.app.layout distribution, you would copy logo.pt into the overrides directory as plone.app.layout.viewlets.logo.pt. You can then modify this as required.
Note: Templates are loaded at Zope startup. In debug mode, template changes are reflected on the fly, but you will need to restart Zope to pick up new templates.
The overrides directory name be changed in the theme’s manifest.cfg file if required:
[theme:overrides] directory = template-overrides
The directory name is relative to the theme directory.
When distributing themes in a resource directory on the filesystem, it is possible to register new views based on Zope Page Templates which are available when the theme is enabled.
This can be useful for generating additional dynamic markup based on Plone content or settings, usually for use with an href on a theme rule, e.g. to generate a custom navigation structure or some other dynamic content.
Note: This style of view registration is not intended to contain complex logic. For more advanced use cases, you are advised to create a Python distribution and register a standard browser view.
To create new views, add a directory views to the root of your theme resource directory and place any number of *.pt files here.
For example, say you had a file custom-menu.pt in the views directory containing (a somewhat frivolous example):
<ul id="menu"> <li class="menuItem" tal:repeat="item context/values"> <a tal:attributes="href item/absolute_url" tal:content="item/title_or_id" /> </li> </ul>
(The variables context and request will work as normal in the page templates.)
You could then use a rule like:
<replace css:theme="#menu" css:content="#menu" href="./@@custom-menu" />
This will replace #menu in the theme with #menu in the output of rendering the custom-menu.pt template.
Note: If you invoke the @@custom-menu view when the theme is not enabled, you will get a 404 NOT FOUND error. This is because the view is registered to a browser layer that is dynamically generated for the theme and automatically applied only when the theme is enabled.
By default, the view name is the template name, minus the .pt extension. The view requires the standard View permission (zope2.View), and is available for all contexts (for="*").
These defaults can be overridden by placing a file views.cfg in the views directory. This should contain one section per template, where the section name is the template name minus the .pt extension. The valid options in each section are:
- name, to change the view name
- permission, to give a different permission name
- for, to change the view’s context
- class, to let the view re-use an existing view class
# for my-view.pt: [my-view] name = my-view-at-root for = Products.CMFCore.interfaces.ISiteRoot permission = cmf.ManagePortal class = some.package.browser.MyView
All options are optional, as is the views.cfg file itself.
Note: Templates are loaded at Zope startup. In debug mode, template changes are reflected on the fly, but you will need to restart Zope to pick up new templates.
The views directory name be changed in the theme’s manifest.cfg file if required:
[theme:views] directory = template-views
The directory name is relative to the theme directory.
There are many ways to set up an Diazo theme. For example, you could upload the theme and rules as content in Plone use absolute paths to configure them. You could also serve them from a separate static web server, or even load them from the filesystem.
To create a deployable theme, however, it is often best to create a simple Python package. This also provides a natural home for theme-related customisations such as template overrides.
Although a detailed tutorial is beyond the scope of this help file, a brief, worked example is shown below.
Create a package and install it in your buildout:
$ cd src $ paster create -t plone my.theme
See the buildout manual for details
If you have a recent ZopeSkel installed, this should work. Pick easy mode. Answer “yes” when asked if you want to register a profile.
Then edit buildout.cfg to add your new package (my.theme above) to the develop and eggs lists.
- Edit setup.py inside the newly created package
The install_requires list should be:
install_requires=[ 'setuptools', 'plone.app.theming', ],
- Edit configure.zcml inside the newly created package.
Add a resource directory inside the <configure /> tag. Note that you may need to add the browser namespace, as shown.
xmlns=”http://namespaces.zope.org/zope” xmlns:browser=”http://namespaces.zope.org/browser” xmlns:i18n=”http://namespaces.zope.org/i18n” xmlns:genericsetup=”http://namespaces.zope.org/genericsetup” xmlns:plone=”http://namespaces.plone.org/plone” i18n_domain=”my.theme”>
- name=”default” title=”My theme” directory=”profiles/default” description=”Installs the my.theme package” provides=”Products.GenericSetup.interfaces.EXTENSION” />
- type=”theme” directory=”static” />
Here, we have used the package name, my.theme, for the resource directory name. Adjust as appropriate.
- Add a static directory next to configure.zcml.
- Put your theme and rules files into this directory.
For example, you may have a theme.html that references images in a sub-directory images/ and stylesheets in a sub-directory css/. Place this file and the two directories inside the newly created static directory.
Make sure the theme uses relative URLs (e.g. <img src="images/foo.jpg" />) to reference its resources. This means you can open theme up from the filesystem and view it in its splendour.
