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An interface to libprio

Project description


This module contains a Python wrapper around libprio.


Install the required dependencies via the system package manager and install the package from pip. The shared libraries for msgpack and NSS must be available for the module to initialize properly.

On an image derived from Ubuntu:

docker run -it python:3 bash
apt update && apt install libmsgpackc2 libnss3

On Centos:

docker run -it centos:8 bash
dnf update && dnf install epel-release && dnf install python36 msgpack nss

On macOS:

brew install msgpack nss

To test the package:

pip3 install prio
python3 -c "from prio.libprio import *; Prio_init(); print(PrioPRGSeed_randomize())"

Building from source

Ensure all of the libprio build tools are available, such as scons and clang

python3 -m venv venv
source venv/bin/activate
make install

# run tests
pip install pytest
python -m pytest

To run a coverage report:

pip install pytest-cov
python -m pytest --cov-report=html --cov-report=term --cov=prio tests


Binary eggs and wheels are built for Python 3.6, 3.7, and 3.8 for macOS 10.15 and Linux. From the project root, run the following command to distribute the wheels for macOS.

export TWINE_REPOSITORY=testpypi  # optional: for testing
export TWINE_USERNAME=__token__

Run the docker container for distributing the linux wheels.

docker-compose build libprio-dist
export TWINE_USERNAME=__token__
docker-compose run -e TWINE_USERNAME -e TWINE_PASSWORD libprio-dist

Build Process

There are issues running an installation of the extension module inside of the current directory (i.e. libprio/python). The directory is the first item on the PYTHONPATH. The extension module cannot be referenced until it has been completely packaged, due to the implicit import statement made by the swig wrapper:

from . import _libprio

The directory sturcture of module after running python build shows the intermediate shared object stored in a directory underneath build.

# make

% tree prio build
├── lib.macosx-10.15-x86_64-3.8
│   └── prio
│       ├──
│       ├──
│       └──
└── temp.macosx-10.15-x86_64-3.8
    └── libprio_wrap.o

The package references are valid once installed into the Python site packages.

# python3 -m venv venv
# source venv/bin/activate
# make install

% tree venv/lib/python3.8/site-packages/prio
├── __pycache__
│   ├── __init__.cpython-38.pyc
│   └── libprio.cpython-38.pyc

1 directory, 5 files

See this StackOverflow post for reference.

Multiprocessing on Linux

There are certain pathological behaviors that exibit themselves when run on a specific operating system. Due to the way that NSS is initialized, naive multiprocessing using the %init block and atexit in the SWIG interface file will fail on the multiprocessing test in Linux, but not on macOS. Management of the Prio context must be done by the library user.

=================================== FAILURES ===================================
____________________ test_multiprocessing_encoding_succeeds ____________________
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/lib64/python3.6/multiprocessing/", line 119, in worker
    result = (True, func(*args, **kwds))
  File "/usr/lib64/python3.6/multiprocessing/", line 47, in starmapstar
    return list(itertools.starmap(args[0], args[1]))
  File "/app/python/tests/", line 14, in _encode
    for_server_a, for_server_b = PrioClient_encode(cfg, data_items)
  File "/usr/local/lib64/python3.6/site-packages/prio/", line 380, in PrioClient_encode
    return _libprio.PrioClient_encode(cfg, data_in)
RuntimeError: PrioClient_encode was not successful.

The above exception was the direct cause of the following exception:

    def test_multiprocessing_encoding_succeeds():
        _, pkA = Keypair_new()
        _, pkB = Keypair_new()
        internal_hex = PublicKey_export_hex(pkA)
        external_hex = PublicKey_export_hex(pkB)

        pool_size = 2
        num_elements = 10

        p = Pool(pool_size)
>       res = p.starmap(_encode, [(internal_hex, external_hex)] * num_elements)

_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
/usr/lib64/python3.6/multiprocessing/ in starmap
    return self._map_async(func, iterable, starmapstar, chunksize).get()
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

self = <multiprocessing.pool.MapResult object at 0x7f7a86db0048>, timeout = None

    def get(self, timeout=None):
        if not self.ready():
            raise TimeoutError
        if self._success:
            return self._value
>           raise self._value
E           RuntimeError: PrioClient_encode was not successful.

/usr/lib64/python3.6/multiprocessing/ RuntimeError
=========================== short test summary info ============================
FAILED python/tests/
========================= 1 failed, 20 passed in 0.49s =========================

Project details

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