Also place a rules.xml file there. See the Diazo documentation for details about its syntax. You can start with some very simple rules if you just want to test:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <rules xmlns="http://namespaces.plone.org/diazo" xmlns:css="http://namespaces.plone.org/diazo/css" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"> <!-- The default theme, used for standard Plone web pages --> <theme href="theme.html" css:if-content="#visual-portal-wrapper" /> <!-- Rules applying to a standard Plone web page --> <rules css:if-content="#visual-portal-wrapper"> <!-- Add meta tags --> <drop theme="/html/head/meta" /> <after content="/html/head/meta" theme-children="/html/head" /> <!-- Copy style, script and link tags in the order they appear in the content --> <after content="/html/head/style | /html/head/script | /html/head/link" theme-children="/html/head" /> <drop theme="/html/head/style" /> <drop theme="/html/head/script" /> <drop theme="/html/head/link" /> <!-- Copy over the id/class attributes on the body tag. This is important for per-section styling --> <merge attributes="class" css:content="body" css:theme="body" /> <copy attributes="id dir" css:content="body" css:theme="body" /> <!-- Logo (link target) --> <replace attributes="href" css:content='#portal-logo' css:theme="#logo" /> <!-- Site actions --> <replace css:content="#portal-siteactions li" css:theme-children="#actions" /> <!-- Global navigation --> <replace css:content='#portal-globalnav li' css:theme-children='#global-navigation' /> <!-- Breadcrumbs --> <replace css:content-children='#portal-breadcrumbs' css:theme-children='#breadcrumbs' /> <!-- Document Content --> <replace css:content-children="#content" css:theme-children="#document-content" /> <before css:content="#edit-bar" css:theme="#document-content" /> <before css:content=".portalMessage" css:theme="#document-content" /> <!-- Columns --> <replace css:content-children="#portal-column-one > *" css:theme-children="#column-one" /> <replace css:content-children="#portal-column-two > *" css:theme-children="#column-two" /> </rules> </rules>
In this example, we have referenced the theme HTML file relative to the directory where the rules.xml resides. We make this theme conditional on the #visual-portal-wrapper element being present in the content (i.e. the web page generated by Plone). This ensures we do not apply the theme to things like pop-ups or special pages.
We apply the same condition to the rules. The first few rules are probably useful in most Plone themes. The remainder of the rules are examples that may or may not apply, pulling in the logo, breadcrumbs, site actions, document content, and left/right hand side columns.
See below for some more useful rules.
Finally, put a manifest.cfg file alongside rules.xml in the static directory, containing:
[theme] title = My theme description = A demo theme from the plone.app.theming README
- Create the installation profile
The generated code above for the <genericsetup:registerProfile /> tag contains a reference to a directory profiles/default. You may need to create this next to configure.zcml if it doesn’t exist already, i.e. create a new directory profiles and inside it another directory default.
In this directory, add a file called metadata.xml containing:
<metadata> <version>1</version> <dependencies> <dependency>profile-plone.app.theming:default</dependency> </dependencies> </metadata>
This will install plone.app.theming into Plone when my.theme is installed via the add-on control panel later.
Also create a file called theme.xml, with the following contents:
<theme> <name>my.theme</name> <enabled>true</enabled> </theme>
Replace my.theme with your own package name.
This file configures the settings behind the Diazo control panel.
Also, add a cssregistry.xml in the profiles/default directory to configure the portal_css tool:
<?xml version="1.0"?> <object name="portal_css"> <!-- Set conditions on stylesheets we don't want to pull in --> <stylesheet expression="not:request/HTTP_X_THEME_ENABLED | nothing" id="public.css" /> <!-- Add new stylesheets --> <!-- Note: applyPrefix is not available in Plone < 4.0b3 --> <stylesheet title="" authenticated="False" cacheable="True" compression="safe" conditionalcomment="" cookable="True" enabled="on" expression="request/HTTP_X_THEME_ENABLED | nothing" id="++theme++my.theme/css/styles.css" media="" rel="stylesheet" rendering="link" applyPrefix="True" /> </object>
This shows how to set a condition on an existing stylesheet, as well as registering a brand new one. We’ve set applyPrefix to True here, as explained above.
Start up Zope and go to your Plone site. Your new package should show as installable in the add-on product control panel. When installed, it should install plone.app.theming as a dependency and pre-configure it to use your theme and rule set. By default, the theme is not enabled, so you will need to go to the control panel to switch it on.
You can now compare your untouched theme, the unstyled Plone site, and the themed site by using the following URLs:
- http://localhost:8080 (or whatever you have configured as the styled domain) for a styled Plone. If you used the sample rule above, this will look almost exactly like your theme, but with the <title /> tag (normally shown in the title bar of your web browser) taken from Plone.
- http://localhost:8080?diazo.off=1 (presuming this is the port where Plone is running) for an unstyled Plone.
- http://localhost:8080/++theme++my.theme/theme.html for the pristine theme. This is served as a static resource, almost as if it is being opened on the filesystem.
To copy the page title:
<replace css:theme="title" css:content="title" />
To copy the <base /> tag (necessary for Plone’s links to work):
<replace css:theme="base" css:content="base" />
If there is no <base /> tag in the theme, you can do:
<before css:theme-children=”head” css:content=”base” />
<!-- Drop styles in the head - these are added back by including them from Plone --> <drop theme="/html/head/link" /> <drop theme="/html/head/style" /> <!-- Pull in Plone CSS --> <after theme-children="/html/head" content="/html/head/link | /html/head/style" />
<!-- Pull in Plone CSS --> <after theme-children="/html/head" content="/html/head/script" />
<!-- Body --> <merge attributes="class" css:theme="body" css:content="body" />
- Firebug is an excellent tool for inspecting the theme and content when building rules. It even has an XPath extractor.
- Read up on XPath. It’s not as complex as it looks and very powerful.
- Run Zope in debug mode whilst developing so that you don’t need to restart to see changes to theme, rules or, resources.
plone.app.theme has evolved from the collective.xdv package. Similarly, Diazo is an evolution of xdv.
The Diazo rules.xml syntax is very similar to the XDV one, and your XDV rules should continue to work unchanged once the namespace is updated. Where in XDV you would have:
<rules xmlns="http://namespaces.plone.org/xdv" xmlns:css="http://namespaces.plone.org/xdv+css" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"> ... </rules>
you should now use:
<rules xmlns="http://namespaces.plone.org/diazo" xmlns:css="http://namespaces.plone.org/diazo/css" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"> ... </rules>
In addition, some rules have been changed to simplify the rule set:
- <copy /> should only be used for copying attributes. For the use case that <copy /> used to cover, use <replace /> with theme-children instead.
- <prepend /> has similarly been replaced by <before /> with theme-children.
- <append /> has similarly been replaced by <after /> with theme-children.
Please see the Diazo documentation for more details about the available rules, including new rules only available in Diazo.
If you have installed a theme using collective.xdv, and you wish to migrate to plone.app.theming, you should use the following steps.
- Start up your Plone site, go to the portal_quickinstaller tool in the ZMI and uninstall the XDV theme integration package.
- Stop your Plone site, and remove collective.xdv from your buildout, by removing any references in buildout.cfg (or a file it extends), and any references in an install_requires line in a setup.py file you control.
- Install plone.app.theming as described above, adjusting your theme package as required.
You will notice that plone.app.theming exposes fewer options than collective.xdv. This is mainly because the relevant features have moved into Diazo itself and can be configured in the rules.xml file.
- Make sure the control panel is never themed, by setting the X-Theme-Disabled response header. [optilude]
- Add support for registering new views from Zope Page Templates and overriding existing templates. See README for more details. [optilude]
- Add support for X-Theme-Disabled response header. [elro]
- Make “Replace existing theme” checkbox default to off. [elro]
- Fix control panel to correctly display a newly uploaded theme. [elro]
- Fix zip import to work correctly when no manifest is supplied. [elro]
- Show theme name along with title in control panel. [elro]
- Encode internally resolved documents to support non-ascii characters correctly. [elro]
- Fix control panel to use theme name not id. [optilude]
- Wrap internal subrequests for css or js in style or script tags to facilitate inline includes. [elro]
- Add theme.xml import step (see README). [optilude]
- Add support for [theme:parameters] section in manifest.cfg, which can be used to set parameters and the corresponding TALES expressions to calculate them. [optilude]
- Add support for parameter expressions based on TALES expressions [optilude]
- Use plone.subrequest 1.6 features to work with IStreamIterator from plone.resource. [elro]
- Depend on Products.CMFPlone instead of Plone. [elro]
- Added support for uploading themes as Zip archives. [optilude]
- Added theme off switch: Add a query string parameter diazo.off=1 to a request whilst Zope is in development mode to turn off the theme. [optilude]
- Removed ‘theme’ and alternative themes support: Themes should be referenced using the <theme /> directive in the Diazo rules file. [optilude]
- Removed ‘domains’ support: This can be handled with the rules file syntax by using the host parameter. [optilude]
- Removed ‘notheme’ support: This can be handled within the rules file syntax by using the path parameter. [optilude]
- Added path and host as parameters to the Diazo rules file. These can now be used as conditional expressions. [optilude]
- Removed dependency on XDV in favour of dependency on Diazo (which is the new name for XDV). [optilude]
- Forked from collective.xdv 1.0rc11. [optilude]
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